John Calvin (1509-1564) was a French reformer and a prominent Reformed theologian

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
50 views

Did John Calvin believe there was no salvation outside the visible church?

What did John Calvin believe about salvation outside of the church? He writes in book IV of the Institutes: But because it is now our intention to discuss the visible church, let us learn even ...
4
votes
1answer
61 views

What was Calvin's view of capital punishment?

What was John Calvin's position on use of the death penalty? For what offenses did he support its use? Did he support or oppose any particular methods of execution? In what ways did his views change ...
5
votes
2answers
132 views

Did Luther say he “might well have entrusted the whole affair of this [Eucharist] controversy to [Calvin] from the beginning”?

I've seen this quote in various internet discussions, and until recently, was only able to trace it back as far as the 1990s. However, the earliest English version of the story that I can find is from ...
8
votes
1answer
105 views

Who is the John Owen that translated Calvin's Commentary on Romans?

I'm reading John Calvin's commentary on Romans, in English, and it has this inscription on the title page: "Translated and Edited by the Rev. John Owen." Oh, wow, I thought, That's interesting; John ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

If I seek God, does that mean that I MUST be elect, according to Calvinism? [duplicate]

I want to find God, at least I think I do. I struggle with the different interpretations of the path to salvation and even though I don't LIKE the idea of God electing some and giving others ...
5
votes
1answer
188 views

What books did Calvin consider canonical?

Sometimes it seems that much is made of Calvin's collections of commentaries and sermons not including certain books that are in the Protestant canon (Ruth, Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther, ...
6
votes
1answer
107 views

Did John Calvin ever read Thomas Aquinas's Summa Theologica?

I've read in a few places online (here, for example), that John Calvin did not have access to Thomas Aquinas's great treatise, Summa Theologica. This is mind-blowing. Consider: The last edition of ...
10
votes
1answer
286 views

Why did Calvin reject these Catholic doctrines about Mary?

The Catholic Church has a few teachings about the Mother of our Lord that are not accepted by many Protestants. This is not evident in the doctrines of many early Protestant reformers including ...
3
votes
2answers
568 views

Was Calvin a Nestorian?

Was John Calvin a Nestorian? I ask because of the (at least superficial similarity) between the extra calvinisticum and Nestorian thought, and because his theology of the Lord's Supper has ...
9
votes
2answers
471 views

Did Calvinism borrow its scheme of predestination from Valentinian Gnosticism?

How does the Calvinist notion of predestination differ from that of the Valentinian Gnostics' predestination? There are several sources outlining the Valentinian Gnostic system (anti-heretic "church ...
6
votes
2answers
684 views

What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin did not believe that Jesus is Michael?

Upon seeing certain statements in John Calvin and John Wesley's writings some have concluded that these men believed Jesus is Michael. What evidence is there to show that John Wesley and John Calvin ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Did Martin Luther think John Calvin is a “son of the devil”?

I read from here (a Chinese website) that Martin Luther called John Calvin a son of the Devil. Now I have never seen this quote anywhere. Did Luther say something like this to Calvin? If yes, why?
9
votes
1answer
252 views

What does John Calvin mean to imply by the “suffrage” of the church?

In his Institutes of the Christian Religion, John Calvin discusses the idea that the Biblical canon depends on the ratifying action of the Church (Book 1, Chapter 7). He thinks it does not, preferring ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Did John Calvin teach that God creates certain souls only to be destroyed?

From what I understand, Calvin not only taught, but effectively systematized the doctrine of "predestinarianism," which holds that: God for His own glorification, and without any regard to ...
3
votes
3answers
312 views

Would Calvinists classify themselves as determinists?

One of Joseph Arminius' arguments against Calvinism was that God's exhaustive foreknowledge does not require a doctrine of determinism.1 My question here is pretty straightforward: Do Calvinists ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How did Luther and Calvin view Christian perfectionism?

The question is as simple as the title. Some Christians believe we can enter a state without sin. How did Luther and Calvin view that kind of concept?
7
votes
1answer
384 views

What were the reformers' views of biblical inerrancy?

I have never researched but am very curious what views of Biblical Inerrancy did the reformers generally hold, such as Luther and Calvin? I found these description about different kinds of views: ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

The Servetus Controversy: What was Calvin's involvement?

The "Servetus Controversy" tells of a man named Michael Servetus who was burned at the stake for heresy -- not by Roman Catholic Inquisitors, but by Protestants in 16th century Geneva, France. Here ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What did Calvin think about Knox's “Monstrous Regiment”?

Scottish Protestant reformer John Knox (1514-1572) is the author of the work of vile misogyny, The first blast of the trumpet against the monstruous regiment of women (1558). In the book, Knox rails ...
23
votes
1answer
30k views

What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin?

What were the main doctrinal disagreements between Luther and Calvin? Can anybody give an overview, please?