The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
1answer
49 views

What is an overview of beliefs on “Jesus is the Word (Logos) of God”?

Recently, I've been racked at the possible ways this belief might be construed when someone says it. I suspect that the primary Biblical basis for it is John 1, but as we know, there can be many ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
-4
votes
1answer
68 views

How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
-5
votes
1answer
69 views

How do Christians distinguish the incarnate Word and the written Word of God? [on hold]

How do Christians distinguish the incarnation of the Logos (flesh and blood) in the person of Jesus Christ with the inscripturation of the Logos (paper and ink) in the written Scripture? Because both ...
-6
votes
3answers
2k views

What blood type has been found on the relics of Jesus Christ here on earth? [closed]

In contemporary times the best known, studied and discussed relic attributed to Jesus is the Shroud of Turin, currently kept in Turin and personal possession of the Pope. According to tradition, the ...
-2
votes
0answers
53 views

What is the beginning in John 1:1?

This question is inspired from a Youtube video, What Beginning? In the Johanine prologue we find St. John the Apostle begins his Gospel with a phrase, "In the beginning." What is that beginning refer ...
-4
votes
0answers
118 views

Did the early Church Fathers believe Christ assume our fallen humanity?

This question will be clarified further. Please leave a comment to ask for further clarification if it's still not clear. From the writings of the early Christian writers we can learn in detail what ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
1
vote
2answers
64 views

“The Son of Man”, Jesus' favorite designation of himself, in view of Numbers 23:19-20?

(This question has been closed though OP rephrased it.I will risk asking it rephrased again): Given this quote from Numbers 23:18–20 Then he took up his discourse and said, "Arise, O Balak, ...
-1
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there a connection between late post exilic Judaism with Christianity?

There has been a rapid grow of interest among biblical scholars in the last decades to study the interrelation between early Christianity and late post exilic Judaism: Midrash and Targum in Jewish ...
4
votes
2answers
92 views

What is the difference between the Christologies of Nestorianism and Pelagianism?

Both Nestorius and Pelagius believed in a composite subject Christology that the person of Christ is a divine-humane person, the Logos and His tabernacle. Their Christology were condemned at Ephesus ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
-3
votes
2answers
157 views

What is the difference between pre-Nicene Trinitarianism and Arianism in terms of their Christology?

In the middle of the first volume of his five-volume work on the history of Christian theology, Jaroslav Pelikan writes, The truth, even the truth of the Gospels, is never pure and clear, and ...
2
votes
2answers
207 views

Was Calvin a Nestorian?

Was John Calvin a Nestorian? I ask because of the (at least superficial similarity) between the extra calvinisticum and Nestorian thought, and because his theology of the Lord's Supper has ...
3
votes
3answers
191 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
3
votes
1answer
117 views

On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
11
votes
2answers
242 views

How would Mormon christology be classified?

Is Mormon christology Trinitarian in the sense of seeing Jesus as having always existed? Or is it Arian as seeing him as the first being created by God and used as the agent in creation of everything ...
5
votes
4answers
162 views

What is Roman Catholic Church's official view on the nature of Christ?

One question that has haunted the Catholic Church from the very beginning is about the way divine and human are related in the person of Jesus Christ. The differences in doctrines have lead to the ...
11
votes
1answer
131 views

To JWs, how is Jesus Christ “the same yesterday and today, and forever”?

I'm referring, of course, to Hebrews 13:8. The Jehovah's Witnesses' preferred translation, the New World Translation, translates it in basically the same way as all other translations: Jesus ...
30
votes
8answers
30k views

Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Does Jesus call himself divine in the synoptic gospels? [duplicate]

John's Gospel teaches clearly that Jesus is divine. And he was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10) The Jesus depicted by that Gospel appears to ...
11
votes
7answers
8k views

Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
3
votes
3answers
122 views

Why must the hypostatic union be viewed as taking place at Jesus' conception?

What are the reasons why Trinitarian orthodoxy holds that the Word had to make his hypostatic union with the man Jesus Christ at the point of his conception in Mary's womb rather than later at his ...
11
votes
2answers
423 views

What's so bad about monoergism and monothelitism?

Two early heresies that intrigue me a bit are monoergism and monothelitism. Both basically suggest that while Jesus was both human and divine, he only had one "energy" or one "will." Both were ...
7
votes
5answers
349 views

Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
20
votes
2answers
492 views

How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
2
votes
4answers
908 views

Did Jesus/God/Jehovah know that Jesus would die on the cross BEFORE coming to Earth?

I have a question, summarized pretty much by the title, did Jesus and/or God (depending on whether you accept the trinity doctrine) know that he would be crucified before being born a mortal man? I ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Innocent until conception or birth?

Does Psalm 51 imply that an unborn child will have no sin? Assuming that is true, are there any denominations that support that all unborn children have salvation? Is there newer scripture (in the ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Is Jesus God, as well as the son of God in LDS?

I have not yet been able to find the answer to this question, about LDS Mormon beliefs. I think, because Mormon belief is different from orthodox / mainstream Christianity, that this question provokes ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Why do adherents to Hypostatic Union believe that God the Son (Jesus) must be fully Human?

Orthodox teaches that Jesus assumed the full human nature. Why is it necessary that he is fully human?
8
votes
3answers
367 views

What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

Is Ecclesiology more closely related to Christology or Pneumatology?

Lately I've been thinking about my own view of ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church), and have been leaning toward to seeing it as an element of Christology—specifically, I've been thinking that the ...
2
votes
5answers
237 views

What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world?

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of ...
26
votes
6answers
3k views

How do we know Jesus is God incarnate?

In John 17:3 it says that Jesus called the Father the "only true God" and called himself sent by the Father. Also, in Matthew 4:10, Jesus himself says to: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve ...
5
votes
2answers
123 views

Is it Proper to State that Chalcedonianism is a Moderate Position In-between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?

I am reading the book The First Seven Ecumenical Councils by Leo Donald Davis. This is my first introduction to Trinitarian and Christological disputes within the Early Church. It appears to me: ...
11
votes
2answers
181 views

What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
-4
votes
4answers
152 views

Alpha, Omega, & everlasting God?

One time Jesus said: "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending" (cf. Revelation 22:13). But at another time Jesus said that He is the everlasting God, which supposedly has no ending. Can ...
3
votes
5answers
762 views

How does Absalom's death foreshadow Christ?

Absalom dies on a tree (2 Samuel 18). He's rebelled against his father, David, and taken the throne. He'd rallied all Israel to his side. David has fled, but he's sent in his army and they've totally ...
17
votes
6answers
12k views

How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

If Jesus is “God's Only Son” then how can we all be God's children?

In the Apostle's creed it states that "I believe in Jesus Christ God's only son our Lord" (ELCA). But many Christians say that we're all God's children, which is contradictory. What does the Bible ...
12
votes
8answers
10k views

Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy?

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
5
votes
2answers
253 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, ...
2
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the Christian definition of “The Messiah”?

Christianity is the religion of people who consider Jesus to be "The Messiah". But what is the Christian definition of "The Messiah"? Since Christian theology is based on the notion of "The ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
2
votes
2answers
104 views

How do Trinitarians reconcile Jesus is a spirit?

From my understanding of the Trinity (please correct me if I am wrong), the Trinity is God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three separate beings (or personalities) but one God. They ...
5
votes
2answers
602 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

Where in the Bible does Jesus refute that He is just a prophet?

Unlike Christianity, other Abrahamic religions say that Jesus was only a great Prophet. Christians belief, however, is deeply rooted in Bible, where there are many references supporting the Divinity ...
5
votes
2answers
281 views

What is the Scriptural basis for Modalism?

We hear a lot at times about the godhead, so that got me wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Modalism?
18
votes
14answers
11k views

What exactly does it mean that Jesus Christ is the son of God?

What does it mean to a Christian that Christ is the son of God? On the one hand, obviously, the normal biological meaning of son does not apply. On the other hand, "we are all children of God", but ...
5
votes
6answers
349 views

Why would Jesus begin to be called the Son of God?

The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called the Son of God. (Luke 1:35, NIV) This verse ...