Questions regarding Christian atonement which describes how human beings can be reconciled to God.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

4
votes
1answer
169 views

In Catholicism, why should Jesus have been murdered on the Cross instead of just dying of old age?

Imagine that Jesus wasn't murdered but just died of old age. Would there be a difference in redemption for those who believed in Him? If so, why did he need to be killed? To be clear, I'm ...
5
votes
2answers
173 views

How is the matter of why the Son of God needed to be sacrificed explained in the Roman Catholic Church?

Why did God the Father need to sacrifice His own Son for the sake of granting salvation to the fallen humanity? Couldn't He just forgive humans without making any sacrifice? Why is it so that "without ...
9
votes
1answer
166 views

Which theory of the atonement did C. S. Lewis hold?

In C. S. Lewis's The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe (spoiler alert), the White Witch, the personification of the devil, says some interesting things: You at least know the Magic which the ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Looking for a good overview of atonement theory (book or other resource)

I am looking for a good overview/introduction to atonement theory that covers multiple points of view so that I can better understand the difference between the various different theories. I am not ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

What is the difference between “ransom theory” and “penal substitution”?

Ransom theory and penal substitution are two (of many) views about the exact nature of Jesus' atoning death on the cross. Both suggest that Jesus in some way paid a price on the cross for the benefit ...
9
votes
2answers
213 views

How do opponents of Penal Substitution explain God's declaration that He “will not leave the guilty unpunished”?

In referring to opponents of Penal Substitution theory, I'm referring specifically to those who view it as a false view of the Atonement, not merely that it is incomplete (eg those who hold to ...
2
votes
5answers
229 views

Why is there a need for a perfect sacrifice? Why does Jesus have to be perfect?

Theologically, why was it necessary that Jesus be perfect? Couldn’t there be another ordinary human who said “I will be the sacrifice and take on all the sins of the world past, present, and future ...
3
votes
4answers
250 views

According to the penal substitutionary atonement view, why was Jesus' punishment not eternal?

Given Christianity believes that the "punishment for sin is death" (Rom. 6:23, etc.) and that punishment is eternal (2 Thes. 1:9, Matt. 25:41, Rev. 20:10, etc.), how was Christ's punishment a ...
3
votes
5answers
278 views

How is it just that Jesus, an innocent, would be punished for our sins?

From the perspective that Jesus' suffering on the cross was in fact a punishment for our sins, how is punishing an innocent (Jesus) for the sinners justified? Jesus was innocent but the people were ...
0
votes
3answers
72 views

Could Christ who carried our sins on the cross forgive those same sins?

Christ who bore our sins on the Cross: 1 Peter 2:24 (NASB77) 24 and He Himself bore our sins in His body on the cross, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness; for by His wounds ...
5
votes
4answers
253 views

Why does Nephi believe he can keep all the commandments?

I can't get the wording exactly right on this question, and it's gonna take some explaining. Nephi says this about the Lord's commandment to get the brass plates, "for I know that the Lord giveth ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Mormons, for how long can I be forgiven of all my sins?

What I understand is: Upon baptism and receiving the Holy Ghost, I'm sin-free, 100% forgiven, not perfect, but clean, clean like I could dwell in the presence of God if I died right after I was ...
3
votes
2answers
92 views

Am I a party to the covenant of atonement? [closed]

Jesus prayed (Jn 17:21) that “they may be one in us as you are in me and I am in you.” (Easier to comprehend if in means in union with.) This is the original sense of at-one-ment. “We also joy in God ...
8
votes
1answer
145 views

How do Calvinists account for Calvin's statements on atonement?

Calvinism gets its name from John Calvin. One of the tenets of Calvinism is "Limited Atonement", the idea that Christ died for the elect, not for all mankind. However, this does not appear to be what ...
12
votes
2answers
334 views

What was Anselm's biblical basis for his theory of atonement by satisfaction?

Upon which Bible verses did Anselm base his satisfactory theory of atonement?
6
votes
3answers
179 views

How do non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty explain how Jesus can effect atonement for all of humanity?

Non-Trinitarians who do not believe Jesus is God Almighty include Unitarians, Socinians, Arians, Jehova's Witnesses, etc. This would not include, supposedly, Modalists and LDS/Mormons. The idea of ...
5
votes
2answers
213 views

How can God be Sovereign (in the Reformed sense) if a man can ignore His call to repentance?

The Scriptures tell us: The times of ignorance God overlooked, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has fixed a day on which he will judge the world in righteousness by ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did Moses have the sons of Levi run about with swords slaying family and friends?

Today's OT Reading for CoE Common Worship was Exodus 32:15-34. Although to the modern ear it appears indiscriminate no doubt it wasn't. Please could someone explain why the Levites as the Priestly ...
1
vote
5answers
364 views

Why must we obey the ten commandments if Jesus died for our sins? [duplicate]

I was told that you must please God if you want to have paradise after life, therefore you should follow the Ten Commandments, but then what does that mean about Jesus? I realized he died for our sins ...
3
votes
2answers
198 views

Jesus's atonement equivalent to sinners' punishments

When Jesus went to the cross, he experienced the ordeal of his arrest agony for three or so days The loss of the rest of his natural life When a sinner sins (without accepting Jesus), he ...
8
votes
7answers
2k views

What is the biblical basis for the claim that Jesus took on the sins of mankind?

It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Crucifixion, why the son? [duplicate]

I'm very confused. I understand why Jesus died for us on the cross to pay for all of our sins and I understand how there had to be a virginal birth, so that Jesus could be perfect and without sin. ...
4
votes
2answers
343 views

How do Arminians understand the doctrine of Unlimited Atonement in a way that does not make God unjust?

The doctrine of unlimited atonement teaches that Christ died for all mankind, but only paid for the sins of those who believe in Him. If this is the case then either Jesus already knew who would ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

How does Jesus' death and resurrection save humanity?

Time and again we hear that Christ died for our sins, or that Christ died so that we could be saved. But I've never understood how exactly the two are connected? In what way does the death of Christ ...
26
votes
8answers
1k views

Why did Jesus have to die? [closed]

Some point to a blood-payment mechanic, but I wish to look deeper than this. If payment for sin is required, then why have that in the first place, even before Old Testament ritual was established. ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the basis of the view that Jesus was separated from the Father and Holy Spirit upon death?

From my limited understanding of this matter, some people believe that Jesus was in some sense separated from the Father. This has come up in the context of discussions of the indivisibility of the ...
3
votes
2answers
188 views

Did the atonement end on the Cross? [closed]

John 19:30 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost. When Jesus said it is finished did he mean that the atonement ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Did everything Christ did perfectly match what was required for salvation?

I was thinking about Christ's suffering for sinners and am wondering, 'Since everything he did as a man on earth was a form of suffering for the eternal son, did everything he do perfectly match what ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

What is the basis for the LDS (Mormon) teaching regarding Atonement in Gethsemane rather than at Calvary?

I recently read the the LDS Church teaches that it was in Gethsemane while Jesus was praying where the atonement occurred rather than on the Cross of Calvary. What is the biblical basis for this ...
8
votes
3answers
402 views

Calvinism: How does Limited Atonement Work in View of the Universality of Christ's Work?

Issues, Etc. has a post on Lutheranism vs. Calvinism. I'm more or less in total agreement with the pastor on the first two of the five Calvinistic points. However, he loses me when talking about ...
5
votes
2answers
784 views

Confessional Lutheranism: How does Unlimited Atonement work?

I recognize that concerning the mysteries of the faith that Lutherans do not typically like to answer "how does this doctrine work?" type of questions, but I'm hoping for an explanation. Issues, Etc. ...
4
votes
1answer
226 views

If God cannot change, then why does His wrath need to be appeased?

More or less I am asking for a defense of the propitiatory view of atonement in which God changes from being angry to being happy with us rather than sinners being the ones who need to change. Perhaps ...
3
votes
6answers
793 views

Why couldn't we reconcile ourselves to God? [closed]

I always hear people say things like, 'the debt was too large' ... well, why? Why couldn't I pay for my own sin? I don't like that Jesus took punishment for me, I would hate for my earthly father to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Jesus Christ purchased us with his blood - parties involved

According to these verses and others, God/Jesus purchased/redeemed us with his blood Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals ...
10
votes
10answers
80k views

What does it mean to say “Jesus died for our sins”?

When Christians say "Jesus died for our sins", what do they mean?       I went to Catholic school for 5 years and all I heard was "Jesus died for our sins", "Jesus ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the Biblical argument against Limited Atonement?

The "L" in the TULIP acronym of Reformed Theology stands for Limited Atonement, which the Pocket Dictionary of Theological Terms defines as: Sometimes called 'particular redemption,' the view that ...
9
votes
2answers
502 views

What is Christus Victor?

According to several internet sites (for example, here and here), C.S. Lewis' book The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe expresses a particular understanding of the Atonement, known as Christus ...
22
votes
2answers
585 views

What are the primary differences and implications of a propitiatory view of the atonement versus an expiatory view?

Western theology tends to view atonement as propitiation, while Eastern tends to view it as expiation. What are the primary differences and implications of each perspective? Are they antithetical or ...
20
votes
2answers
406 views

What is the Biblical basis for Limited Atonement?

Calvin, among his other points, includes the point that Atonement is Limited; i.e., that Christ's death was sufficient for all but only effective for the elect. What is the Biblical basis for this ...