The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ

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What is the biblical basis for believing that Christ is the man upon the throne from Ezekiel 1:26?

In Ezekiel 1:26 we read And above the firmament that was over their heads was the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne was the ...
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What is the biblical basis for Jesus Christ being the eternal Son of God? [duplicate]

What is the biblical basis for a Protestant understanding of how Jesus Christ is the Eternal Son of God?
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890 views

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God?

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God and, specifically, Jesus? A common Christian belief is that God is One in Three co-equal, co-eternal Persons--the Father, the Son, and the ...
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120 views

Are there any surviving Acta Diurna copies mentioning Jesus' trial or other aspects of his life?

I recently learned about Acta Diurna, which are official notices created by Roman authorities describing legal proceedings and the outcome of trials. It occurred to me that the trial of Jesus before ...
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What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world? [closed]

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of ...
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8answers
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Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
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2answers
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Why is the Bible seemingly silent on the love which the God the Son has for God the Father? [closed]

I assume that each member of the Godhead loves each other member of the Godhead. God is, after all, love (1 John 4:8 and 16). The Gospels are quite explicit regarding the love which God the Father ...
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What is the Biblical basis for thinking that Jesus died for me specifically?

I know that Jesus died for the whole world, but sometime this is phrased as Jesus died specifically for me. What is the Biblical basis for thinking that Jesus died for me specifically?
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Was Jesus omniscient regarding earthly matters?

There are several questions regarding the omniscience of Jesus, but they mostly concern the Final Judgement, etc., not earthly concerns or human knowledge. This question boils down basically to two ...
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4answers
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What is the difference between humans as “image of God” and Jesus as “image of God”?

What is the difference between humans as "image of God" and Jesus as "image of God" ? Humans are God's image: Genesis 1:26-27 26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our ...
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294 views

If Jesus ascended to heaven as Michael the angel why is he still called a man?

Jehovah's Witnesses believe Jesus was resurrected as a spirit creature Michael the archangel. If this is so, why do they still call him a man? 1 Timothy 2:5 (King James Version): For there is one ...
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Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father?

Are there any Trinitarian Protestant denominations that deny the doctrine of the eternal generation of the Son from the Father? By "denomination" in this context I am excluding any sects, Unitarians, ...
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576 views

How do Trinitarians explain the Father granting life to the Son (John 5:26)?

For as the Father has life in himself, so he has granted the Son also to have life in himself. (John 5:26, NIV) How do trinitarians explain the fact that the Father has granted life to the Son?
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2answers
96 views

According to the Eastern Orthodox, in what sense did the Theotokos (Virgin Mary) give birth to Christ's divinity?

Nestorianism would claim that Mary only gave birth to Christ's humanity. When I thought about it and considered it, I realized my prior attitude towards the Virgin Birth had been somewhat Nestorian, ...
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How do the early church fathers expound upon the “exaltation of Christ” (Philippians 2:9-11) in light of the immutability of Jesus Christ?

Philippians 2:9-11 NIV 9 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, 10 that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on ...
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“Jesus Christ, son of God” or “Jesus Christ is God”? [duplicate]

If Jesus Christ is God, why are there passages stating that Jesus is the son of God?
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2answers
531 views

What's so bad about monoergism and monothelitism?

Two early heresies that intrigue me a bit are monoergism and monothelitism. Both basically suggest that while Jesus was both human and divine, he only had one "energy" or one "will." Both were ...
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525 views

What denominations believe that Jesus Christ has a current physical body?

As a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, I believe that Christ after his death took up his physical body and that it was this now-perfected body that he showed the disciples, ...
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7answers
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Where in the Bible does Jesus refute that He is just a prophet?

Unlike Christianity, other Abrahamic religions say that Jesus was only a great Prophet. Christians belief, however, is deeply rooted in Bible, where there are many references supporting the Divinity ...
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2answers
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In what way did the ante-nicene church read Sapiental passages like Proverbs 8:22 christologically?

Commentators like Ellicott indicate that the ante-nicene Christian writers (from A.D. 100 to the Council of Nicaea) read Proverbs 8:22 christologically, that is, in reference to Christ. In what way ...
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How did the Church fathers of the first four centuries understand 2 Corinthians 5:21?

God made the one who did not know sin to be sin for us, so that in him we would become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21, NET) I'm interested in an overview of the understanding of ...
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3answers
540 views

Who symbolizes Christ in J. R. R. Tolkien's “The Lord of the Rings”?

I have long been a fan of J. R. R. Tolkien, and have enjoyed his works from an early age. I am aware that he was raised by a Roman Catholic priest, and remained a deeply religious man his whole life. ...
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Have any critiques of Lindbeck's principles been offered by academics?

Lindbeck's principles for doing 'good' Christology are as follows: Monotheism - There is only one God Historic Specificity - Centred on Jesus of Nazareth Christological Maximalism - all highest ...
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332 views

What is the Biblical basis that the second Person of the Trinity was the Only-begotten Son of the Father before His incarnation?

Do we have any proof from the Bible that the second Person of the Trinity was the Only-begotten Son of the Father before His incarnation?
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Jesus called God his own Father, and this is supposed to mean that Jesus is equal with God. Why?

John 5:18 reads as follows: This was why the Jews were seeking all the more to kill him, because not only was he breaking the Sabbath, but he was even calling God his own Father, making himself ...
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How do Jehovah's Witnesses explain John 8:58-59 in a way that accords with their doctrine?

The Jehovah's witness' version of the bible the NWT translates these verses as: 58 Jesus said to them: “Most truly I say to you, before Abraham came into existence, I have been.” 59 So they ...
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6answers
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Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
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52 views

What is an overview of doctrines regarding Christ and Original Sin?

I can imagine a few consequences of the doctrine of original sin on the person and ministry of Christ. Was Christ burdened by original sin because he was human, and chose not to sin, overcoming that ...
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87 views

What is an overview of beliefs on “Jesus is the Word (Logos) of God”?

Recently, I've been racked at the possible ways this belief might be construed when someone says it. I suspect that the primary Biblical basis for it is John 1, but as we know, there can be many ...
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Confusion regarding the son of God [duplicate]

I myself am not a Christian but Iin college I have a Christian Friend. I know that Christians regard Christ as son of God spiritually not bodily. I asked my friend, "Why do you call Eesa (Christ) ...
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How have Protestants explained how Jesus could be born of mankind and be sinless?

Very simple question really. If the sin of Adam is passed down through the generations, so that all of us are born with a sin nature, how can it be that Jesus was born of Mary (a human being), yet ...
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Could Christ who carried our sins on the cross forgive those same sins?

Christ who bore our sins on the Cross: 1 Peter 2:24 (NASB77) 24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds ...
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Reasons Behind The Worship of Christ

According to the Catholic understanding of Christology, Worship and the Trinity; would it be accurate to state that we worship Jesus because He is the Person who is the 2nd Person of the Trinity? ...
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If someone claims himself to be Jesus Christ does The Bible tell me to immediately disbelieve him? [closed]

I, as a Christian, believe everything in The Bible. Then I meet a man who claims himself to be Jesus Christ. Can I immediately disbelieve that man based on some arguments from The Bible?
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What are the differences between Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and Nestorianism?

In another question, @Daи excellently explained the differences between Western and Eastern Christianity. But what are the differences between the Eastern Christianity itself, particularly between ...
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8answers
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Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy? [closed]

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
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127 views

Where does Jesus Say He is God? [duplicate]

Many parts in the bible where he said he can't do anything by himself, but by the will of God. If you look at the sentences above almost all the prophets before him used the same words. When he ...
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2answers
290 views

Do Christadelphians believe Jesus is God?

Do Christadelphians believe that Jesus is completely God and has been God since before the creation of the world? If not, when does Jesus become God (or take on God like attributes)? What is their ...
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How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son ...
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3answers
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What is the Christian definition of “The Messiah”?

Christianity is the religion of people who consider Jesus to be "The Messiah". But what is the Christian definition of "The Messiah"? Since Christian theology is based on the notion of "The ...
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307 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
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1answer
568 views

Basis for Binitarianism

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
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1answer
234 views

How do Christians distinguish the incarnate Word and the written Word of God? [closed]

How do Christians distinguish the incarnation of the Logos (flesh and blood) in the person of Jesus Christ with the inscripturation of the Logos (paper and ink) in the written Scripture? Because both ...
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What is temptation?

Temptation, in the common secular sense, seems to indicate an attraction to something. Temptation The act of tempting The condition of being tempted. Something attractive, tempting or ...
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Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
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How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
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What blood type has been found on the relics of Jesus Christ here on earth? [closed]

In contemporary times the best known, studied and discussed relic attributed to Jesus is the Shroud of Turin, currently kept in Turin and personal possession of the Pope. According to tradition, the ...
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1answer
155 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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2answers
246 views

“The Son of Man”, Jesus' favorite designation of himself, in view of Numbers 23:19-20?

(This question has been closed though OP rephrased it.I will risk asking it rephrased again): Given this quote from Numbers 23:18–20 Then he took up his discourse and said, "Arise, O Balak, ...