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-3
votes
1answer
78 views

Who was the last valid pope according to the founders of various Protestant sects? [closed]

Who was the last valid pope according to the various founders of Protestant sects (e.g., Luther, Calvin, et al.)?
11
votes
2answers
210 views

Did Calvinism borrow its scheme of predestination from Valentinian Gnosticism?

How does the Calvinist notion of predestination differ from that of the Valentinian Gnostics' predestination? There are several sources outlining the Valentinian Gnostic system (anti-heretic "church ...
5
votes
2answers
356 views

What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin did not believe that Jesus is Michael?

Upon seeing certain statements in John Calvin and John Wesley's writings some have concluded that these men believed Jesus is Michael. What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin ...
11
votes
1answer
559 views

Did Martin Luther think John Calvin is a “son of the devil”?

I read from here (a Chinese website) that Martin Luther called John Calvin a son of the Devil. Now I have never seen this quote anywhere. Did Luther say something like this to Calvin? If yes, why?
4
votes
0answers
68 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
3
votes
3answers
181 views

Would Calvinists classify themselves as determinists?

One of Joseph Arminius' arguments against Calvinism was that God's exhaustive foreknowledge does not require a doctrine of determinism.1 My question here is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists ...
3
votes
1answer
191 views

The Servetus Controversy: What was Calvin's involvement?

I recently watched this YT video that talks about Calvin and Servetus. The "Servetus Controversy" tells of a man named Michael Servetus who was burned at the stake for heresy -- not by Roman Catholic ...