Questions regarding Christian atonement which describes how human beings can be reconciled to God.

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11
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2answers
210 views
8
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7answers
1k views

What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the ...
9
votes
2answers
144 views

How do opponents of Penal Substitution explain God's declaration that He “will not leave the guilty unpunished”?

In referring to opponents of Penal Substitution theory, I'm referring specifically to those who view it as a false view of the Atonement, not merely that it is incomplete (eg those who hold to ...
2
votes
6answers
111 views

Why is there a need for a perfect sacrifice? Why does Jesus have to be perfect?

Theologically, why was it necessary that Jesus be perfect? Couldn’t there be another ordinary human who said “I will be the sacrifice and take on all the sins of the world past, present, and future ...
3
votes
5answers
198 views

How is it just that Jesus, an innocent, would be punished for our sins?

From the perspective that Jesus' suffering on the cross was in fact a punishment for our sins, how is punishing an innocent (Jesus) for the sinners justified? Jesus was innocent but the people were ...
-1
votes
3answers
55 views

Could Christ who carried our sins on the cross forgive those same sins?

Christ who bore our sins on the Cross: 1 Peter 2:24 (NASB77) 24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds ...
7
votes
3answers
996 views

What is the Biblical argument against Limited Atonement?

The "L" in the "tulip* acronym for reformed theology stands for limited atonement, which is defined as follows: Sometimes called 'particular redemption,' the view that Jesus' death secured ...
3
votes
4answers
225 views

According to the penal substitutionary atonement view, why was Jesus' punishment not eternal?

Given Christianity believes that the "punishment for sin is death" (Rom. 6:23, etc.) and that punishment is eternal (2 Thes. 1:9, Matt. 25:41, Rev. 20:10, etc.), how was Christ's punishment a ...
18
votes
2answers
342 views

What is the Biblical basis for Limited Atonement?

Calvin, among his other points, includes the point that Atonement is Limited; i.e., that Christ's death was sufficient for all but only effective for the elect. What is the Biblical basis of this ...
26
votes
8answers
1k views

Why did Jesus have to die? [closed]

Some point to a blood-payment mechanic, but I wish to look deeper than this. If payment for sin is required, then why have that in the first place, even before Old Testament ritual was established. ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Crucifixion, why the son? [duplicate]

I'm very confused. I understand why Jesus died for us on the cross to pay for all of our sins and I understand how there had to be a virginal birth, so that Jesus could be perfect and without sin. ...
3
votes
2answers
88 views

Am I a party to the covenant of atonement? [closed]

Jesus prayed (Jn 17:21) that “they may be one in us as you are in me and I am in you.” (Easier to comprehend if in means in union with.) This is the original sense of at-one-ment. “We also joy in God ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the basis of the view that Jesus was separated from the Father and Holy Spirit upon death?

From my limited understanding of this matter, some people believe that Jesus was in some sense separated from the Father. This has come up in the context of discussions of the indivisibility of the ...
5
votes
4answers
167 views

Why does Nephi believe he can keep all the commandments?

I can't get the wording exactly right on this question, and it's gonna take some explaining. Nephi says this about the Lord's commandment to get the brass plates, "for I know that the Lord giveth ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Mormons, for how long can I be forgiven of all my sins?

What I understand is: Upon baptism and receiving the Holy Ghost, I'm sin-free, 100% forgiven, not perfect, but clean, clean like I could dwell in the presence of God if I died right after I was ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

How do Calvinists account for Calvin's statements on atonement?

Calvinism gets its name from John Calvin. One of the tenets of Calvinism is "Limited Atonement", the idea that Christ died for the elect, not for all mankind. However, this does not appear to be what ...
21
votes
2answers
539 views

What are the primary differences and implications of a propitiatory view of the atonement versus an expiatory view?

Western theology tends to view atonement as propitiation, while Eastern tends to view it as expiation. What are the primary differences and implications of each perspective? Are they antithetical or ...
6
votes
3answers
149 views

How do non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty explain how Jesus can effect atonement for all of humanity?

Non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty include Unitarians, Socinians, Arians, Jehova's Witnesses, etc. This would not include, supposedly, Modalists and LDS/Mormons. The idea of ...
5
votes
2answers
710 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) If a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by ...
4
votes
2answers
984 views

Why did Moses have the sons of Levi run about with swords slaying family and friends?

Today's OT Reading for CoE Common Worship was Exodus 32:15-34. Although to the modern ear it appears indiscriminate no doubt it wasn't. Please could someone explain why the Levites as the Priestly ...
4
votes
2answers
271 views

How do Arminians understand the doctrine of Unlimited Atonement in a way that does not make God unjust?

The doctrine of unlimited atonement teaches that Christ died for all mankind, but only paid for the sins of those who believe in Him. If this is the case then either Jesus already knew who would ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Jesus's atonement equivalent to sinners' punishments

When Jesus went to the cross, he experienced the ordeal of his arrest agony for three or so days The loss of the rest of his natural life When a sinner sins (without accepting Jesus), he ...
8
votes
3answers
382 views

Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
3
votes
2answers
174 views

Did the atonement end on the Cross? [closed]

John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. When Jesus said it is finished did he mean that the atonement ...
2
votes
1answer
58 views

Did everything Christ did perfectly match what was required for salvation?

I was thinking about Christ's suffering for sinners and am wondering, 'Since everything he did as a man on earth was a form of suffering for the eternal son, did everything he do perfectly match what ...
4
votes
1answer
234 views

What is the basis for the LDS (Mormon) teaching regarding Atonement in Gethsemane rather than at Calvary?

I recently read the the LDS Church teaches that it was in Gethsemane while Jesus was praying where the atonement occurred rather than on the Cross of Calvary. What is the biblical basis for this ...
3
votes
6answers
665 views

Why couldn't we reconcile ourselves to God? [closed]

I always hear people say things like, 'the debt was too large' ... well, why? Why couldn't I pay for my own sin? I don't like that Jesus took punishment for me, I would hate for my earthly father to ...
2
votes
1answer
970 views

Jesus Christ purchased us with his blood - parties involved

According to these verses and others, God/Jesus purchased/redeemed us with his blood Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals ...
8
votes
2answers
449 views

What is Christus Victor?

According to several internet sites (for example, here and here), C.S. Lewis' book The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe expresses a particular understanding of the Atonement, known as Christus ...