The Catholic Church and its teachings and views on specific subjects.

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How do Catholics explain Mary making sin offering 40 days after Jesus' birth?" [duplicate]

The Bible reports that in accord with the requirement of the Mosaic Law, 40 days after Jesus’ birth Mary offered at the temple in Jerusalem a sin offering for purification from uncleanness. If she ...
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1answer
62 views

How do Catholics explain that the fighting leaders of the Hebrews were old men?

In the books of Joshua and Judges the leaders of the Hebrews are old men like Joshua himself or Judah. In particular the following verse made me wonder something: Judges 1:3 (ESV): And Judah said ...
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1answer
3k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
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47 views

Is there any branch of the Protestant Church that can receive Communion at Mass? [duplicate]

Does Roman Catholicism allow certain Protestants to receive communion during the mass if they have been baptized and confirmed? I'd like to know if there are any Protestant denominations that Roman ...
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631 views

Has the Catholic church ever voiced its view on the possibility of aliens' existence?

Has the Catholic church ever acknowledged such a possibility as not contradicting the Bible? Or has it once said that the whole idea of aliens is absolutely non-Biblical as the humans are the center ...
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According to Catholic doctrine, what effect does the Last Judgment have on those who are already in heaven?

Catholics believe we are judged immediately after we die (Particular Judgement). Some of us will go to heaven. Then there is still the Last Judgement (or Final Judgement). What effect does the Last ...
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38 views

Gregory of Nazianzus - First Oration - Translation of καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ

At the very beginning (§1) of his first oration entitled, "On the Holy Pascha and on His Reluctance/Delay," Gregory writes, Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα, καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ... Browne/Swallow translate καὶ ἡ ...
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Communion of saints - Is there a Greek equivalent of “ecclesia penitens”?

The doctrine of the communion of saints states that the body of Christ consists of three churches: The Church militant, or Latin ecclesia militans, or Greek ἡ ἐκκλησία ἡ στρατευομένη The Church ...
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186 views

Significance of different colored vestments worn by Catholic clergy

What color vestments are worn by the Catholic clergy (Roman rite) during Mass, and what is their significance?
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45 views

In light of Catholic Teaching, what is the Catholic explanation of “But who can discern his errors? Clear thou me from hidden faults.” [Ps 19:12]

From my understanding of Catholic Teaching on sin, a person commits sin when they choose deliberately - that is, both knowing it and willing it - something [gravely] contrary to the divine law and to ...
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222 views

Why did the pope say gender is a property of essence?

In his 2012 Christmas address, Pope Benedict XVI said: According to the biblical creation account, being created by God as male and female pertains to the essence of the human creature. The ...
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126 views

Is interpreting Noah's flood as a civilization-wide event compatible with Roman Catholicism?

I heard an idea a while back that perhaps the flood described in the Old Testament wasn't necessarily a global, worldwide flood, but that it was a worldwide flood in a human civilization sense. In ...
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15k views

Does the Roman Catholic church recognize marriages outside of the church?

I'm curious about the status of marriages performed outside the auspices of the church. For example, if a non Catholic converts to the Roman church, but was married beforehand, does it "count". Based ...
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293 views

Why does the Roman Catholic church allow girls to serve the altar?

I once knew a classmate who told me that she belonged to the Coptic Orthodox church. Out of curiosity, I asked her whether she had ever served the altar, because I figured that serving the altar was ...
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1answer
227 views

In Catholicism, what can the Saints be patrons of?

St. Patrick is known for evangelizing Ireland. Since most saints I hear of are also characterized as "the Patron Saint of X", I wondered what Patrick was the Patron of. According to the wikipedia ...
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132 views

Are Russian Orthodox Christians considered heretics by Roman Catholicism?

I heard that Russian Orthodox Christians are considered heretics by Catholics. Are there any official Catholic doctrines, documents or quotes that deny or confirm this statement?
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793 views

Does the Catholic Church consider abortion to be murder?

As a Catholic, I know that I am accountable to a higher law than human/positive law. The natural moral law is the guiding force behind the formation of my conscience and if human laws are not in ...
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89 views

Which Catholic theologians say that Purgatory is a “fiery moment”?

I was watching a video interview of NT Wright about life after death, in which he makes a statement that: Some Roman Catholic theologians now say that that's actually what Purgatory is actually ...
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113 views

Does St. Gertrude's prayer have any (semi-)official standing in the Catholic Church?

I'd like to know if there was any official or unofficial statement given by the Roman Catholic Church on the St. Gertrude's prayer that saves 1000 souls from purgatory? Is there even any record from ...
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1answer
127 views

What was St. Thomas Aquinas's view on the difference between punishment accorded to original sin and punishment accorded to individual sin?

Many different thinkers in Catholicism have proposed different theories regarding what original sin is compared to individual sin. From this, different theologians have thought that original sin ...
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2answers
856 views

Why, according to the Catholic Church, did the Reformation happen?

Has the Catholic church ever put forth a theological theory or statement as to why the Reformation happened? Please note.... I'm not asking about how the Reformation happened. History is what it ...
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2answers
820 views

Is Mary, “Mother of God,” the mother of the Son or of the whole Trinity?

I find the Catholic title "Mother of God" for the Virgin Mary confusing. It is clear that she was the mother of Jesus, the Son. But the title suggests (indeed, not literally, but still) that Mary is ...
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149 views

What's “reciprocal subsidiarity”?

I heard Pope Francis use the phrase "reciprocal subsidiarity" at his address to the U.S. Congress. In recent centuries, millions of people came to this land to pursue their dream of building a ...
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Can a divorced Christian marry a catholic? [duplicate]

Can a divorced, non-Catholic Christian marry a Catholic who has never been married, according to Roman Catholicism? Can such a couple get married in a Catholic church?
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487 views

What is the Catholic teaching on oral sex and impotence?

According to the Catholic Church, are a married couple permitted to engage in oral sex when sexual problems such as impotence make vaginal sex impossible?
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Have any real people been de-canonized?

People can be canonized (declared to be saints) and these official declarations are held to be infallible. Some people might be considered saints because of popular devotion, without being actually ...
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480 views

Was Adam anatomically God's image? [closed]

Under patronage and control of Pope Julius circa 1512, Michelangelo painted the fresco on the Sistine Chapel that shows the creation of Adam. The complementary poses of the two figures emphasize ...
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How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
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2answers
208 views

According to Roman Catholicism, how old will our resurrection bodies be?

How is the resurrection of the body supposed to work in Catholicism? For example, if I die at 90, will I resurrect with the body of an old man? What about babies—will they simply resurrect as very ...
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3answers
179 views

Where does the Scripture say that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace in order to go to Heaven?

If I am correct, the Catholic Church teaches that you need to be in the state of Divine Grace at the moment of your death if you wish to go to Heaven. If you are not, then you are automatically ...
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100 views

Was Jesus having the beatific vision when He said: “My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me?”

I know that Jesus had the beatific vision while he stayed on earth. But at the cross, he said "My God, My God, why have you forsaken Me?" sounding like he has not having the beatific vision at that ...
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85 views

Acts 6:8 - Stephen is described as “full of grace” (πλήρης χάριτος)

In Acts 6:8, according to some manuscripts the Greek text states, Στέφανος δὲ πλήρης χάριτος καὶ δυνάμεως ἐποίει τέρατα καὶ σημεῖα μεγάλα ἐν τῷ λαῷ. (NA28) which is translated by the NABRE into ...
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If God is a Trinity, are Father and Son manifestations of Divinity without being spirits? [duplicate]

If God is a Trinity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, does this mean that Father and Son are manifestations of Divinity without being spirits, so that only the Holy Spirit is a spirit? Please answer ...
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Does Catholicism teach that the Pope is God?

I am non-denominational. I have a couple Catholic friends and one of them told me that the Pope IS God. Remembering what I heard about the Catholic religion I corrected him and said that he was at ...
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Praying to people outside the Trinity

I understand that the Roman Catholic church direct some prayers to Mary, the mother of Jesus. For me it would be strange to address my prayers to anyone outside the Holy Trinity. Do Catholics pray to ...
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1answer
2k views

According to the Catholic Church, do animals have free will?

Do animals have free will or are they already pre-defined in what they do? Also, how does the answer to this question affect humans when we use our free will to interact with animals? I'm looking for ...
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53 views

Does the Catholic church have an officially-sanctioned, organized form of spirituality analogous to Orthodox hesychasm?

According to my understanding, hesychasm, along with asceticism, is the official, traditional, and uniformly accepted spiritual path of the Orthodox church. Is there an analogous, well-defined, ...
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2answers
216 views

What is World Youth Day?

A recent question mentions World Youth Day. Wikipedia says that it's an event for young people organized by the Catholic Church. That isn't very helpful, since there are a lot of different types of ...
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111 views

Catholic and other faith intermarriage

Why isn't a Catholic supposed to marry outside of their faith, and what are the consequences if you do? Additionally, would there be some inside of Catholicism who don't think this is an issue? I am ...
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211 views

Did Roman Catholic Church law ever condone (the contemporary practice of) incest?

I may not be asking the right question, but I'm trying to figure out the context behind a quote from an Arthur Pink sermon: herein we may see the blasphemous impiety of the popes of Rome, who in ...
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279 views

What is consumerism and what does the Pope see wrong with it?

In the most recent encyclical Laudato si', Pope Francis condemns consumerism. What does he mean by the word consumerism? And what does he see wrong with it? To blame population growth instead of ...
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1answer
52 views

Which Catholic encyclicals discuss the Catholic teaching on the results of Jesus' sacrifice? [closed]

Which Catholic papal encyclicals discuss questions like - 1) Why did Jesus have to die? 2) What are the effects of the sacrifice of Jesus? 3) How does God look at the world before and after the ...
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What is the difference between an Apostolic Exhortation and an Encyclical Letter?

Pope Francis has just released an Apostolic Exhortation called Evangelii Gaudium (The Joy of the Gospel). He also released an Encyclical Letter in the summer called Lumen Fidei (The Light of Faith). ...
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1answer
57 views

Which encyclical talks about the Mass as a sacrifice?

I am interested to know if there are any encyclicals which specifically compare the sacrifice of the Mass with the Temple sacrifices of the old Testament, wherein Jesus himself takes the place of the ...
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1answer
285 views

How does one reconcile the sinlessness of Mary with her sin offering in Luke 2:24?

In Luke 2:22-24, it is written, 22 And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; 23 (As it is ...
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1k views

How does Pope Benedict XVI reconcile conscience and authority?

A recent talk by Father Bob Pierson 1 quoted Joseph Ratzinger (as he then was, now Pope Benedict XVI) as saying that the individual conscience must overrule ecclesiastical authority. I was intrigued ...
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4k views

Can a married person be elected as the Pope?

What is The Roman Catholic law for electing the Pope in regards to a married person? If a married person is elected, what will happen to his wife after becoming the Pope?
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107 views

According to Catholicism is feeling nostalgic a sin?

According to a Doctor of Church (e.g., St. Thomas Aquinas), is feeling nostalgic a sin? I think it is, because saints have advocated detachment from the world, and it is a constant theme of even ...
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262 views

What is the very least a Catholic needs to believe about Genesis 2 and 3?

There have been a couple skeptical questions asked here recently based off of what some people think are either false premises or assumptions or something. But I am still confused as to what the ...
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259 views

Why did the medieval church become involved with marriage?

It seems, through my research, that the Christian Western marriage was created during the Middle Ages (cf. this question). So, does that mean that before the Middle Ages, the Western Christian church ...