A ritual or symbol of admission to the body of Christians, generally performed by immersion or sprinkling with water.

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Biblical basis for baptism as a prerequisite for salvation

Some people believe that if you have not been baptized, you cannot be saved. Others (including myself) believe that it is merely the outward declaration of what has already happened in the heart. ...
15
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11answers
13k views

If we are saved by grace, then why does Jesus say we must be baptized in both spirit and water?

Ephesians 2:4-9 says: But God, being rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us, even when we were dead in our transgressions, made us alive together with Christ (by grace ...
20
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12answers
4k views

What happens to unborn, unbaptized babies who die? [closed]

If we accept that unborn babies are human beings and not merely a non-human organism, and further we require baptism as a prerequisite for salvation (using it as justification for infant baptism)... ...
10
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2answers
480 views

On what do Mormons base their practice of proxy-baptisms on behalf of the dead?

How does the LDS Church define their practice of performing baptisms on behalf of people who have died? I realize there is the following verse, but there seems to be few other Biblical references to ...
14
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7answers
4k views

Into whose name should Christians be baptised? [closed]

Jesus said, "...go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." However, the early church apparently baptised in the name of ...
16
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9answers
18k views

What is the Biblical basis for infant baptism?

I've studied the Bible and am a fundamental independent Bible believing Baptist who believes what the scripture says about Baptism is clear. It is an ordinance after salvation, i.e. believers ...
34
votes
7answers
57k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
-2
votes
3answers
485 views

Does the Pope have the authority to baptize aliens (martians)?

Does the Pope have the moral authority to baptize martians? Pope Francis says he would baptize aliens.
15
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4answers
11k views

According to the Roman Catholic church, who can baptize a new believer?

As far as I remember, there is no rule in the Bible as to who can baptize a new believer. However, I'm almost certain that sometime in the early history of the Roman Catholic church, someone or some ...
15
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3answers
3k views

What traditions espouse infant baptism and why?

What traditions espouse infant baptism and why? In those traditions, why do parents often baptize their children at very young age, and why is this better than giving their children the opportunity ...
6
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2answers
1k views

What is baptism by Desire?

Again, this is one I've never heard of. Inspired by Peter Turner's comment. If you had a plane full of people's consent to be baptized if they miraculously survived the flight but they died ...
6
votes
1answer
240 views

Is LDS baptism considered valid by the Roman Catholic Church?

Mormons use a Trinitarian formula when baptizing [cf. D&C 20:73]. Yet I've heard that the Catholic Church does not recognize Mormon baptism as valid. When, what, and from whom was the ...
5
votes
1answer
317 views

Is it valid to baptize multiple persons at once?

To take an extreme example, if a person is on a plane that's about to crash, and she wishes to perform a baptism that is valid according to the Catholic Church (and therefore valid according to the ...
22
votes
5answers
523 views

What is Baptism of the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the Baptism of the Holy Spirit, and how does it differ from water baptism? Do all Christians experience Baptism of the Holy Spirit? EDIT A few references to Baptisim of the Holy Spirit, or ...
9
votes
2answers
375 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
20
votes
7answers
21k views

Is there any sense in being baptized as an adult after being baptized as an infant?

Around the time I was born, my parents were going to a Lutheran church. As such, I was baptized as an infant. In most cases in the Bible, baptism is connected with receiving the Holy Spirit. If so, ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

Which Bible verses support adult-only baptism?

I am a Reformed Presbyterian and it seems that for most people I run into, baptism for 'adults' after confession of faith only is the default position. I always find myself fighting an uphill battle ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

What is the Biblical basis for baby dedications?

Many churches do not practice infant baptisms, because they believe that in the Bible baptism is taught to be something done after a person chooses to follow Christ. As an alternative, many of those ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Can Catholics choose to be baptized by immersion?

I understand that the most prominent manner in which Catholics are baptized is by pouring. However, I saw somewhere that baptism by immersion is not considered wrong by the Catholic Church. (If this ...
9
votes
3answers
154 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

If Jesus was sinless then why was he baptized? [duplicate]

If Jesus was sinless what is the biblical bases for needing to be baptized by John? Mark 1:4-5 NIV John did baptize in the wilderness, and preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

What are consequences of not being baptized with water?

Are there any direct consequences to not getting baptized? Whether this person doesn't think it's important, or just doesn't want to, or wants to but just doesn't get around to it, did Jesus or his ...
4
votes
2answers
554 views

In general, in the Protestant branch, who can baptize a new believer?

I know quite well that the plethora of Protestant denominations means that there are almost no universal traditions. However, there are a number of particular traditions or beliefs that are held by ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
19
votes
6answers
6k views

Do any major denominations refuse to recognize Holy Baptism in other denominations

Most denominations recognize baptisms in other denominations. (See, for example Eph 4:4-6), "one Lord, one faith, one baptism".) The World Council of Churches Faith and Order Commission published ...
16
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4answers
4k views

Is it true that early Christians were baptised naked?

I was told that people were baptised naked in the early Christian church. Is this true? If so, could you provide references please?
15
votes
2answers
437 views

How do Protestants interpret “baptized for the dead” in 1 Corinthians 15:29?

1 Corinthians 15:29 (KJV) Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? Why are they then baptized for the dead? I know that the LDS Church interprets ...
12
votes
2answers
13k views

What is the biblical basis for baptism by sprinkling?

As noted in the other question, there are two modes of water baptism of which I am familiar--immersion and sprinkling. As far as I know Catholics practice sprinkling along with many Protestant ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis against baptismal regeneration?

Several different denominations teach that water baptism is a prerequisite for (or is essential for) salvation. What is the biblical basis against this teaching?
10
votes
1answer
522 views

What is God's good news before Jesus's death and resurrection?

In Mark 1, we learn about both John's baptism of repentance and Jesus's proclamation that "the time has come. Repent and believe in the good news!" John's baptism And so John the Baptist ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Does any church follow the Apostolic Tradition of Baptism ‘in the nude’, or was that never the tradition?

The Apostolic Tradition was the work of Hippolytus, written somewhere between 215 and 400 AD. Recent scholars seem to take the later date (source). The whole writing can be found here: Apostolic ...
5
votes
2answers
204 views

Is there any explanation from the early church Fathers as to why there is no record of the Apostles being baptized?

I never really noticed this before but it does seem odd that everyone is to be baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, yet it does not appear that the Apostles were. At least there is ...
5
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1answer
2k views

Is confirmation part of the Presbyterian Church in America (PCA) doctrine?

In my research I have concluded that infant-baptisms and confirmations are practiced in the PCA, however it's not clear whether the latter is a necessary part of PCA doctrine. The clarify, I regard ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula?

Oneness Pentecostals and others who hold to "Jesus-name" (or "Jesus-only") baptism maintain that the trinitarian formula used by Nicene Christians and others is based on a misunderstanding of Matthew ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Does the Roman Catholic church recognize LDS baptisms? [duplicate]

According to some of the answers in this question, the Roman Catholic church recognizes baptisms that use water and follow the Trinitarian formula, even if they are not performed by a Catholic. ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Are there any denominations that baptize ONLY in the Name of Jesus?

From this question, are there any Christian denominations that baptise ONLY in the Name of Jesus and not by the Trinitarian baptismal formula? Would such a baptism be considered valid by those who ...
4
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1answer
1k views

What are the differences between demoninations regarding baptism/confirmation?

Specifically, which churches practice child-baptism but not confirmation? A Brazilian friend recently shocked me by saying that her church does not practice confirmations. The wiki page for Baptism ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to baptismal regeneration?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptismal regeneration? Did they generally subscribe to it or deny it? Related: What did the early church fathers ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

How can Evangelicals link baptism and circumcision without practicing infant baptism? [closed]

This question is a follow-up to this answer. In this particular answer the biblical basis for baptism being non-requisite for salvation is given. Essentially it is a defense of the doctrine that you ...
0
votes
2answers
141 views

Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ ...