Tagged Questions

A biblical canon is a list of books considered to be authoritative as scripture by a particular religious community.

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When did the idea start that divine revelation is “finished”?

When did the idea start that divine revelation to the church ceased? Or in other words, the idea that no more scripture is going to be revealed than is already in the Bible (or in tradition passed on ...
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1answer
170 views

Modern Book of Jasher - Genuine?

I've been reading the book of Jasher (supposedly the one quoted in the book of Samuel) and its quite amazing. But I ask - what is the proof or lack of proof on it's authenticity? There are however a ...
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Why are some of the Psalms written by authors other than David?

Why are many Psalms attributed to authors other than David? I read through Psalms and tried to figure it out but I just can't find it.
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Why are certain Books Excluded from the Canon? [duplicate]

I trust the current Biblical canon, but I was researching Biblical evidence against Purgatory when I came across a Catholic blog that used the book of II Maccabees as evidence. That got me thinking: ...
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339 views

What exactly was the purpose of the Council of Nicea?

I heard recently in a bible study class on "How we got the Bible", that the Council of Nicea is not actually responsible for the compilation of the complete, canon biblical texts. I had always thought ...
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1answer
84 views

When was the Biblical canon formalised?

When was the Biblical canon formalised and finalised? 397, 419 or a different date? Do different branches of Christianity state that the canon was formalised at different times? Are there branches ...
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63 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
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2answers
128 views

Can we call the New Testament with Psalm, a Bible? [closed]

Some Bibles are very small, containing only New Testament and Psalm. Some have Proverbs also. What is the reason for making such a Bible which has just 28 or 29 books? Can we really call this a ...
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0answers
30 views

What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are they not part of the Bible? [duplicate]

Lately, I have been hearing a lot about the Gnostic Gospels and their more (relatively) unorthodox references to Jesus and a believers relationship to God. What are the Gnostic Gospels and why are ...
4
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1answer
141 views

Could there be a “Newer” Testament? If so, how would it become canonical?

Could there possibly ever be a new set of books added to the Bible which have modern stories and rules for future generations? Such as a book describing internet etiquette - which isn't so far out of ...
3
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1answer
180 views

When did the insertion of title-page for Old Testament and New Testament started?

All the Bible I have seen have title-pages for both New Testament and Old Testament. There is always a dedicated page just before the Book of Genesis with the title "The Old Testament" which indicates ...
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21 views

Is it true that the Protestants have 66 books of the Bible, but Roman Catholics and Orthodox Christians have 73 books? [duplicate]

I was reading a blog (http://philliphowell.wordpress.com/2013/07/25/answering-muslim-objections-to-the-bible/#more-2893) and I came across this sentence that rather bothers me: "Protestants have 66 ...
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1answer
126 views

Harmony in the pseudepigraphal writings?

It is not uncommon when talking to someone about the authenticity or composition of the Biblical canon to for the subject of the so-called "lost" gospels to be brought up. An explanation of the ...
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1answer
1k views

Did Martin Luther ever remove books from the New Testament canon?

Is it true that Luther removed James, Jude, and Revelation from the New Testament? If this is true then what were his reasons for doing so?
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1answer
134 views

Does specific authorship of a given book of the Bible “matter”? [closed]

Based on a variety of previous questions, it seems that specific authorship of many parts of the Bible are not known for sure. For example (though I realize there are traditions of who wrote what): ...
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2answers
91 views

Do any denominations have a positon on the doctrinal value of Job's friends?

The book of Job is a beautiful and inspirational book of scripture with some of the clearest teachings on God's power, the nature of life, the beauty and worth of the Earth, and other important ...
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The use of the term “scripture” in the Christian Bible [duplicate]

Something I've been curious about for some time. There is a verse stating that "scripture" is the inerrant word of the Christian god: "All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, ...
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3answers
8k views

Did Jesus perform miracles as a child?

I heard that there are some early books which tell of Jesus performing some miracles when he was a child. What are those books? And what are the miracles described in those books? Are descriptions ...
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1answer
161 views

Were the councils of the 4th and 5th centuries primarily to deal with Apocryphal writings?

Were the Apocryphal writings the primary motivation behind the cannons and councils of the 4th and 5th centuries or were there other motivations? Did the ancient church leaders cite their reasons for ...
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1answer
314 views

What is the Authenticity of Bible? [closed]

I have heard many arguments and debates on the authenticity of bible. But everyone involved was just putting forward his or her own opinions/suggestions. I would like to know a little more about this ...
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3answers
274 views

When scripture quotes a non-biblical source, without any opposition of the source, does it imply any endorsement?

In addition to alluding to various Jewish proverbs, sayings, and parables, sometimes the Bible seems to directly quote Greek philosophers (Acts 17:28), Jewish oral traditions (Jude 9, 12) or possibly ...
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1answer
151 views

Are there books that are included in the Protestant Bible that were disputed as canonical?

The topic of how the Bible was compiled, including the determining factors for which books are included is well-documented. There were some basic criteria as listed at ...
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1answer
28 views

Two Editions of Pelikan's “Whose Bible Is It?”

Yaroslav Pelikan's final book "Whose Bible Is It?" has two editions. The first edition came out in 2005 and was sub-titled "A History of the Scriptures Through the Ages." The second edition came out ...
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3answers
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What does “scripture” mean in NT writing?

This is slightly a take-off from: What does it mean that all scripture is God-Breathed? The Bible as we know it today wasn't canonized and compiled into a single volume until much later. In ...
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4answers
950 views

Were the Gospels considered Scripture when the rest of the New Testament was written?

When the New Testament was written1, were the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John already considered Scripture? 1 Acts - Revelation. Obviously there is overlap in when these were written (they are ...
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2answers
12k views

In what order were the books in the New Testament written?

I'm just curious as to the actual timeline and known dates of the New Testament books. I know the version fo the Bible I read had the letters from Paul ordered by their size, and not when they were ...
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1answer
5k views

How many 'Books' never made it to the Bible (Old and New Testament)?

Alternatively: How many books were included in early Bible compilations and then later removed? A book in the bible, to my understanding, is one of the many named divisions in the Old and New ...
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343 views

Resources to learn about Bible canonization

I am interested in researching the history behind the Bible's canonization. I am particularly interested in writings of early historians, or books that compile facts from these historians in an ...
11
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1answer
191 views

To what extent should the Apostles' speech be considered infallible?

It is my understanding that all known writings of the Apostles are considered infallible and are Canonical. However, I am unclear as to what extent recorded speech of the Apostles should be ...
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2answers
126 views

Are any writings of the Apostles non-Canonical?

Do we have any writings that are reasonably likely to be written by Apostles, but are not included in the Bible?
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3answers
57k views

Why is the Book of Enoch not regarded as canonical?

A short section of 1 Enoch (1 En 1:9) is quoted in the New Testament (Letter of Jude 1:14-15), and is there attributed to "Enoch the Seventh from Adam" (1 En 60:8). It is argued that all the ...
11
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3answers
926 views

Why are the books of the Protestant Bible in the order that they are in?

I am curious why the books of the Protestant Bible are in the order that they are in? Someone told me they thought the books were in some sort of chronological order - is that true? (I know the ...
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2answers
458 views

What works do the LDS Church recognize as Scripture?

I understand the LDS Church recognizes the Book of Mormon and the Old and New Testaments as well. What other works are also considered Scripture? Any Apocryphal works? Doctrines and Covenants?
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172 views

Is there a unique characteristic for all canonical books?

Is there any one unique characteristic that would be common for all the books of the Bible besides being chosen by the Church to be a part of canon? I am interested here in the main-stream Protestant ...
13
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3answers
485 views

Are there “rational” criteria for which books appear in the Bible?

When I looked into "canon criticism" or "canonology" a while back, I came across numerous (alleged) criteria for whether a book is/was included in canon, such as "Old Testament books had to be written ...
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1answer
380 views

Why was Hebrews included in the canon?

Was Hebrews included in the canon solely because it was assumed to be authored by Paul, or was there any other basis for its canonization?
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3answers
222 views

Why haven't we revised the Bible in centuries? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed? Preface: This question is not directed at a specific denomination. Why haven't we revised the Bible in ...
5
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3answers
181 views

Why was Ezra included in the canon?

As a Christian, I know we shouldn't have a "canon within the canon", but I'll admit, I just can't get worked up over Ezra. I love Malachi. I could for a long time on 2 Peter. I can even find stuff ...
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1answer
1k views

What deuterocanonical books are quoted in the New Testament?

When talking with a Catholic friend (I'm a Protestant) about the apocrypha/deuterocanonical books, it occurred to me that a possible argument for their inclusion in the Canon would be their authority, ...
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3answers
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What are the biblical arguments that the Bible canon is closed?

Some religions claim to have a newer revelation of God: the Book of Mormon and the Qur'an are presented to be the latest revelation of God. The Old Testament closes with a climax of expectation of ...
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1answer
439 views

Why was Martin Luther attempting to change the canon?

While researching an answer to a different question, I found that Martin Luther was attempting to remove Hebrews, James, Jude and Revelations from the Bible. What was his purpose in removing these ...
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1answer
2k views

Why doesn't the Catholic Bible include all books from Septuagint?

The Catholic Bible (as opposed to the Protestant Bible) includes the so-called deuterocanonical books. It's commonly simply stated that the books in Septuagint are included in the Catholic canon. ...
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1answer
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Why were Deuterocanonical books rejected in the Reformation?

The Deuterocanonical books were included in the Septuagint, but not the Hebrew Bible. They are mostly included in the Catholic Old Testament, but not in the Protestant one. I understand the choice ...
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3answers
4k views

How do Mormons interpret the warning in Revelation about adding to the book?

How do Mormons interpret the following passage and justify the addition of the Book of Mormon to the canon of scripture? Revelation 22:18-19 (NIV) 18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the ...
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2answers
494 views

When was the OT canon as used by Protestants finalized?

At what date (and/or event) was the Old Testament canon currently recognized by most Protestants finalized? What is the earliest occurrence we have of it being referenced in it's current form and who ...
13
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2answers
359 views

How much variation is in the Hebrew language of the Old Testament?

Is there a difference in the Hebrew between the earliest Old Testament books and the relatively newer books? In other words: are there linguistic differences (syntax, grammar, word usage) in older ...
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2answers
622 views

What is the origin of the Catholic apocrypha?

In the Catholic tradition, several "apocryphal" books are used in addition to the same Old Testament canon used by Protestants. What is the origin of these books and how do they differ from from the ...
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2answers
135 views

Why does the Roman Catholic church consider beatification of the pope?

If the pope is infallible, than what significance does beatifying and canonising him have? They did both to John Paul II, but it seems odd that the church wants to make him a saint, unless I am ...
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4answers
1k views

How were the books of the New Testament chosen?

I'm interested in finding out what the process of choosing the books of the New Testament was, when and who did the choosing