A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
2answers
88 views

What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
13
votes
1answer
330 views

Why is the Gospel of Thomas considered heretical by Nicene Christians?

I've seen in a few places the Gospel of Thomas described as Gnostic and thus heretical. I've seen people dismiss it as heretical but never going into the details of why that is the case. Why is the ...
7
votes
1answer
163 views

Harmony in the pseudepigraphal writings?

It is not uncommon when talking to someone about the authenticity or composition of the Biblical canon to for the subject of the so-called "lost" gospels to be brought up. An explanation of the ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

What explanations have scholars proposed for the rejection of the Didache from the Canon?

The Didache (full text) is an early Christian document giving advice on various "practical matters" such as how to baptize, when to fast, how to celebrate the Lord's Supper, etc. It's hard to date, ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the canon, while rejecting other decisions of the Roman Church?

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the current canon of scripture but reject many of the other decisions made by the Roman Church at the time the Bible was being canonized? Take the Council ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
3
votes
2answers
276 views

Sources on Historical Reliability of the New Testament

Unlike many of the other great religions of the world - Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, even Judaism to some extent - Christianity is founded not on a philosophy or a metaphysical idea, but on an ...
8
votes
1answer
189 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
-1
votes
2answers
198 views

Why did the mid-early church consider the Gospel of Matthew to be reliable?

The Gospel of Matthew is now considered to be important, however the 1st century and 2nd century references to it are surprisingly confusing and sparse. Which authors in the 1st and 2nd century ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What exactly was the purpose of the Council of Nicea?

I heard recently in a bible study class on "How we got the Bible", that the Council of Nicea is not actually responsible for the compilation of the complete, canon biblical texts. I had always thought ...
9
votes
6answers
7k views

Why is the Song of Solomon in bible?

Can someone explain what the song is all about? I read it and found out that the characters are not husband and wife. I want to understand the context in which the poem is written and a gist of the ...
17
votes
1answer
559 views

Why was Martin Luther attempting to change the canon?

While researching an answer to a different question, I found that Martin Luther attempted to remove Hebrews, James, Jude and Revelation from the Bible. What was his purpose in removing these four ...
10
votes
1answer
98 views

How does the LDS Church decide what is included in their scriptural canon?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has four "Standard Works" that are considered canonical: The Bible (Old and New Testaments) The Book of Mormon The Doctrine and Covenants The Pearl of ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Martin Luther ever remove books from the New Testament canon? [duplicate]

Is it true that Luther removed James, Jude, and Revelation from the New Testament? If this is true then what were his reasons for doing so?
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

How do we know that the Bible is of God? [closed]

I have trouble accepting that the Bible - specifically the New Testament - in its current form is of God, as it was put together and decided upon by man, who is inherently flawed. Why have we ...
31
votes
4answers
2k views

How were the books of the New Testament chosen?

I'm interested in finding out: what the process of choosing the books of the New Testament was, when did it occur, who did the choosing, and what are the supporting evidences
7
votes
2answers
115 views

Is there a scriptural basis for treating the non-Gospel books of the New Testament as scripture?

Without citing any books of the New Testament besides the Gospels as evidence (since that would be self-referential), is there a scriptural basis (either in the Gospels or in the Old Testament) for ...
22
votes
4answers
82k views

Why is the Book of Enoch not regarded as canonical?

A short section of 1 Enoch (1 En 1:9) is quoted in the New Testament (Letter of Jude 1:14-15), and is there attributed to "Enoch the Seventh from Adam" (1 En 60:8). It is argued that all the ...
6
votes
2answers
233 views

Are there books that are included in the Protestant Bible that were disputed as canonical?

The topic of how the Bible was compiled, including the determining factors for which books are included is well-documented. There were some basic criteria as listed at ...
8
votes
3answers
22k views

In what order were the books in the New Testament written?

I'm just curious as to the actual timeline and known dates of the New Testament books. I know the version fo the Bible I read had the letters from Paul ordered by their size, and not when they were ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Do any Protestant denominations organize a canon starting from a collection of books other than the Roman Catholic Church's canon?

It is my understanding that most Protestant groups recognise a 66 book canon which is entirely a subset of the Roman Catholic canon and which was developed by removing the so-called apocrypha from the ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What deuterocanonical books are quoted in the New Testament?

When talking with a Catholic friend (I'm a Protestant) about the apocrypha/deuterocanonical books, it occurred to me that a possible argument for their inclusion in the Canon would be their authority, ...
8
votes
1answer
379 views

Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
15
votes
2answers
259 views

Why do Pentecostals believe in a closed canon?

Pentecostals believe the gift of prophecy continues to the present day. From what I understand, most Christians believe the gift of prophecy is what enabled the writers of Scripture to write ...
6
votes
1answer
226 views

What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed?

Related: What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed? Most people are familiar with the warning in the Book of Revelation: "And if any man shall take away from the words of the ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

When did the idea of a scriptural “canon” originate?

This question What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed? made me wonder: 1) When did the idea of a canon originate? I would suppose this should be quite early, and Jews ...
-3
votes
2answers
271 views

How should we call a book with New Testament and Psalms? [closed]

I have seen some smaller version of the Bible(?), containing only New Testament and Psalms. Some have Proverbs also. What name should we give to such a book? A mini Bible? New Testament Bible?
14
votes
2answers
654 views

What works do the LDS Church recognize as Scripture?

I understand the LDS Church recognizes the Book of Mormon and the Old and New Testaments as well. What other works are also considered Scripture? Any Apocryphal works? Doctrines and Covenants?
-3
votes
2answers
151 views

Why are the letters and psalms and such considered God's Word if they are written by fallible men? [closed]

The Psalms was written by David and others, Proverbs, song of Solomon and several other books in the Old Testament; were written various people as well as letters in the New Testament were written by ...
15
votes
3answers
17k views

How long did it take to form the Biblical canon?

How long did it take to collect all of the writings that eventually formed the first version of the Bible? In other words, starting with when the first writing was created (I'll say when it was ...
7
votes
2answers
138 views

When did the idea start that divine revelation is “finished”?

When did the idea start that divine revelation to the church ceased? Or in other words, the idea that no more scripture is going to be revealed than is already in the Bible (or in tradition passed on ...
9
votes
3answers
13k views

Did Jesus perform miracles as a child?

I heard that there are some early books which tell of Jesus performing some miracles when he was a child. What are those books? And what are the miracles described in those books? Are descriptions ...
26
votes
3answers
5k views

How do Mormons interpret the warning in Revelation about adding to the book?

How do Mormons interpret the following passage and justify the addition of the Book of Mormon to the canon of scripture? Revelation 22:18-19 (NIV) 18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are the books of the Protestant Bible in the order that they are in?

I am curious why the books of the Protestant Bible are in the order that they are in? Someone told me they thought the books were in some sort of chronological order - is that true? (I know the ...
10
votes
1answer
8k views

How many 'Books' never made it to the Bible (Old and New Testament)?

Alternatively: How many books were included in early Bible compilations and then later removed? A book in the bible, to my understanding, is one of the many named divisions in the Old and New ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

Why are some of the Psalms written by authors other than David?

Why are many Psalms attributed to authors other than David? I read through Psalms and tried to figure it out but I just can't find it.
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed?

Some religions claim to have a newer revelation of God: the Book of Mormon and the Qur'an are presented to be the latest revelation of God. The Old Testament closes with a climax of expectation of ...
3
votes
0answers
34 views

What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are they not part of the Bible? [duplicate]

Lately, I have been hearing a lot about the Gnostic Gospels and their more (relatively) unorthodox references to Jesus and a believers relationship to God. What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

When was the Biblical canon formalised?

When was the Biblical canon formalised and finalised? 397, 419 or a different date? Do different branches of Christianity state that the canon was formalised at different times? Are there branches ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Why are certain Books Excluded from the Canon? [duplicate]

I trust the current Biblical canon, but I was researching Biblical evidence against Purgatory when I came across a Catholic blog that used the book of II Maccabees as evidence. That got me thinking: ...
13
votes
1answer
262 views

To what extent should the Apostles' speech be considered infallible?

It is my understanding that all known writings of the Apostles are considered infallible and are Canonical. However, I am unclear as to what extent recorded speech of the Apostles should be ...
2
votes
1answer
257 views

When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
13
votes
2answers
426 views

How much variation is in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament?

Is there a difference in the Hebrew between the earliest Old Testament books and the relatively newer books? In other words: are there linguistic differences (syntax, grammar, word usage) in older ...
16
votes
1answer
3k views

Why doesn't the Catholic Bible include all books from Septuagint?

The Catholic Bible (as opposed to the Protestant Bible) includes the so-called deuterocanonical books. It's commonly simply stated that the books in Septuagint are included in the Catholic canon. ...
4
votes
1answer
205 views

Could there be a “Newer” Testament? If so, how would it become canonical?

Could there possibly ever be a new set of books added to the Bible which have modern stories and rules for future generations? Such as a book describing internet etiquette - which isn't so far out of ...
4
votes
3answers
313 views

When scripture quotes a non-biblical source, without any opposition of the source, does it imply any endorsement?

In addition to alluding to various Jewish proverbs, sayings, and parables, sometimes the Bible seems to directly quote Greek philosophers (Acts 17:28), Jewish oral traditions (Jude 9, 12) or possibly ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Why were Deuterocanonical books rejected in the Reformation?

The Deuterocanonical books were included in the Septuagint, but not the Hebrew Bible. They are mostly included in the Catholic Old Testament, but not in the Protestant one. I understand the choice ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Is it true that the Protestants have 66 books of the Bible, but Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians have 73 books? [duplicate]

I was reading a blog (http://philliphowell.wordpress.com/2013/07/25/answering-muslim-objections-to-the-bible/#more-2893) and I came across this sentence that rather bothers me: "Protestants have 66 ...