2
votes
2answers
120 views

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads?

How do Catholics and Eastern Orthodox justify their clergy praying with those big hats on their heads in the face of this scripture? 1 Cor 11:3-4 But I would have you know, that the head of every ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

How can there be free will if God is all knowing? [duplicate]

This is a question with which I have struggled. If God knows the future and all our actions then we do not have any choice in what we do, all is predetermined. So what is the answer to this ?
3
votes
3answers
147 views

Were a lot of 'Christians' in the past not Christians at all? [closed]

The intent of this question is not to define 'what is a true Christian?', but to ask: Given that each tradition has it's own well-defined understanding of what being a Christian means, how do they ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

Where within Biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials?

Where within biblical Scripture does it mention anything similar to the official Catholic and/or Orthodox church's hierarchy of church officials? Catholic and/or Orthodox church's may point to (2 ...
4
votes
3answers
106 views

What is the Difference between a Heretic and a Schismatic, according Catholic and Orthodox tradition?

(This question is aimed at the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox perspective only) What is the difference between a heretic and a schismatic, and what are the soteriological consequences of each?
3
votes
1answer
174 views

How do Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians evangelize?

If you have been to a public university or college campus in the USA, then you may have seen a live, theatrical performance of street evangelism. Sometimes, the preacher may give his (yes, the ...
5
votes
1answer
220 views

Why Origen is considered a Church Father but not a saint?

Why Origen is considered a father of the church but not a saint by the Roman Catholic / Eastern Orthodox Church? I've heard and read in "Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern ...
5
votes
1answer
150 views

Do Eastern Orthodoxy or Roman Catholicism say anything about the Lutheran idea of the communication of attributes?

The "communication of attributes" (communicatio idiomatum) is the idea in Christianity that what can be said of one of Christ's natures can be said of his person. But Lutheranism, in a doctrine termed ...
3
votes
4answers
7k views

Difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox

What is the difference between Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox in Christian religion? Kindly explain. Thanks in advance :)
5
votes
4answers
199 views

Do Christians still make icons?

Do Christians still make icons? Typically, it's easy to find Christian icons from the Middle Ages. But are there any Christian icons in the modern age?
6
votes
1answer
363 views

What is the strongest argument against the Eastern Orthodox view/rejection of the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception?

I am discussing and debating the various sublte doctrinal differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy with a very close anonymous friend of mine. One question I've asked is, "How do ...
8
votes
1answer
231 views

When Did Catholics Cease to Fast as the Orthodox Do?

From what I understand, the Western and Eastern churches fasted identically for a long time: Wednesday and Friday, and the entirety of Lent. Is this untrue? If not, when and why did the Catholics ...
5
votes
1answer
301 views

How young do children start to receive communion regularly in Eastern Catholic/Orthodox churches?

I know that in the Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic churches communion is given to infants at baptism along with chrismation. What about after that? Do they continue all throughout childhood, or ...
6
votes
1answer
208 views

Where did the Petrine title of “First Among Equals” originate?

Contrary to the Roman Catholic assertion that Peter and his successors are the Supreme Pontiff, the Orthodox Catholic Churches assert that Peter and his successors hold the honorary title of the First ...
6
votes
1answer
249 views

To whom do the Eastern Orthodox Church's believe the “Keys to the Kingdom” were given by Jesus?

"I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” (Matthew 16:19) This is ...
5
votes
2answers
224 views

How do Orthodox Bishops and theologians view the Church Fathers' definition of the word “catholic?”

While perusing the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) website I came across this question. I fully understand what the word catholic by itself means. Orthodox Christians (like many liturgical ...
11
votes
1answer
317 views

When did the Orthodox and Catholic Churches distinguish the manner in which the Sign of the Cross was to be made?

From a comment on What is the role of “Sign of the cross” gesture in Catholicism?, it was noted that Catholics make the Sign of the Cross by starting at the top, going to the left and then right, ...
8
votes
1answer
655 views

Does Roman Catholic Church recognize some Eastern Orthodox Saints?

I heard that in some of Catholic churches (I mean parishes) in Europe there are icons of Russian Saints, such as Seraphim of Sarov, for example (may be I'm wrong, I personally haven't seen this). So ...
-1
votes
1answer
380 views

Why Christians wear some elaborate costumes which sometimes outshine those of the pre-Christian epoch? [closed]

What is the need to use elaborate costumes at services and on other occasions? Costumes of some Christian confessions much outshine those of some other religions, including the pre-Christian ones. ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

Were Catholics originally offended by the Sacred Heart?

According to a comment by Mr. Hayword, the Sacred Heart was something which was originally opposed in Catholicism, but I have not found clear evidence of this, only a citation of an Anglican who cites ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Is Roman Catholic reconciliation with the Orthodox likely (or possible)?

I have consistently heard rumors that the Orthodox and the Roman Catholics will be reconciling at some point (at least to the point of Catholics being able to receive Orthodox sacraments). Sometimes ...
6
votes
2answers
276 views

What is the earliest record of using icons to worship God in the Catholic or Orthodox traditions?

The question is as simple as the title. I am simply wondering, ‘When is the earliest recorded date of this tradition?’
-1
votes
3answers
536 views

Did the Jews use icons and images to help them worship as Catholics or Orthodox worshipper do?

I understand that some worshippers use icons to 'lift up their minds from earthly things to the heavenly things'? I am not interested about those using them as stage-props for a play (in comparison), ...
16
votes
4answers
618 views

Are Catholics like pagans, in Evangelical vision?

This question is based on my personal experience. Some time ago I had a discussion with a friend of mine who's an evangelical pastor. In a very subtle way, he was asserting that I actually believe ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Has the matter of salvation - whether it is by works or by faith alone - ever been considered on any councils of the Catholic and Orthodox churches?

Prior to Luther's Reformation, has the matter of salvation - whether it is by works or by faith alone - ever been considered on any councils of the Catholic and Orthodox churches?
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Why did Rome and Constantinople split in 1054 AD?

The Great Schism represents the break between the Eastern and Western churches. I know that a primary bone contention that the East had with the West was Rome's insistence on Papal Supremacy. My ...
8
votes
2answers
893 views

Orthodox churches recognized by Catholic Church

Which Orthodox churches are recognized by the Catholic church? Are there any churches older than the split that are not recognized by the Catholic Church and that are still active? Edit: "recognize" ...
11
votes
1answer
454 views

How do the Catholic and Orthodox views of original sin differ?

While reading about original sin, I often read that the Catholic and Orthodox churches disagree on the doctrine of original sin. But as far as I can tell, they both reject the idea that mankind ...
9
votes
1answer
207 views

How is spiritual progress described in eastern monastic traditions?

Catholic church has a long monastic history, and there are excellent exponents of spiritual progress whose concepts are used even today. Take Theresa of Avila's "interior castle" or Juan de la Cruz' ...
9
votes
2answers
446 views

What is the biblical basis for and against the “filioque”?

In order to contextualize the question I add the following quote from the wikipedia article concerning Filioque clause: Filioque, Latin for "and (from) the Son", is a phrase found in the form of ...