A ritual or symbol of admission to the body of Christians, generally performed by immersion or sprinkling with water.

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Biblical basis for baptism as a prerequisite for salvation

Some people believe that if you have not been baptized, you cannot be saved. Others (including myself) believe that it is merely the outward declaration of what has already happened in the heart. ...
34
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7answers
57k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
25
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5answers
10k views

Interpretation of the scripture “One Lord, one faith, one baptism?”

Ephesians 4:5 states there is "one Lord, one faith, one baptism." Some Christians interpret this to mean that a single denomination (with its beliefs, doctrines, and practices) constitutes the "one ...
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5answers
524 views

What is Baptism of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, and how does it differ from water baptism? Do all Christians experience Baptism of the Holy Spirit? EDIT A few references to Baptisim of the Holy Spirit, or ...
20
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7answers
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Is there any sense in being baptized as an adult after being baptized as an infant?

Around the time I was born, my parents were going to a Lutheran church. As such, I was baptized as an infant. In most cases in the Bible, baptism is connected with receiving the Holy Spirit. If so, ...
20
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12answers
4k views

What happens to unborn, unbaptized babies who die? [closed]

If we accept that unborn babies are human beings and not merely a non-human organism, and further we require baptism as a prerequisite for salvation (using it as justification for infant baptism)... ...
19
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6answers
6k views

Do any major denominations refuse to recognize Holy Baptism in other denominations

Most denominations recognize baptisms in other denominations. (See, for example Eph 4:4-6), "one Lord, one faith, one baptism".) The World Council of Churches Faith and Order Commission published ...
18
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the Biblical basis for withholding communion from believers who are unbaptized?

My home church has a policy of asking non-believers not to participate in communion, but never asks if a believer has yet been baptized. I have visited or attended several other churches where ...
18
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1answer
322 views

Early church writers opposed to the baptism of infants?

In his book On Baptism, Chapter 18, "Of the Persons to Whom, and the Time When, Baptism is to Be Administered," Tertullian says According to the circumstances and disposition, and even age, of ...
17
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3answers
1k views

What is the basis that some Protestants teach the non-necessity of baptism for salvation?

I have heard many Protestants say that "baptism is not necessary for salvation". They follow Paul I guess, who says all works including Baptism or circumcision are optional. But having read the ...
16
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9answers
18k views

What is the Biblical basis for infant baptism?

I've studied the Bible and am a fundamental independent Bible believing Baptist who believes what the scripture says about Baptism is clear. It is an ordinance after salvation, i.e. believers ...
16
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4answers
4k views

Is it true that early Christians were baptised naked?

I was told that people were baptised naked in the early Christian church. Is this true? If so, could you provide references please?
15
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11answers
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If we are saved by grace, then why does Jesus say we must be baptized in both spirit and water?

Ephesians 2:4-9 says: But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace ...
15
votes
3answers
3k views

What traditions espouse infant baptism and why?

What traditions espouse infant baptism and why? In those traditions, why do parents often baptize their children at very young age, and why is this better than giving their children the opportunity ...
15
votes
4answers
11k views

According to the Roman Catholic church, who can baptize a new believer?

As far as I remember, there is no rule in the Bible as to who can baptize a new believer. However, I'm almost certain that sometime in the early history of the Roman Catholic church, someone or some ...
15
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1answer
787 views

Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper?

While reading a book on Reformed theology (The Shorter Westminster Catechism, by G. I. Williamson), I came across a brief criticism of the Salvation Army's views on the sacraments: A very ...
15
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2answers
437 views

How do Protestants interpret “baptized for the dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:29?

1 Corinthians 15:29 (KJV) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? I know that the LDS Church interprets ...
14
votes
7answers
4k views

Into whose name should Christians be baptised? [closed]

Jesus said, "...go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." However, the early church apparently baptised in the name of ...
12
votes
4answers
5k views

What is the significance of Jesus' baptism for a theology of baptism? [closed]

It seems that any robust theology of Christian baptism must incorporate and draw from the fact that Jesus himself was baptized, but I rarely hear it mentioned in discussions about baptism. What place ...
12
votes
2answers
13k views

What is the biblical basis for baptism by sprinkling?

As noted in the other question, there are two modes of water baptism of which I am familiar--immersion and sprinkling. As far as I know Catholics practice sprinkling along with many Protestant ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Why would cold running water be preferred for baptism?

The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (an early Christian text not part of the New Testament) says of baptism (chapter 7): On the subject of baptism, baptise thus: after having taught ...
11
votes
2answers
490 views

Why do Mormons use Trinitarian language in baptism when they explicitly reject Trinitarianism?

In conferring the rite of Baptist, Joseph Smith writes in the Doctrines and Covenants as follows: 73 The person who is called of God and has authority from Jesus Christ to baptize, shall go down ...
11
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2answers
749 views

How much water is necessary for baptism (Catholic perspective)?

In Catholicism, how much water is necessary for someone to be baptized? For example, if the only water present is a single droplet on a leaf, is that sufficient to baptize or is more needed? How ...
11
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3answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis against baptismal regeneration?

Several different denominations teach that water baptism is a prerequisite for (or is essential for) salvation. What is the biblical basis against this teaching?
11
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2answers
2k views

Can a child presented by a same sex couple be validly baptized in the Catholic Church?

In Instrumentum Laboris 2014, the working document for the October 2014 Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in Rome, #120 The Transmission of the Faith to Children in Same Sex ...
11
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3answers
2k views

What name was used by Peter for Baptism?

We know that Jesus gave this command. Matthew 28:19 (NIV) Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

Which Bible verses support adult-only baptism?

I am a Reformed Presbyterian and it seems that for most people I run into, baptism for 'adults' after confession of faith only is the default position. I always find myself fighting an uphill battle ...
10
votes
2answers
481 views

On what do Mormons base their practice of proxy-baptisms on behalf of the dead?

How does the LDS Church define their practice of performing baptisms on behalf of people who have died? I realize there is the following verse, but there seems to be few other Biblical references to ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the Biblical basis for baby dedications?

Many churches do not practice infant baptisms, because they believe that in the Bible baptism is taught to be something done after a person chooses to follow Christ. As an alternative, many of those ...
10
votes
1answer
522 views

What is God's good news before Jesus's death and resurrection?

In Mark 1, we learn about both John's baptism of repentance and Jesus's proclamation that "the time has come. Repent and believe in the good news!" John's baptism And so John the Baptist ...
10
votes
1answer
164 views

What is the purpose of baptism for sola fide adherents?

Sola fide says that works play no part in our salvation. For sola fide adherents, what is the purpose of baptism? Is baptism necessary?
10
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1answer
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Can Catholics choose to be baptized by immersion?

I understand that the most prominent manner in which Catholics are baptized is by pouring. However, I saw somewhere that baptism by immersion is not considered wrong by the Catholic Church. (If this ...
9
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3answers
2k views

What is the Catholic Church's stance on baptism after death?

This came up in a discussion. What is Rome's opinion on baptism after death, or more generally, baptism when a body is not available? We were both pretty sure that the Catholic Church would say such ...
9
votes
1answer
88 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
9
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit (or being filled with the Holy Spirit)? Do these two mean the same? I am open to the different views given by ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for baptism by immersion?

There are two modes of water baptism of which I am familiar--immersion and sprinkling. As far as I know Catholics practice sprinkling along with many Protestant traditions, although many other ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What does it mean that baptism “erases original sin”?

The Catechism of the Catholic Church states regarding original sin: Human nature has not been totally corrupted: it is wounded in the natural powers proper to it, subject to ignorance, suffering ...
9
votes
2answers
375 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
9
votes
3answers
154 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
8
votes
9answers
1k views

Water Baptism - Is it still necessary? [closed]

I have grappled with this for some time. As the forerunner of Christ, John the baptist was baptising people, preparing them for the coming of Christ. After Christ came, he was baptised and commanded ...
8
votes
4answers
373 views

Does infant baptism determine the child's afterlife, according to practitioners?

Among those denominations who practice infant baptism, does baptizing the baby have anything to do with the destination of the infant's soul? Which denominations, if any, believe that Infant Baptism ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Does any church follow the Apostolic Tradition of Baptism ‘in the nude’, or was that never the tradition?

The Apostolic Tradition was the work of Hippolytus, written somewhere between 215 and 400 AD. Recent scholars seem to take the later date (source). The whole writing can be found here: Apostolic ...
8
votes
1answer
326 views

Why do Mormons wait until the age of 8 to baptize their children?

What is the doctrinal basis for this practice?
8
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1answer
715 views

Do I need to be rebaptized to take communion in a Catholic Church if I have no proof of my original baptism?

I was born in a predominantly Catholic country in Latin America and baptized a Roman Catholic, but I have no physical confirmation of my baptism outside of my recollection of my Catholic upbringing (...
8
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6answers
5k views

Why was the Apostle Paul seemingly not that interested in baptizing believers? [closed]

Paul does not seem to put the same importance on baptism as he does on other things: For Christ did not send me to baptize, but to preach the gospel—not with wisdom and eloquence, lest the cross ...
7
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5answers
3k views

If Jesus was sinless then why was he baptized? [duplicate]

If Jesus was sinless what is the biblical bases for needing to be baptized by John? Mark 1:4-5 NIV John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of ...
7
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3answers
180 views

According to the LDS Church, what is the purpose or result of proxy baptisms for those who have already died?

I understand that one of the main works that an LDS member is encouraged to perform is proxy baptism, that is, a baptism on behalf of their ancestors or others who have already died. Another question ...
7
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4answers
383 views

What is the biblical argument against baptism by sprinkling/pouring?

What is the biblical basis for the idea that it is wrong or incorrect to baptize by sprinkling or pouring the water? Growing up as a baptist I heard this all the time. Related, but opposite: What is ...
7
votes
4answers
5k views

Why is Infant Baptism considered to be invalid by so many Protestant denominations?

Catholics and several Protestant denominations (and maybe even Orthodox churches) practice Infant Baptism, while many other Protestant denominations do not. This question addressed the argument for ...
7
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2answers
755 views

Was the Apostolic Tradition of rejecting soldiers from the church ‘permanent’, or was this ‘tradition' briefly enforced?

In the Bible Jesus encounters Roman soldiers but does not tell them to 'quit their day job'. Jesus encountered a centurion with 'great faith' as recorded in Matthew 8. Peter as well baptized a ...