The Catholic Church and its teachings and views on specific subjects.

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In which other churches do Roman Catholics recognize apostolic succession?

The Roman Catholic Church derives much of its claim to legitimacy from the teaching of "apostolic succession". Other churches also believe that their priests derive their authority in an unbroken ...
6
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1answer
153 views

According to Roman Catholicism, in what way do wives need to submit to their husbands?

What is the Catholic teaching on the way a wife needs to obey her husband? In Ephesians 5:22, we read: Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands as you do to the Lord. (NIV) I'd like to ...
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3answers
120 views

Was the dogma of the Immaculate Conception formulated in response to someone challenging Mary's ability to bear a perfect Son?

i read that dogma is the churches way of explaining supernatural events in scripture Since I have been doing research on the question of how a perfect Jesus could be born of a descendant of Adam, it ...
2
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3answers
79 views

What is the test that determines doctrine from discipline?

Some of the hubbub around the Synod on the Family in 2015 has been (at least superficially) around whether disallowing civilly remarried couples, without annulled marriages, whose original spouses are ...
1
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1answer
121 views

According to Catholicism, does the Eucharist have all the same physical and chemical properties, and physiological effects, as bread and wine?

Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Why do you spend your money for that which ...
3
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3answers
262 views

Do the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches observe different dates for Pascha?

Someone claimed on another forum that the Roman Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church observe different dates for the feast of Pascha/Easter. Is this so? If so, what does this imply about the ...
4
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1answer
68 views

What, if any, were the Catholic orders that opposed the Catholic Inquisition?

During the Inquisition of the Middle Ages, Dominicans and Franciscans were the main church inquisitors. I was wondering if there were other religious orders that, as a whole, opposed the Inquisition. ...
8
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3answers
891 views

What is the Catholic view of the rapture?

What is the Roman Catholic view of the rapture? Does the Catholic church accept the idea that people will be caught up in the air to meet Christ? If not, how do they interpret ...
1
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1answer
127 views

What has the Holy Spirit taught people after Jesus left? [duplicate]

I know that the below verse is explained to foretell the coming of the Holy Spirit according to Catholics. Even though the Holy Spirit was already mentioned previously, it is explained that Jesus is ...
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2answers
122 views

Why do Catholics teach that Catholics go to hell if they die in a state of mortal sin, but teach some Protestants may go to Purgatory/Heaven?

I have heard, according to Roman Catholic professors and dogma, that if we die with a mortal sin on our soul we will go to hell. However, didn't Pope Benedict XVI say that Protestants can achieve ...
26
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6answers
10k views

When does the Pope speak ex cathedra?

The Catholic Church considers the Pope infallible, but only in limited circumstances. The Pope is a human being like the rest of us, and capable of sinning. However, when the Pope speaks ex cathedra, ...
10
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3answers
618 views

According to the Catholic Church, will we have physical bodies in heaven?

I've heard and read that when we die, and we go to heaven, we won't have bodies. We'll be spirits only, but so happy that we won't need bodies or objects. In School we were taught that when we go to ...
10
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1answer
1k views

Why is Origen considered a Church Father, but not a saint?

I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West" (book by Anthony Grafton, page 222) that Origen was considered a Church Father but not a Saint by either the ...
3
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0answers
105 views

Byzantine Chant vs. Gregorian Chant: What are the differences in goals as far as attitude and concepts between these two chanting styles

I'm NOT interested here in the difference in musical structure and rules here, per-say, between the Byzantine and Gregorian chanting styles. What I'm more interested in is the difference between them ...
2
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2answers
273 views

Is the Catholic Church the oldest church? [duplicate]

I read one of your articles which stated that Catholicism was the first Christian religion. I was under the impression that the Chalcedonians and Armenians both predate Catholicism and the Orthodox ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Marriage and annulments [duplicate]

I am a Catholic that was married in the Episcopal Church 25 years ago. My wife and I have had a civil dissolution 8 years ago. Does the Catholic church consider my marriage valid, and requires an ...
4
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4answers
301 views

Why are Catholics singled out from “Christians”?

I've noticed that some people would single out "Catholics" from "Christians". Belief.net is one website that separates "Catholicism" from "Christianity", and the website does not claim to be ...
6
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2answers
389 views

According to Roman Catholicism, is it a sin to vote for pro-choice politicians?

Let's not make this a debate about pro-life and pro-choice views of abortion. According to Roman Catholic teaching, would it be a sin if I voted for a pro-choice politician such as Bernie Sanders?
12
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2answers
233 views

Does transubstantiation apply to the Last Supper, which occurred prior to the crucifixion?

The Roman Catholic church teaches the doctrine of transubstantiation--that the bread and wine literally become the body and blood of Jesus. It seems that the sacrament of taking the body and blood ...
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3answers
624 views

If the wages of sin is death, why then Jesus died? Does it imply Jesus sinned?

It is just confusing that the teachings of the Catholic church teach us that through sins (original sin committed by Adam and Eve) there comes death. Jesus died. Does it mean He had sinned?
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1answer
149 views

Is it justifiable to kill an innocent person with the following conditions?

I'm asking in the context of the Catholic Church's doctrines on just war and self-defense. Is it justifiable to kill an innocent person in order to prevent a greater evil, with no other practical ...
6
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1answer
145 views

Were any popes or patriarchs converts to Christianity?

The Biblical Peter was an adult when Jesus began his ministry, and thus ranks among the earliest converts to Christianity. Roman Catholics hold that Peter was also the first pope. Are any subsequent ...
4
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2answers
81 views

In Catholic evening prayer, why do some days have Psalm prayers, other days do not?

Nov 9, feast of St. John Lateran, feast, evening prayer, no psalm prayer. Nov 10, St Leo, pope and Doctor, memorial,, evening prayer, psalm prayer. Nov 11, St Martin of tours, bishop, memorial, ...
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1answer
63 views

Has a Pope ever encouraged separated or civilly-divorced spouses to strive toward reunion?

Has a Pope ever encouraged, such as in an official letter or audience, separated spouses to strive toward reunion?
2
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1answer
259 views

Does Roman Catholic doctrine teach that Christ no longer has a body that possesses flesh?

Does Roman Catholic doctrine teach that Christ's incorruptible body no longer has flesh? I was translating a work of John of Damascus entitled Περὶ τοῦ ἀχράντου σώματος, οὗ μεταλαμβάνομεν. In this ...
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4answers
716 views

What is the importance of reading the Bible personally in Catholicism?

What is the importance of reading the Bible in Catholicism? Can a Catholic anticipate going to heaven by only attending the masses and going to Confession, but never read the Bible at home? Does ...
20
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1answer
577 views

On what do Catholics base their doctrine of the eternal virginity of Mary?

I understand that the Catholic Church teaches that Mary is the eternal virgin in that she neither had sexual relations with Joseph (or any other man) either before or after the miraculous conception ...
6
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1answer
186 views

Who believes the incarnation and resurrection wouldn't have happened without Mary's faith?

A group called the Steering Committee for the National Consecration of Ireland to the Immaculate Heart of Mary is, as the name suggests, seeking the consecration of the nation of Ireland to the ...
7
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1answer
97 views

What was the earliest Papal condemnation of slavery?

Could someone tell me what the earliest Papal statement or encyclical was where the Church condemned the institution of slavery? A Magisterial document would also be accepted if there are earlier ...
6
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3answers
496 views

What are the Church fathers' arguments that Peter is the rock?

The Roman Catholic Church asserts that the Bishop of Rome, the Pope, is the legitimate successor of the apostle Peter, the "rock" upon whom the Lord Jesus Christ founded his Church, according to its ...
1
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1answer
108 views

According to Roman Catholicism, why did Jesus not name the rich man in the story of Lazarus and the rich man?

In the story of the rich man and the poor man (Luke 16:19–31), Jesus did not name the rich man. The name Lazarus that Jesus gave to the poor man is said to have originated from a Greek word meaning ...
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0answers
26 views

How do Catholics explain Mary making sin offering 40 days after Jesus' birth?" [duplicate]

The Bible reports that in accord with the requirement of the Mosaic Law, 40 days after Jesus’ birth Mary offered at the temple in Jerusalem a sin offering for purification from uncleanness. If she ...
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1answer
63 views

How do Catholics explain that the fighting leaders of the Hebrews were old men?

In the books of Joshua and Judges the leaders of the Hebrews are old men like Joshua himself or Judah. In particular the following verse made me wonder something: Judges 1:3 (ESV): And Judah said ...
18
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1answer
3k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone of contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Is there any branch of the Protestant Church that can receive Communion at Mass? [duplicate]

Does Roman Catholicism allow certain Protestants to receive communion during the mass if they have been baptized and confirmed? I'd like to know if there are any Protestant denominations that Roman ...
11
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1answer
633 views

Has the Catholic church ever voiced its view on the possibility of aliens' existence?

Has the Catholic church ever acknowledged such a possibility as not contradicting the Bible? Or has it once said that the whole idea of aliens is absolutely non-Biblical as the humans are the center ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

According to Catholic doctrine, what effect does the Last Judgment have on those who are already in heaven?

Catholics believe we are judged immediately after we die (Particular Judgement). Some of us will go to heaven. Then there is still the Last Judgement (or Final Judgement). What effect does the Last ...
2
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1answer
38 views

Gregory of Nazianzus - First Oration - Translation of καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ

At the very beginning (§1) of his first oration entitled, "On the Holy Pascha and on His Reluctance/Delay," Gregory writes, Ἀναστάσεως ἡμέρα, καὶ ἡ ἀρχὴ δεξιὰ... Browne/Swallow translate καὶ ἡ ...
4
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2answers
48 views

Communion of saints - Is there a Greek equivalent of “ecclesia penitens”?

The doctrine of the communion of saints states that the body of Christ consists of three churches: The Church militant, or Latin ecclesia militans, or Greek ἡ ἐκκλησία ἡ στρατευομένη The Church ...
4
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1answer
211 views

Significance of different colored vestments worn by Catholic clergy

What color vestments are worn by the Catholic clergy (Roman rite) during Mass, and what is their significance?
4
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1answer
46 views

In light of Catholic Teaching, what is the Catholic explanation of “But who can discern his errors? Clear thou me from hidden faults.” [Ps 19:12]

From my understanding of Catholic Teaching on sin, a person commits sin when they choose deliberately - that is, both knowing it and willing it - something [gravely] contrary to the divine law and to ...
9
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1answer
222 views

Why did the pope say gender is a property of essence?

In his 2012 Christmas address, Pope Benedict XVI said: According to the biblical creation account, being created by God as male and female pertains to the essence of the human creature. The ...
3
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2answers
129 views

Is interpreting Noah's flood as a civilization-wide event compatible with Roman Catholicism?

I heard an idea a while back that perhaps the flood described in the Old Testament wasn't necessarily a global, worldwide flood, but that it was a worldwide flood in a human civilization sense. In ...
8
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2answers
15k views

Does the Roman Catholic church recognize marriages outside of the church?

I'm curious about the status of marriages performed outside the auspices of the church. For example, if a non Catholic converts to the Roman church, but was married beforehand, does it "count". Based ...
3
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2answers
315 views

Why does the Roman Catholic church allow girls to serve the altar?

I once knew a classmate who told me that she belonged to the Coptic Orthodox church. Out of curiosity, I asked her whether she had ever served the altar, because I figured that serving the altar was ...
4
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1answer
230 views

In Catholicism, what can the Saints be patrons of?

St. Patrick is known for evangelizing Ireland. Since most saints I hear of are also characterized as "the Patron Saint of X", I wondered what Patrick was the Patron of. According to the wikipedia ...
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1answer
137 views

Are Russian Orthodox Christians considered heretics by Roman Catholicism?

I heard that Russian Orthodox Christians are considered heretics by Catholics. Are there any official Catholic doctrines, documents or quotes that deny or confirm this statement?
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3answers
800 views

Does the Catholic Church consider abortion to be murder?

As a Catholic, I know that I am accountable to a higher law than human/positive law. The natural moral law is the guiding force behind the formation of my conscience and if human laws are not in ...
7
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1answer
89 views

Which Catholic theologians say that Purgatory is a “fiery moment”?

I was watching a video interview of NT Wright about life after death, in which he makes a statement that: Some Roman Catholic theologians now say that that's actually what Purgatory is actually ...
3
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1answer
118 views

Does St. Gertrude's prayer have any (semi-)official standing in the Catholic Church?

I'd like to know if there was any official or unofficial statement given by the Roman Catholic Church on the St. Gertrude's prayer that saves 1000 souls from purgatory? Is there even any record from ...