The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ

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8answers
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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
28
votes
6answers
3k views

How do we know Jesus is God incarnate?

In John 17:3 it says that Jesus called the Father the "only true God" and called himself sent by the Father. Also, in Matthew 4:10, Jesus himself says to: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve ...
20
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6answers
14k views

How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son ...
20
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2answers
560 views

How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
18
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14answers
13k views

What exactly does it mean that Jesus Christ is the son of God?

What does it mean to a Christian that Christ is the son of God? On the one hand, obviously, the normal biological meaning of son does not apply. On the other hand, "we are all children of God", but ...
12
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8answers
13k views

Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy?

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
12
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1answer
189 views

To JWs, how is Jesus Christ “the same yesterday and today, and forever”?

I'm referring, of course, to Hebrews 13:8. The Jehovah's Witnesses' preferred translation, the New World Translation, translates it in basically the same way as all other translations: Jesus ...
11
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7answers
11k views

Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
11
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2answers
3k views

Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
11
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2answers
287 views

How would Mormon christology be classified?

Is Mormon christology Trinitarian in the sense of seeing Jesus as having always existed? Or is it Arian as seeing him as the first being created by God and used as the agent in creation of everything ...
11
votes
1answer
184 views

Who is Immanuel?

In Isaiah 7:13-17 13 Then Isaiah said, “Hear now, you house of David! Is it not enough to try the patience of humans? Will you try the patience of my God also? 14 Therefore the Lord himself will ...
11
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2answers
276 views

What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
11
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1answer
752 views

The Christology of Dietrich Bonhoeffer

I once heard a Reformed theologian critique Dietrich Bonhoeffer for his Christology, but it failed to stick with me because I have not (yet) read any Bonhoeffer and am not very familiar with recent ...
11
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2answers
453 views

What's so bad about monoergism and monothelitism?

Two early heresies that intrigue me a bit are monoergism and monothelitism. Both basically suggest that while Jesus was both human and divine, he only had one "energy" or one "will." Both were ...
10
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4answers
561 views

Relationships between God the Father, Mary and the two natures of Jesus Christ

Would it be okay to say this: Jesus Christ is both God and Man, which means that He possesses both divine and human nature. Divine nature in Him is from God the Father and the human nature in ...
10
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9answers
27k views

If Jesus was Emmanuel why was he named Yeshua?

It was foretold that a virgin shall give birth and the new born will be named Emmanuel then why was Jesus named "Yeshua". Please explain...
9
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1answer
2k views

What is christomonism?

The term christomonism has sometimes been leveled against Karl Barth, John MacArthur, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. But there doesn't seem to be a canonical definition; most mentions of the term are ...
8
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2answers
2k views

If Jesus is “God's Only Son” then how can we all be God's children?

In the Apostle's creed it states that "I believe in Jesus Christ God's only son our Lord" (ELCA). But many Christians say that we're all God's children, which is contradictory. What does the Bible ...
8
votes
3answers
497 views

What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
8
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1answer
185 views

Were all the various systems of Gnosticism Docetist?

From Pelikan's first volume of The Christian Tradition: [The Savior] is also a way of distinguishing between Gnostic and non-Gnostic species of Christianity, for one of the characteristics of ...
8
votes
3answers
379 views

Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
7
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5answers
383 views

Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
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4answers
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Where in the Bible does Jesus refute that He is just a prophet?

Unlike Christianity, other Abrahamic religions say that Jesus was only a great Prophet. Christians belief, however, is deeply rooted in Bible, where there are many references supporting the Divinity ...
7
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4answers
346 views

Is Jesus the Creator?

The following verses clearly credit Jesus Christ with “Creation.” How do Christians view the role of Christ in Creation? Ephesians 3:9: And to make all [men] see what [is] the fellowship of the ...
7
votes
2answers
618 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they ...
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4answers
63k views

What does Jesus say about your spirit going to heaven?

I had an interesting question presented to me by a rector of a church. He asked me to find anywhere in the bible where Jesus spoke of your spirit going to heaven and then research those specific ...
6
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5answers
277 views

Was Jesus' death legitimate?

Legitimate, not in the fact that He died, but in how specifically his blood was shed. It is said that Jesus' death was the final fulfillment of the old testament requirements. If this is true, then ...
6
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5answers
4k views

Is it Biblical to think that Jesus died for me specifically?

Is it Biblical to think that Jesus died for me specifically? I know that He died for the whole world, but is it Biblical to think of Jesus as coming to die specifically for me? Is it possible that I ...
6
votes
1answer
100 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
5
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2answers
119 views

What are the most prominent christologies in all of Christendom?

There is no doubt that the most prominently accepted view of the nature of Christ is Trinitarianism, but I'm curious to know what other christologies would make the "top ten" of the most prominent ...
5
votes
4answers
243 views

What is Roman Catholic Church's official view on the nature of Christ?

One question that has haunted the Catholic Church from the very beginning is about the way divine and human are related in the person of Jesus Christ. The differences in doctrines have lead to the ...
5
votes
6answers
394 views

Why would Jesus begin to be called the Son of God?

The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35, NIV) This verse ...
5
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5answers
230 views

Somebody was born into a culture that has no knowledge of the Christ - could he still “find him”?

If somebody a) has no access to the Bible or any other written document on the Christ and b) has no chance of hearing of "him" through the word of mouth either (because he lives in a culture that ...
5
votes
2answers
418 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, ...
5
votes
2answers
436 views

What denominations believe that Jesus Christ has a current physical body?

As a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, I believe that Christ after his death took up his physical body and that it was this now-perfected body that he showed the disciples, ...
5
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2answers
136 views

Is it Proper to State that Chalcedonianism is a Moderate Position In-between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?

I am reading the book The First Seven Ecumenical Councils by Leo Donald Davis. This is my first introduction to Trinitarian and Christological disputes within the Early Church. It appears to me: ...
5
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2answers
689 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
5
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1answer
1k views

What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
5
votes
1answer
146 views

On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
5
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2answers
304 views

What is the Scriptural basis for Modalism?

We hear a lot at times about the godhead, so that got me wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Modalism?
4
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2answers
261 views

Do Christadelphians believe Jesus is God?

Do Christadelphians believe that Jesus is completely God and has been God since before the creation of the world? If not, when does Jesus become God (or take on God like attributes)? What is their ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

Difference between Eutychianism and Monophysitism

I was reading about some Catholic Christological heresies. Then I came across Monophysitisism and Eutychianism. Both discuss the divine and human nature of Christ. They both theorize that Christ had ...
4
votes
1answer
437 views

Basis for Binitarianism

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
4
votes
2answers
338 views

How can we understand Jesus's omniscience? [duplicate]

According to the doctrine of the Trinity, Jesus is God. He thus is entitled to be described by the various attributes of God, such as omniscience. However, the following passage raises a tough ...
4
votes
1answer
726 views

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God?

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God and, specifically, Jesus? A common Christian belief is that God is One in Three co-equal, co-eternal Persons--the Father, the Son, and the ...
4
votes
3answers
161 views

Do any church writers compare or contrast Jesus and the burning bush?

From the Wikipedia article on Oneness Pentecostalism, Oneness theology specifically maintains that God is absolutely and indivisibly one. It equally proclaims that God is not made of a physical ...
4
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1answer
79 views

In Psalms 2:7, does the expression 'this day' forbid the thought that Jesus is eternal?

Psalms 2:7: 'Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee' Does the expression 'this day' forbid the thought that Jesus is eternal? Sorry for being not an expert, but that expression makes me ...
4
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1answer
123 views

On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
4
votes
2answers
144 views

What is the difference between the Christologies of Nestorianism and Pelagianism?

Both Nestorius and Pelagius believed in a composite subject Christology that the person of Christ is a divine-humane person, the Logos and His tabernacle. Their Christology were condemned at Ephesus ...
4
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1answer
136 views

Is there an evidence about the doctrine of Christophany in the New Testament?

The doctrine about Christophany teaches that before the eternal Son was incarnated he already appeared in the Old Testament as the Angel of the Lord. The question is if there is a New Testament ...