A ritual or symbol of admission to the body of Christians, generally performed by immersion or sprinkling with water.

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How do Paedobaptists counter specific arguments regarding one of the key scriptures used to support their doctrine?

I've heard people use Acts 10, Cornelius' household converting, as a means to explain why infant baptism is ok, but when reviewing scripture such as Acts 10:44 -46 I have two issues: where after ...
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0answers
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If baptism into Jesus is into the new covenant, what did Jesus' disciples baptise people into before his death? [closed]

John 4:1-2 describes Jesus' disciples baptising people. Of course we know John baptised for repentance. Now, if the new covenant was inaugurated in Jesus' death and resurrection, and baptism into ...
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9answers
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What is the Biblical basis for infant baptism?

I've studied the Bible and am a fundamental independent Bible believing Baptist who believes what the scripture says about Baptism is clear. It is an ordinance after salvation, i.e. believers ...
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12answers
4k views

What happens to unborn, unbaptized babies who die? [closed]

If we accept that unborn babies are human beings and not merely a non-human organism, and further we require baptism as a prerequisite for salvation (using it as justification for infant baptism)... ...
16
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1answer
825 views

Why does the Salvation Army not administer the sacraments of baptism and the Lord's Supper?

While reading a book on Reformed theology (The Shorter Westminster Catechism, by G. I. Williamson), I came across a brief criticism of the Salvation Army's views on the sacraments: A very ...
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1answer
72 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to baptismal regeneration?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptismal regeneration? Did they generally subscribe to it or deny it? Related: What did the early church fathers ...
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1answer
60 views

Are there gender requirements for Sponsors for a Catholic baptism?

In the Catholic Church, do sponsors for baptism need to be male and female, or are you able to have two females or two males as sponsors?
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4answers
330 views

In John 4:1-3, in whose name were Jesus' disciples' baptizing?

In regards to John 4:1-3, were Jesus' disciples in this passage baptizing with John's baptism? If not, and they were baptizing in the name of Jesus, did the people who receive this baptism have to be ...
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0answers
40 views

Was John Smyth, the earliest Baptist, influenced by the Anabaptists?

John Smyth, according to Bruce Shelley (CHPL, 308) and Wikipedia, was the first of the English Baptists. An Anglican priest, he came to the conclusion that infant baptism was invalid and started a ...
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1answer
88 views

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms?

Are Anabaptists' re-baptisms really conditional baptisms? By "conditional baptism" I mean one whose formula is something like: "If you are not baptized, I baptize thee… etc." In other words: Do ...
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1answer
48 views

How can Evangelicals link baptism and circumcision without practicing infant baptism? [closed]

This question is a follow-up to this answer. In this particular answer the biblical basis for baptism being non-requisite for salvation is given. Essentially it is a defense of the doctrine that you ...
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3answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis against baptismal regeneration?

Several different denominations teach that water baptism is a prerequisite for (or is essential for) salvation. What is the biblical basis against this teaching?
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1answer
3k views

Why are babies dressed in white during a Roman Catholic christening?

Why are babies dressed in white during a Roman Catholic christening (aka baptism)? Is the color symbolic or anything? Can any other color be worn? Similarly, are there some sort of color restrictions ...
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2answers
146 views

Who is a Christian according to the Catholic Church?

How does the Catholic Church define who a Christian is? Is a Christian, according to the Catholic Church, someone who is baptized, a member of the Catholic Church or Mystical Body of Christ ...
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6answers
6k views

Do any major denominations refuse to recognize Holy Baptism in other denominations

Most denominations recognize baptisms in other denominations. (See, for example Eph 4:4-6), "one Lord, one faith, one baptism".) The World Council of Churches Faith and Order Commission published ...
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2answers
373 views

Why do Baptists even baptize in water at all considering their “spirit baptism” views?

It is common for Baptists to take the position that any passage in scripture that sounds like its saying baptism is required for salvation is referring to "Spirit baptism." [Examples, Acts 2:38, Gal 3:...
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2answers
207 views

Is there any explanation from the early church Fathers as to why there is no record of the Apostles being baptized?

I never really noticed this before but it does seem odd that everyone is to be baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, yet it does not appear that the Apostles were. At least there is ...
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3answers
2k views

What do immersionists believe it means to be buried with Christ through Baptism?

Romans 6:1-4 (NIV) What shall we say, then? Shall we go on sinning so that grace may increase? By no means! We are those who have died to sin; how can we live in it any longer? Or don’t you ...
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7answers
58k views

Was baptism practiced before Christ?

A simple word search for "baptism" in the Old Testament turns up no matches. However by the time John the Baptist shows up on the scene and starts dunking people and calling it "for forgiveness of ...
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2answers
13k views

How does a baptismal certificate work?

How does a baptismal certificate work? Why do you even need a certificate? Would other churches disqualify your baptism, or disallow you from participating in other sacraments, if you happen to lose ...
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2answers
1k views

Why do Orthodox Christians baptize infants?

I know that Roman Catholics baptize infants, because they believe that infants need to be cleansed of original sin, and that the denial of baptism at infancy by Christian parents is tantamount to the ...
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2answers
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Why would cold running water be preferred for baptism?

The Didache, or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles (an early Christian text not part of the New Testament) says of baptism (chapter 7): On the subject of baptism, baptise thus: after having taught ...
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3answers
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What is the Catholic Church's stance on baptism after death?

This came up in a discussion. What is Rome's opinion on baptism after death, or more generally, baptism when a body is not available? We were both pretty sure that the Catholic Church would say such ...
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2answers
9k views

What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit? [closed]

What is the difference between baptism of the Holy Spirit and receiving the Holy Spirit (or being filled with the Holy Spirit)? Do these two mean the same? I am open to the different views given by ...
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3answers
181 views

Is Baptism of a child still valid if one of the pouring during baptism misses?

In the Rite of Baptism for one Child the Celebrant when baptizing the child, says and does: N., I baptize you in the name of the Father, He immerses the child or pours water upon it. ...
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2answers
2k views

Renouncing the devil during baptism

In "On the Mysteries" (De Mysteriis) [English], Chapter 2, St. Ambrose wrote, After this the Holy of holies was opened to you, you entered the sanctuary of regeneration; recall what you were asked,...
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2answers
95 views

Baptism of grandchildren

My grandchildren were not baptized and I was worried about it. They are going on a trip. Therefore, I took it upon myself to baptize them. What if anything is the Catholic Church's view of this? ...
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2answers
610 views

Can a baby be baptized in a Catholic Church if the mother does not have papers proving she was baptized?

I tried to baptize my baby at a local Catholic Church in Toronto, but the priest told me I need to provide documents proving I was baptized. I don't have such documents because I was baptized and ...
5
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2answers
171 views

According to the Catholic Church, could a “Jesus-name” baptism ever be considered a valid baptism?

Related: What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula? According to Oneness Pentecostals and others, baptizing in the name of Jesus, instead of the name of the ...
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1answer
65 views

Baptism in the New Testament

Why was Jesus baptized in the New Testament? Moreover, why does baptism even exist in the New Testament? After reading the old it seems it is not present anywhere.
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2answers
380 views

Which Orthodox Churches Accept the Baptism of Heretics?

Primary Question: Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. ...
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1answer
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According to Catholicism what happens to young children who die before being baptized?

John 3:5 is as follows: Jesus answered, “Very truly I tell you, no one can enter the kingdom of God unless they are born of water and the Spirit. In the light of that, what happens to those ...
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4answers
246 views

Can a person be baptized against their will, according to Catholicism?

In the 2006 film Nacho Libre, there is a scene where Ignacio, a Roman Catholic (but not an ordained priest), decides to sneak up on his tag partner Steven and baptize him, despite Steven not wanting ...
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1answer
112 views

What is the earliest extrabiblical teaching of baptism using a trinitarian formula?

Oneness Pentecostals and others who hold to "Jesus-name" (or "Jesus-only") baptism maintain that the trinitarian formula used by Nicene Christians and others is based on a misunderstanding of Matthew ...
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1answer
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Are there any denominations that baptize ONLY in the Name of Jesus?

From this question, are there any Christian denominations that baptise ONLY in the Name of Jesus and not by the Trinitarian baptismal formula? Would such a baptism be considered valid by those who ...
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1answer
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Raised Catholic, I was born again at age 19, felt led to be baptized by Immersion. Does this condemn me? [closed]

I now trust in Christ alone, the Catholic Church anathema me, so now I am damned (according to them). How is it that Jesus Christ alone saved me and they can condemn me? Living in peace for my ...
18
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1answer
324 views

Early church writers opposed to the baptism of infants?

In his book On Baptism, Chapter 18, "Of the Persons to Whom, and the Time When, Baptism is to Be Administered," Tertullian says According to the circumstances and disposition, and even age, of ...
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3answers
4k views

In whose name was Jesus baptized?

I know that people are baptized now in either: The name of Jesus (Acts 2:38) The name of Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost (Matthew 28:19) But according to scripture, in whose name was Jesus ...
6
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1answer
243 views

Is LDS baptism considered valid by the Roman Catholic Church?

Mormons use a Trinitarian formula when baptizing [cf. D&C 20:73]. Yet I've heard that the Catholic Church does not recognize Mormon baptism as valid. When, what, and from whom was the ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Does the Roman Catholic church recognize LDS baptisms? [duplicate]

According to some of the answers in this question, the Roman Catholic church recognizes baptisms that use water and follow the Trinitarian formula, even if they are not performed by a Catholic. ...
6
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3answers
539 views

What is the consequence of being baptized twice, according to the Catholic Church?

The Catholic Church teaches that once a person is baptized, they cannot (or must not) be baptized again. I'm asking this question in that context, looking for a Catholic answer. What is the ...
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4answers
11k views

According to the Roman Catholic church, who can baptize a new believer?

As far as I remember, there is no rule in the Bible as to who can baptize a new believer. However, I'm almost certain that sometime in the early history of the Roman Catholic church, someone or some ...
5
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1answer
114 views

What is Church of England's doctrine on unbaptised dead infants and how was it formed?

The penultimate rubric in the Book of Common Prayer Public Baptism Service reads: "It is certain by God's Word, that children which are baptized, dying before they commit actual sin, are undoubtedly ...
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4answers
4k views

Is it true that early Christians were baptised naked?

I was told that people were baptised naked in the early Christian church. Is this true? If so, could you provide references please?
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1answer
145 views

In Catholicism, Eastern Orthodoxy, and Lutheranism, what are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized?

What are the main explanations on the matter of why Jesus Christ needed to be baptized in Catholicism, in Eastern Orthodoxy, and in Lutheranism? As far as I understand, baptism in the above-mentioned ...
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1answer
52 views

In Catholicism, in what sense is free will restored by baptism?

The Second Council of Orange, Canon 13 states: Concerning the restoration of free will. The freedom of will that was destroyed in the first man can be restored only by the grace of baptism, for ...
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2answers
105 views

Do Reformed paedobaptists call for the baptism of household servants, just as Abraham's servants were circumcised?

In Genesis 17:9–13 we read: 9 And God said to Abraham, “As for you, you shall keep my covenant, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations. 10 This is my covenant, which you ...
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4answers
374 views

Does infant baptism determine the child's afterlife, according to practitioners?

Among those denominations who practice infant baptism, does baptizing the baby have anything to do with the destination of the infant's soul? Which denominations, if any, believe that Infant Baptism ...
9
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3answers
154 views

What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach with regards to the doctrine of baptism as a necessity for salvation?

The title says it all, really. What did the ECF believe and teach with regards to baptism being or not being necessary for salvation? Related: What did the early church fathers (pre-5th c.) teach ...
6
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3answers
955 views

What is the meaning of “baptism by fire”?

We all know what water baptism and baptism by the Holy Spirit are. But what does John the Baptist mean by, "He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and FIRE" in Luke 3:16: John answered and said ...