A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

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Was defining the New Testament originally condemned as heresy?

This BBC documentary describes how during the first two centuries, scriptures about Jesus circulated without any author mentioned in them. It then goes on to suggest that actually writing down a New ...
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What denominations consider Apocrypha to be heretical?

Over several years I have asked several pastors and preachers of differing denominations to comment on some books considered to be Apocrypha. Most generally my question was ignored, but on a couple of ...
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What is the Orthodox canon?

What books does the Orthodox Bible contain? Additionally, when was this settled (if it is settled) and how was it decided?
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Is the Catholic canonized Bible closed?

Traditionally most Christians hold that the Biblical Canon has been closed because of the end of the Apostolic era. But if the Pope speaks from "Ex Cathedra", isn't that stating his teaching is ...
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What is the status of 1 Enoch for Western Christians? [duplicate]

If the status of 1 Enoch within a legitimate Christian communion such as the Ethiopian Church is authoritative, how should Protestants regard this within the Western 66 book canon?
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What writings are held as “biblical canon” by Swedenborgians?

Reading an article on Emanuel Swedenborg, I came across the following fact: It should be noted, however, that Corinthians is not included in the list of books that, according to Swedenborg, ...
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What books did Calvin consider canonical?

Sometimes it seems that much is made of Calvin's collections of commentaries and sermons not including certain books that are in the Protestant canon (Ruth, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, ...
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202 views

Why is Ephesians after Galatians?

It's pretty well-known that the Pauline epistles in modern copies of the New Testament are generally ordered according to length.1 Of the epistles written to churches, Romans is longest and first, ...
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What is the evidence that the New Testament authors believed, or did not believe, that they were writing an inspired record?

The term "canon" is used to describe the collection of books that are considered by Christians to be divinely inspired, and therefore to belong in the Bible. (See: How and when was the canon of the ...
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What explanations have scholars proposed for the rejection of the Didache from the Canon?

The Didache (full text) is an early Christian document giving advice on various "practical matters" such as how to baptize, when to fast, how to celebrate the Lord's Supper, etc. It's hard to date, ...
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Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the canon, while rejecting other decisions of the Roman Church?

Why do Protestants accept the inerrancy of the current canon of scripture but reject many of the other decisions made by the Roman Church at the time the Bible was being canonized? Take the Council ...
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278 views

Why did the mid-early church consider the Gospel of Matthew to be reliable?

The Gospel of Matthew is now considered to be important, however the 1st century and 2nd century references to it are surprisingly confusing and sparse. Which authors in the 1st and 2nd century ...
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Why were none of the Apostolic fathers' writings included in the last canon accepted in the Ecumenical Councils?

Why is it so that none of the Apostolic fathers' writings was included in the last canon accepted during the time of the Seven Ecumenical Councils? By the "last canon" I mean the one that we have ...
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How does the LDS Church decide what is included in their scriptural canon?

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has four "Standard Works" that are considered canonical: The Bible (Old and New Testaments) The Book of Mormon The Doctrine and Covenants The Pearl of ...
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Is there a scriptural basis for treating the non-Gospel books of the New Testament as scripture?

Without citing any books of the New Testament besides the Gospels as evidence (since that would be self-referential), is there a scriptural basis (either in the Gospels or in the Old Testament) for ...
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Do any Protestant denominations organize a canon starting from a collection of books other than the Roman Catholic Church's canon?

It is my understanding that most Protestant groups recognise a 66 book canon which is entirely a subset of the Roman Catholic canon and which was developed by removing the so-called apocrypha from the ...
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Why do Pentecostals believe in a closed canon?

Pentecostals believe the gift of prophecy continues to the present day. From what I understand, most Christians believe the gift of prophecy is what enabled the writers of Scripture to write ...
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When did the idea of a scriptural “canon” originate?

This question What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed? made me wonder: 1) When did the idea of a canon originate? I would suppose this should be quite early, and Jews ...
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What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is NOT closed?

Related: What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed? Most people are familiar with the warning in the Book of Revelation: "And if any man shall take away from the words of the ...
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Why do Protestants trust what Paul and Luke wrote 100%?

This has always been a big question for me. I can understand that many Christians believe there is good evidence for the resurrection of Jesus, and that gives a basis for their faith in the teaching ...
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Why are the letters and psalms and such considered God's Word if they are written by fallible men? [closed]

The Psalms was written by David and others, Proverbs, song of Solomon and several other books in the Old Testament; were written various people as well as letters in the New Testament were written by ...
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When did the idea start that divine revelation is “finished”?

When did the idea start that divine revelation to the church ceased? Or in other words, the idea that no more scripture is going to be revealed than is already in the Bible (or in tradition passed on ...
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Why is the Gospel of Thomas considered heretical by Nicene Christians?

I've seen in a few places the Gospel of Thomas described as Gnostic and thus heretical. I've seen people dismiss it as heretical but never going into the details of why that is the case. Why is the ...
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Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
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Why are some of the Psalms written by authors other than David? [closed]

Why are many Psalms attributed to authors other than David? I read through Psalms and tried to figure it out but I just can't find it.
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Why are certain Books Excluded from the Canon? [duplicate]

I trust the current Biblical canon, but I was researching Biblical evidence against Purgatory when I came across a Catholic blog that used the book of II Maccabees as evidence. That got me thinking: ...
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What exactly was the purpose of the Council of Nicea?

I heard recently in a bible study class on "How we got the Bible", that the Council of Nicea is not actually responsible for the compilation of the complete, canon biblical texts. I had always thought ...
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When was the Biblical canon formalised?

When was the Biblical canon formalised and finalised? 397, 419 or a different date? Do different branches of Christianity state that the canon was formalised at different times? Are there branches ...
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Why is Mark not the first gospel?

We all know that Mark was the first gospel ever written. Why then is it that when the New Testament was compiled, Mark was not listed as the first book in the New Testament? What are the reasons that ...
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What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
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How should we call a book with New Testament and Psalms? [closed]

I have seen some smaller version of the Bible(?), containing only New Testament and Psalms. Some have Proverbs also. What name should we give to such a book? A mini Bible? New Testament Bible?
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What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are they not part of the Bible? [duplicate]

Lately, I have been hearing a lot about the Gnostic Gospels and their more (relatively) unorthodox references to Jesus and a believers relationship to God. What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are ...
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Could there be a “Newer” Testament? If so, how would it become canonical?

Could there possibly ever be a new set of books added to the Bible which have modern stories and rules for future generations? Such as a book describing internet etiquette - which isn't so far out of ...
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When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
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Harmony in the pseudepigraphal writings?

It is not uncommon when talking to someone about the authenticity or composition of the Biblical canon to for the subject of the so-called "lost" gospels to be brought up. An explanation of the ...
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Did Martin Luther ever remove books from the New Testament canon? [duplicate]

Is it true that Luther removed James, Jude, and Revelation from the New Testament? If this is true then what were his reasons for doing so?
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Does specific authorship of a given book of the Bible “matter”? [closed]

Based on a variety of previous questions, it seems that specific authorship of many parts of the Bible are not known for sure. For example (though I realize there are traditions of who wrote what): ...
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Do any denominations have a positon on the doctrinal value of Job's friends?

The book of Job is a beautiful and inspirational book of scripture with some of the clearest teachings on God's power, the nature of life, the beauty and worth of the Earth, and other important ...
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The use of the term “scripture” in the Christian Bible [duplicate]

Something I've been curious about for some time. There is a verse stating that "scripture" is the inerrant word of the Christian god: "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, ...
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Did Jesus perform miracles as a child?

I heard that there are some early books which tell of Jesus performing some miracles when he was a child. What are those books? And what are the miracles described in those books? Are descriptions ...
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Were the councils of the 4th and 5th centuries primarily to deal with Apocryphal writings?

Were the Apocryphal writings the primary motivation behind the cannons and councils of the 4th and 5th centuries or were there other motivations? Did the ancient church leaders cite their reasons for ...
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What is the Authenticity of Bible? [closed]

I have heard many arguments and debates on the authenticity of bible. But everyone involved was just putting forward his or her own opinions/suggestions. I would like to know a little more about this ...
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When scripture quotes a non-biblical source, without any opposition of the source, does it imply any endorsement?

In addition to alluding to various Jewish proverbs, sayings, and parables, sometimes the Bible seems to directly quote Greek philosophers (Acts 17:28), Jewish oral traditions (Jude 9, 12) or possibly ...
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Are there books that are included in the Protestant Bible that were disputed as canonical?

The topic of how the Bible was compiled, including the determining factors for which books are included is well-documented. There were some basic criteria as listed at ...
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Two Editions of Pelikan's “Whose Bible Is It?”

Yaroslav Pelikan's final book "Whose Bible Is It?" has two editions. The first edition came out in 2005 and was sub-titled "A History of the Scriptures Through the Ages." The second edition came out ...
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Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
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Why is the Song of Solomon in bible?

Can someone explain what the song is all about? I read it and found out that the characters are not husband and wife. I want to understand the context in which the poem is written and a gist of the ...
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In what order were the books in the New Testament written?

I'm just curious as to the actual timeline and known dates of the New Testament books. I know the version fo the Bible I read had the letters from Paul ordered by their size, and not when they were ...
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How many 'Books' never made it to the Bible (Old and New Testament)?

Alternatively: How many books were included in early Bible compilations and then later removed? A book in the bible, to my understanding, is one of the many named divisions in the Old and New ...
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What was the New Testament in the ancient Church of the East?

Which books functioned as the New Testament in the ancient Church of the East? For example, what would they have been in Mongolia in the days of Genghis Khan? The books of the Catholic and Protestant ...