The branch of Christian theology relating to the person, nature, and role of Christ

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What is the Christian definition of “The Messiah”?

Christianity is the religion of people who consider Jesus to be "The Messiah". But what is the Christian definition of "The Messiah"? Since Christian theology is based on the notion of "The ...
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3answers
212 views

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?

Does the Eastern Orthodox Church consider belief in the existence of Jesus' soul before the incarnation a heresy?
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1answer
143 views

On which parts in the gospels is Weatherhead's argument about Mary, mother of Jesus, founded?

I read that Leslie Dixon Weatherhead, an English Christian theologian, made every effort to present Mary as a very pure, sincere, immature, young maiden who simply had interpreted the Angel's ...
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7answers
9k views

Why is Jesus occasionally referred to as “The Christ”? Is there a different definition between the two?

I've occasionally heard of Jesus Christ referred to as "The Christ" and the phrasing has always struck me. What are the differences (if any) between referring to him as Jesus Christ versus "The ...
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5answers
3k views

Is it Biblical to think that Jesus died for me specifically?

Is it Biblical to think that Jesus died for me specifically? I know that He died for the whole world, but is it Biblical to think of Jesus as coming to die specifically for me? Is it possible that I ...
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1answer
390 views

Basis for Binitarianism

We hear a lot at times in church, seminary, general discussions, etc about the godhead, so that got me to wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Binitarianism? UPDATE: ...
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1answer
112 views

How do Christians distinguish the incarnate Word and the written Word of God? [closed]

How do Christians distinguish the incarnation of the Logos (flesh and blood) in the person of Jesus Christ with the inscripturation of the Logos (paper and ink) in the written Scripture? Because both ...
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4answers
7k views

What is temptation?

Temptation, in the common secular sense, seems to indicate an attraction to something. Temptation The act of tempting The condition of being tempted. Something attractive, tempting or ...
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1answer
660 views

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God?

What do Jehovah's Witnesses believe about the nature of God and, specifically, Jesus? A common Christian belief is that God is One in Three co-equal, co-eternal Persons--the Father, the Son, and the ...
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1answer
59 views

What is an overview of beliefs on “Jesus is the Word (Logos) of God”?

Recently, I've been racked at the possible ways this belief might be construed when someone says it. I suspect that the primary Biblical basis for it is John 1, but as we know, there can be many ...
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2answers
2k views

Did the Romans not breaking Jesus' legs fulfill a prophecy?

I seem to remember that Jesus having already died and not needing his legs broken fulfilled an OT prophecy. Where was this prophecy recorded and what did it say?
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1answer
91 views

How do Trinitarians explain that the Logos is a person?

This question is inspired by What "Word" is John talking about in John 1:1? He argues that the Logos is an impersonal Word of God which He used to create the world just as our own words are ...
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What blood type has been found on the relics of Jesus Christ here on earth? [closed]

In contemporary times the best known, studied and discussed relic attributed to Jesus is the Shroud of Turin, currently kept in Turin and personal possession of the Pope. According to tradition, the ...
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1answer
80 views

Was Emperor St. Justinian an Aphthartodocetist?

Ss. Eutychius of Constantinople and Anastasius of Antioch were deposed and exiled because they openly opposed Emperor St. Justinian's edict in 564 on Aphthartodocetism. On the Hagiography of Eutychius ...
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2answers
97 views

“The Son of Man”, Jesus' favorite designation of himself, in view of Numbers 23:19-20?

(This question has been closed though OP rephrased it.I will risk asking it rephrased again): Given this quote from Numbers 23:18–20 Then he took up his discourse and said, "Arise, O Balak, ...
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2answers
116 views

What is the difference between the Christologies of Nestorianism and Pelagianism?

Both Nestorius and Pelagius believed in a composite subject Christology that the person of Christ is a divine-humane person, the Logos and His tabernacle. Their Christology were condemned at Ephesus ...
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1answer
92 views

Were Luther and Calvin Aphthartodocetists?

Julian of Halicarnassus (d. 527) was condemned at a council in Constantinople in 536. In denying a distinction between ousia (common essence) and physis (particular nature), Julian was faced with the ...
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2answers
209 views

What is the difference between pre-Nicene Trinitarianism and Arianism in terms of their Christology?

In the middle of the first volume of his five-volume work on the history of Christian theology, Jaroslav Pelikan writes, The truth, even the truth of the Gospels, is never pure and clear, and ...
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2answers
266 views

Was Calvin a Nestorian?

Was John Calvin a Nestorian? I ask because of the (at least superficial similarity) between the extra calvinisticum and Nestorian thought, and because his theology of the Lord's Supper has ...
11
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2answers
266 views

How would Mormon christology be classified?

Is Mormon christology Trinitarian in the sense of seeing Jesus as having always existed? Or is it Arian as seeing him as the first being created by God and used as the agent in creation of everything ...
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4answers
204 views

What is Roman Catholic Church's official view on the nature of Christ?

One question that has haunted the Catholic Church from the very beginning is about the way divine and human are related in the person of Jesus Christ. The differences in doctrines have lead to the ...
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1answer
150 views

To JWs, how is Jesus Christ “the same yesterday and today, and forever”?

I'm referring, of course, to Hebrews 13:8. The Jehovah's Witnesses' preferred translation, the New World Translation, translates it in basically the same way as all other translations: Jesus ...
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8answers
34k views

Does Jesus ever claim to be God, or the son of God?

While I understand there are many potential passages in the Bible of Jesus claiming to be a messiah (which I understand to mean "anointed"), a king, or one through whom it is necessary to know God, ...
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2answers
152 views

Does Jesus call himself divine in the synoptic gospels? [duplicate]

John's Gospel teaches clearly that Jesus is divine. And he was in the world, and the world was made by him, and the world knew him not. (John 1:10) The Jesus depicted by that Gospel appears to ...
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3answers
139 views

Why must the hypostatic union be viewed as taking place at Jesus' conception?

What are the reasons why Trinitarian orthodoxy holds that the Word had to make his hypostatic union with the man Jesus Christ at the point of his conception in Mary's womb rather than later at his ...
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2answers
441 views

What's so bad about monoergism and monothelitism?

Two early heresies that intrigue me a bit are monoergism and monothelitism. Both basically suggest that while Jesus was both human and divine, he only had one "energy" or one "will." Both were ...
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5answers
364 views

Was Christ the man created?

In historical Christian belief (of almost any type), it would be considered heresy to say that God the Son was created. The term "begat" is preferred, where this term does not imply creation. In such ...
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2answers
521 views

How do modalists understand the role of Jesus as mediator?

The Bible calls Jesus our mediator: Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. (Romans 8:34, ESV) For ...
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4answers
1k views

Did Jesus/God/Jehovah know that Jesus would die on the cross BEFORE coming to Earth?

I have a question, summarized pretty much by the title, did Jesus and/or God (depending on whether you accept the trinity doctrine) know that he would be crucified before being born a mortal man? I ...
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2answers
131 views

Innocent until conception or birth?

Does Psalm 51 imply that an unborn child will have no sin? Assuming that is true, are there any denominations that support that all unborn children have salvation? Is there newer scripture (in the ...
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2answers
170 views

Is Jesus God, as well as the son of God in LDS?

I have not yet been able to find the answer to this question, about LDS Mormon beliefs. I think, because Mormon belief is different from orthodox / mainstream Christianity, that this question provokes ...
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2answers
90 views

Why do adherents to Hypostatic Union believe that God the Son (Jesus) must be fully Human?

Orthodox teaches that Jesus assumed the full human nature. Why is it necessary that he is fully human?
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424 views

What does it mean that “the two natures of Christ cannot be separated”?

The Ausberg confession states of Christ in the Chief Articles of Faith, Therefore, he has two natures, one divine and the other human. They are united in one person and cannot be separated. What ...
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2answers
124 views

Is Ecclesiology more closely related to Christology or Pneumatology?

Lately I've been thinking about my own view of ecclesiology (doctrine of the Church), and have been leaning toward to seeing it as an element of Christology—specifically, I've been thinking that the ...
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5answers
342 views

What does it mean for Christ to have been slain before the creation of the world?

The book of Revelation describes Jesus as "slain before the foundations of the earth": All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast--all whose names have not been written in the book of ...
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6answers
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How do we know Jesus is God incarnate?

In John 17:3 it says that Jesus called the Father the "only true God" and called himself sent by the Father. Also, in Matthew 4:10, Jesus himself says to: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve ...
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2answers
130 views

Is it Proper to State that Chalcedonianism is a Moderate Position In-between Nestorianism and Monophysitism?

I am reading the book The First Seven Ecumenical Councils by Leo Donald Davis. This is my first introduction to Trinitarian and Christological disputes within the Early Church. It appears to me: ...
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2answers
226 views

What is the difference between Apollinarianism and Eutychianism?

Both Apollinaris and Eutychius believed in one divine subject Christology that the only and whole person of Christ is a divine person, the Logos. Not a divine-humane person. Their Christology were ...
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4answers
160 views

Alpha, Omega, & everlasting God?

One time Jesus said: "I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending" (cf. Revelation 22:13). But at another time Jesus said that He is the everlasting God, which supposedly has no ending. Can ...
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5answers
804 views

How does Absalom's death foreshadow Christ?

Absalom dies on a tree (2 Samuel 18). He's rebelled against his father, David, and taken the throne. He'd rallied all Israel to his side. David has fled, but he's sent in his army and they've totally ...
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6answers
13k views

How should I understand the emphasis on “begotten, not made” in the Nicene Creed?

I'm trying to understand the importance the repetition of "begotten" in the Nicene creed. It states (emphasis mine): We believe in one Lord, Jesus Christ,     the only Son ...
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2answers
1k views

If Jesus is “God's Only Son” then how can we all be God's children?

In the Apostle's creed it states that "I believe in Jesus Christ God's only son our Lord" (ELCA). But many Christians say that we're all God's children, which is contradictory. What does the Bible ...
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8answers
12k views

Which scriptures tells us that Jesus laughed or was happy?

I know that Jesus wept. Where can I find in the bible that Jesus expressed joy, laughter or happiness?
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2answers
332 views

How do Jehovah's Witnesses interpret verses like Isaiah 9:6 which call the messiah 'God'?

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, THE MIGHTY GOD, The everlasting Father, ...
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1answer
114 views

On the Catholic Perspective on the incarnation of Jesus, according to St.Thomas Aquinas: Two natures, one Person

To understand St.Thomas theology, we must understand the metaphysics that goes hand in hand with his theology. For the notion of Person, the previous notion of Suppositum or Hypostasis seems to be ...
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2answers
113 views

How do Trinitarians reconcile Jesus is a spirit?

From my understanding of the Trinity (please correct me if I am wrong), the Trinity is God the Father, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Ghost as three separate beings (or personalities) but one God. They ...
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2answers
650 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
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4answers
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Where in the Bible does Jesus refute that He is just a prophet?

Unlike Christianity, other Abrahamic religions say that Jesus was only a great Prophet. Christians belief, however, is deeply rooted in Bible, where there are many references supporting the Divinity ...
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2answers
292 views

What is the Scriptural basis for Modalism?

We hear a lot at times about the godhead, so that got me wondering: what is the Scriptural basis for the Christian doctrine of Modalism?
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14answers
12k views

What exactly does it mean that Jesus Christ is the son of God?

What does it mean to a Christian that Christ is the son of God? On the one hand, obviously, the normal biological meaning of son does not apply. On the other hand, "we are all children of God", but ...