Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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51
votes
21answers
17k views

How to answer “Why do evil and suffering exist?” [closed]

I believe that evil exists because God gave us free will. Adam and Eve disobeyed God. Because of this The Fall of man happened and drew us away from God. Suffering exists not only because God can ...
43
votes
8answers
5k views

How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark? [closed]

During the great flood Noah was ordered by God to fetch two animals of each species and put them into his ark. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind ...
43
votes
7answers
2k views

How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus? [closed]

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...
40
votes
15answers
4k views

Atheism is the default position. Isn't the burden of proof on the Christian to assert that God exists? [closed]

The title is a bit tongue in cheek, but according to Christianity, is it necessarily right to have to make arguments starting from atheism? It seems obvious to me that God exists. However, in both ...
27
votes
10answers
1k views

What reasons does Christianity give for “Why There Must Be A God?”

I realize this question could also be addressed on Philosophy.SE, but I am very interested to get specifically the Christian perspective on this issue. I was raised Catholic, but have left the Church ...
20
votes
11answers
7k views

Why can't Catholicism just drop its Marian devotion?

Catholicism puts great emphasis on the importance on the Mary, the Mother of God. It honors her and insists upon her perpetual sinlessness and perpetual virginity. And in my observation, it seems as ...
18
votes
11answers
15k views

How can Heaven exist if we know that people in Hell will suffer? [closed]

Suppose for the following scenario that both the Christian Heaven and Hell exist. My mother is a good Christian and loves me dearly. I am an atheist, and will therefore go to hell upon death. [If ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “Manuscript Evidence” and how is it useful?

In several Apologetics articles (including one answer of mine on a different question), I see the statement that "there is overwhelming manuscript evidence to support the fact that the Bible has been ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Have any major Christian intellectuals responded to Stephen Hawking's “The Grand Design”?

Stephen Hawking, in The Grand Design, argues that God did not create the universe. One review of the book states its aim as "to banish a divine creator from physics". The essence of the argument is: ...
15
votes
8answers
376 views

Can seeking arguments against Christianity strengthen Christianity? [closed]

Some take the position that some knowledge is the work of Satan. Some take the position that critical analysis can strengthen good ideas and weaken bad ones. Should Christians seek out information ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What evidence is there to support the position that the Bible is truly the Word of God to mankind?

Christianity generally accepts the Bible to be the Word of God, and the Bible itself makes this claim (i.e. 2 Peter 1:16-21). 16 For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to ...
15
votes
7answers
950 views

Why are some people born into famine and starvation? [closed]

I was raised Christadelphian, and after 17 years of education and reading the bible, I dismissed my faith and left the church. One of my main reasons for turning my back on God was this. Why is it ...
14
votes
6answers
481 views

Is it correct to say “any effort using scientific way to prove or disprove God is in vain”?

Am I right in saying that we can never use science to find the physical existence of God, neither could we disprove that? I am in academic, I am surrounded by so many "science-is-the-ultimate-answer" ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

How is the historical accuracy of the Bible defended?

Loosely tied to the idea of Biblical Inerrancy, one of the basic tenets of Christianity is that Scripture is reliable. This includes the idea of being reliable as a source of "doctrine, for reproof, ...
13
votes
2answers
738 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls impact modern apologetics?

I understand that the 1946 discovery of almost a thousand ancient texts in caves on the West Bank has had a significant impact, I'm just trying to figure out what specific changes the discovery has ...
13
votes
2answers
786 views

Rules behind resolving alleged Biblical discrepancies

One of the charges that is consistently leveled against Biblical reliability is that the Bible is "full of contradictions". This is certainly not a new charge, and the field of Apologetics, with its ...
12
votes
2answers
134 views

How do local flood proponents explain God's promises to never do it again?

Some Christians believe that Noah's Flood was a local event, and that the author of the Flood narrative never intended it to be understood as global in scope. My question is, how then would we ...
11
votes
3answers
457 views

Biblical Prophecy and Fulfillment [closed]

I often hear the argument that the veracity of Christ's claims in the gospels can be considered reliable based upon two things: miracles and fulfilled prophecy. This pre-supposes the validity of the ...
9
votes
4answers
464 views

What is the physical evidence for a local flood?

Some Christians believe Noah's flood was a local event rather than a global flood. What physical or geological evidence has been given by such Christians to support their position?
9
votes
2answers
459 views

How do you answer the unanswerable questions? [closed]

How do you respond to the "trivia" or "only God knows" type questions which cannot be answered from the Bible or science (yet)? This is more of a general question, such as do you blow them off or ...
9
votes
2answers
654 views

Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD 175-...
8
votes
7answers
659 views

Is there a way to prove the God of the Bible? [closed]

I understand that there is an element call faith to believe a system of belief. But my question is, are there valid arguments to prove God to someone who does not believe? Or at least to present God ...
8
votes
5answers
309 views

How to make driving out demons reasonable for non-christians

Recently I invited some colleague students over to an evening called Questions to Christians at my student association. Two of them came (both (almost) completely unfamiliar with Christianity/faith/...
8
votes
3answers
896 views

Why are some denominations so against the idea of personal revelation as a source of Truth?

In the spirit of On what basis do some denominations prohibit Christians from drinking alcohol? and Why do Young-Earth Creationists make such a big deal about the YEC view First, what this question ...
7
votes
3answers
359 views

How is the Catholic belief in Purgatory supported?

There is already this question on this site: What is the Biblical support for Purgatory? But I believe there might be more the the Catholic argument. We know that Catholics regard the Holy Tradition ...
7
votes
4answers
431 views

How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
7
votes
1answer
156 views

Can other “scripture” (such as the Quran) be used as ultimate authority in presuppositional apologetics?

I've been impressed lately with the presuppositional apologetic work of Sye Ten Bruggencate and how his arguments seem to be irrefutable by those he debates. The only problem I have is that he claims ...
7
votes
1answer
119 views

Is there any Biblical reference strictly speaking about God being timeless?

I've heard a lot, mainly from apologists, the notion that God is Timeless (Little example). So, this is an assumption on the philosophical ground, but is there a theological ground for it? Any verse ...
7
votes
2answers
106 views

Did church fathers ever deal with “Bible requires brutality” critics?

A recent question here caused some confusion, and increases my curiosity about this topic. Someone asked why people say Christians have disdain for the handicapped. (Apparent) practicing Christians ...
7
votes
1answer
535 views

What are typical Christian responses to The Grand Inquisitor?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why The Grand Inquisitor is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. What are ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How do creationists explain the genetic diversity of animals after Noah's Ark?

This is somewhat related to How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark? One of the comments read: "How does one propose to produce the various species/sub-species simply from 'some sort of cat', ...
6
votes
1answer
803 views

What does Ravi Zacharias mean when he says “Intent is always prior to content”?

I am a constant listener to Ravi's Podcasts and he always says "Intent is always prior to content." What does that mean? Thanks
6
votes
3answers
314 views

What arguments can be made that 1 Corinthians 15 is not about physical resurrection?

This is something of a long shot. I had a friend look at 1 Cor. 15 (and other parts of the Bible), and he formed the conclusion that 1 Cor. 15 was about a spiritual and not bodily resurrection—i.e., ...
6
votes
2answers
298 views

Why Moses is not Sargon I?

This is not going to be a question about the Bible or God but I believe that is related with the christianity. I believe in God, I came to my Savior several years ago but recently a friend sent me a ...
6
votes
1answer
548 views

What is the LDS position on changing doctrine

One of the charges often levied against the LDS Church is that the doctrines change over time. For example, from http://20truths.info/mormon/doctrine.html and http://wakeupmormons.blogspot.com/p/...
6
votes
1answer
344 views

What is “Apologetics”, exactly, and how is it used to defend the Christian faith?

For those who are unfamiliar with the term, or those who have only a passing familiarity, what is apologetics, in relation to Christianity? Is it "proving the existence of God"? For that matter, ...
6
votes
2answers
126 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
6
votes
1answer
245 views

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods?

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods? The method calls for understanding the world behind the ancient text, accepting that the text has human ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Does the Church in general need to revisit and revise its strategy in maintaining the faith? [closed]

Is it a high time that we need to impart the young Christians (children) a comprehensive knowledge of all the doctrines of Christianity, or do we tend to raise them as unconvinced Christians ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the “Leviathan” mentioned in Job?

I'm trying to brush up on my apologetics skills, but this is one question I haven't found a clear answer to. I've seen a few explanations for this — a dinosaur, crocodile, whale etc., but none ...
5
votes
2answers
340 views

How can suffering from natural causes be reconciled with an omnimax god? [closed]

The christian god is omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent according to all christian denominations I know of. These attributes seem to be contradicted by all the suffering we observe here on ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. XII: “Doctrine of the Divinity of Jesus Examined”

Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai, Lithuania, also known as Isaac ben Abraham of Troki, was a Karaite Jew who wrote a polemic against Christians known as Chizzuk Emunah (חזוק אמונה), which translates ...
5
votes
3answers
105 views

What specifically is in the Pentateuch that later writers could not have known?

I have heard people say that the Five Books of Moses had to be divine and written 3-4 thousand years ago because there is content in it that later writers (a la Documentary Hypothesis) simply could ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why do those who take Matthew 23:9 literally not emphasize 23:8 and 23:10 similarly?

This could be seen as a follow-up question for "Is there any Christian group that takes Matthew 23:8-10 literally?". There are some groups (usually evangelical) who emphasize Matthew 23:9, especially ...
4
votes
4answers
650 views

Any philosphers arguing that the Christian worldview is the most rational?

I have seen life at either extreme, first as a Hindu, with a sort of blind faith in general religiosity, and later as an atheist, with a blind faith in knowledge obtained through the senses alone. I ...
4
votes
1answer
728 views

Counterarguments to “Numerology”?

Background: I am interested in learning more about numerology. In this post I am specifically interested in the arguments used by those who reject this doctrine. My current impression of what "...
4
votes
3answers
230 views

Is there an argument that God, as a self-proving entity, is necessary for logic?

I recall hearing an argument for God (or, really, that being a non-Christian was equivalent to being a nihilist) that in order for logic to be valid, one could not have circular arguments, but since ...
4
votes
1answer
81 views

Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. LXVI: “Inconsistencies in Christian text regarding food”

In Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. LXVI, 16th century Jewish theologian Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai wrote, Acts 10:11-15, "And Peter saw heaven opened; and a certain vessel descending unto him, ...
4
votes
1answer
699 views

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus?

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus? How and why has Christianity fused together the idea of a Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, or messiah, with the concept of something ...