Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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42
votes
22answers
11k views

How to answer “Why do evil and suffering exist?”

I believe that evil exists because God gave us free will. Adam and Eve disobeyed God. Because of this The Fall of man happened and drew us away from God. Suffering exists not only because God can ...
41
votes
8answers
5k views

How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark?

During the great flood Noah was ordered by God to fetch two animals of each species and put them into his ark. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every kind ...
40
votes
7answers
1k views

How is the Christian Jesus different from the Muslim Jesus?

Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I ...
39
votes
15answers
4k views

Atheism is the default position. Isn't the burden of proof on the Christian to assert that God exists? [closed]

The title is a bit tongue in cheek, but according to Christianity, is it necessarily right to have to make arguments starting from atheism? It seems obvious to me that God exists. However, in both ...
26
votes
10answers
1k views

What reasons does Christianity give for “Why There Must Be A God?”

I realize this question could also be addressed on Philosophy.SE, but I am very interested to get specifically the Christian perspective on this issue. I was raised Catholic, but have left the Church ...
19
votes
2answers
9k views

From a Fundamentalist standpoint, what does the phrase “Inspired, infallible, inerrant Word of God” mean?

Many denominations teach that the Bible is the "Inspired, inerrant, infallible Word of God." Detractors of Christianity, and even other denominations within Christianity disagree with all or some of ...
16
votes
11answers
5k views

Why can't Catholicism just drop its Marian devotion?

Catholicism puts great emphasis on the importance on the Mary, the Mother of God. It honors her and insists upon her perpetual sinlessness and perpetual virginity. And in my observation, it seems as ...
16
votes
11answers
12k views

How can Heaven exist if we know that people in Hell will suffer? [closed]

Suppose for the following scenario that both the Christian Heaven and Hell exist. My mother is a good Christian and loves me dearly. I am an atheist, and will therefore go to hell upon death. [If ...
16
votes
8answers
369 views

Can seeking arguments against Christianity strengthen Christianity? [closed]

Some take the position that some knowledge is the work of Satan. Some take the position that critical analysis can strengthen good ideas and weaken bad ones. Should Christians seek out information ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “Manuscript Evidence” and how is it useful?

In several Apologetics articles (including one answer of mine on a different question), I see the statement that "there is overwhelming manuscript evidence to support the fact that the Bible has been ...
15
votes
7answers
717 views

Why are some people born into famine and starvation? [closed]

I was raised Christadelphian, and after 17 years of education and reading the bible, I dismissed my faith and left the church. One of my main reasons for turning my back on God was this. Why is it ...
14
votes
4answers
2k views

What evidence is there to support the position that the Bible is truly the Word of God to mankind?

Christianity generally accepts the Bible to be the Word of God, and the Bible itself makes this claim (i.e. 2 Peter 1:16-21). 16 For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to ...
13
votes
6answers
429 views

Is it correct to say “any effort using scientific way to prove or disprove God is in vain”?

Am I right in saying that we can never use science to find the physical existence of God, neither could we disprove that? I am in academic, I am surrounded by so many "science-is-the-ultimate-answer" ...
12
votes
4answers
944 views

How do Protestants respond to the JW interpretation of John 14:28?

According to What does the Bible really teach?, a Watchtower publication, pp.41-42: The only-begotton Son never even considered trying to be equal to his Father. The Bible clearly teaches that the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How is the historical accuracy of the Bible defended?

Loosely tied to the idea of Biblical Inerrancy, one of the basic tenets of Christianity is that Scripture is reliable. This includes the idea of being reliable as a source of "doctrine, for reproof, ...
12
votes
2answers
510 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls impact modern apologetics?

I understand that the 1946 discovery of almost a thousand ancient texts in caves on the West Bank has had a significant impact, I'm just trying to figure out what specific changes the discovery has ...
12
votes
2answers
576 views

Rules behind resolving alleged Biblical discrepancies

One of the charges that is consistently leveled against Biblical reliability is that the Bible is "full of contradictions". This is certainly not a new charge, and the field of Apologetics, with its ...
12
votes
2answers
108 views

How do local flood proponents explain God's promises to never do it again?

Some Christians believe that Noah's Flood was a local event, and that the author of the Flood narrative never intended it to be understood as global in scope. My question is, how then would we ...
11
votes
3answers
411 views

Biblical Prophecy and Fulfillment

I often hear the argument that the veracity of Christ's claims in the gospels can be considered reliable based upon two things: miracles and fulfilled prophecy. This pre-supposes the validity of the ...
9
votes
4answers
411 views

What is the physical evidence for a local flood?

Some Christians believe Noah's flood was a local event rather than a global flood. What physical or geological evidence has been given by such Christians to support their position?
9
votes
2answers
413 views

How do you answer the unanswerable questions? [closed]

How do you respond to the "trivia" or "only God knows" type questions which cannot be answered from the Bible or science (yet)? This is more of a general question, such as do you blow them off or ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Counterarguments to “KJV-only”?

Some people believe the King James Version of the Bible is the only version English-speakers should be using, as it is the only inspired translation. (This is referred to as "KJV-onlyism.") ...
9
votes
1answer
515 views

Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD ...
8
votes
3answers
628 views

Why are some denominations so against the idea of personal revelation as a source of Truth?

In the spirit of On what basis do some denominations prohibit Christians from drinking alcohol? and Why do Young-Earth Creationists make such a big deal about the YEC view First, what this question ...
7
votes
7answers
560 views

Is there a way to prove the God of the Bible? [closed]

I understand that there is an element call faith to believe a system of belief. But my question is, are there valid arguments to prove God to someone who does not believe? Or at least to present God ...
7
votes
3answers
284 views

How is the Catholic belief in Purgatory supported?

There is already this question on this site: What is the Biblical support for Purgatory? But I believe there might be more the the Catholic argument. We know that Catholics regard the Holy Tradition ...
7
votes
1answer
123 views

Can other “scripture” (such as the Quran) be used as ultimate authority in presuppositional apologetics?

I've been impressed lately with the presuppositional apologetic work of Sye Ten Bruggencate and how his arguments seem to be irrefutable by those he debates. The only problem I have is that he claims ...
7
votes
4answers
356 views

How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
7
votes
2answers
93 views

Did church fathers ever deal with “Bible requires brutality” critics?

A recent question here caused some confusion, and increases my curiosity about this topic. Someone asked why people say Christians have disdain for the handicapped. (Apparent) practicing Christians ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

How do creationists explain the genetic diversity of animals after Noah's Ark?

This is somewhat related to How did all the animals fit into Noah's ark? One of the comments read: "How does one propose to produce the various species/sub-species simply from 'some sort of cat', ...
6
votes
1answer
549 views

What does Ravi Zacharias mean when he says “Intent is always prior to content”?

I am a constant listener to Ravi's Podcasts and he always says "Intent is always prior to content." What does that mean? Thanks
6
votes
1answer
449 views

What is the LDS position on changing doctrine

One of the charges often levied against the LDS Church is that the doctrines change over time. For example, from http://20truths.info/mormon/doctrine.html and ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

What is “Apologetics”, exactly, and how is it used to defend the Christian faith?

For those who are unfamiliar with the term, or those who have only a passing familiarity, what is apologetics, in relation to Christianity? Is it "proving the existence of God"? For that matter, ...
6
votes
1answer
238 views

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods?

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods? The method calls for understanding the world behind the ancient text, accepting that the text has human ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Does the Church in general need to revisit and revise its strategy in maintaining the faith? [closed]

Is it a high time that we need to impart the young Christians (children) a comprehensive knowledge of all the doctrines of Christianity, or do we tend to raise them as unconvinced Christians ...
5
votes
4answers
869 views

What is the “Leviathan” mentioned in Job?

I'm trying to brush up on my apologetics skills, but this is one question I haven't found a clear answer to. I've seen a few explanations for this — a dinosaur, crocodile, whale etc., but none ...
4
votes
4answers
552 views

Any philosphers arguing that the Christian worldview is the most rational?

I have seen life at either extreme, first as a Hindu, with a sort of blind faith in general religiosity, and later as an atheist, with a blind faith in knowledge obtained through the senses alone. I ...
4
votes
1answer
674 views

Counterarguments to “Numerology”?

Background: I am interested in learning more about numerology. In this post I am specifically interested in the arguments used by those who reject this doctrine. My current impression of what ...
4
votes
2answers
324 views

How can suffering from natural causes be reconciled with an omnimax god?

The christian god is omnipotent, omniscient and omnibenevolent according to all christian denominations I know of. These attributes seem to be contradicted by all the suffering we observe here on ...
4
votes
3answers
211 views

Is there an argument that God, as a self-proving entity, is necessary for logic?

I recall hearing an argument for God (or, really, that being a non-Christian was equivalent to being a nihilist) that in order for logic to be valid, one could not have circular arguments, but since ...
4
votes
1answer
570 views

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus?

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus? How and why has Christianity fused together the idea of a Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, or messiah, with the concept of something ...
4
votes
2answers
83 views

What specifically is in the Pentateuch that later writers could not have known?

I have heard people say that the Five Books of Moses had to be divine and written 3-4kya because there is content in it that later writers (a la Documentary Hypothesis) simply could not have known. ...
4
votes
0answers
149 views

What did the animals eat when they emerged from the ark? [closed]

Given that Noah had to rescue 2 of a kind of every animal and fit them all in the ark, and given that he would've had to feed them while they were in his captivity: If after the flood there were only ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

How to answer: “If God is omnipotent, can he create an object he cannot move?” [duplicate]

Some people think that God cannot exist because he would be paradoxical, for example "If God is omnipotent, can he create an object he cannot move?" How should this question be answered? Thanks.
3
votes
1answer
489 views

Why do those who take Matthew 23:9 literally not emphasize 23:8 and 23:10 similarly?

This could be seen as a follow-up question for "Is there any Christian group that takes Matthew 23:8-10 literally?". There are some groups (usually evangelical) who emphasize Matthew 23:9, especially ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Did God use man as a vehicle to bring about death? [closed]

Before creation there would have been no death. All of the Angels God created are eternal. When God Created everything then time was also created, but Earth and time are both temporary creations. ...
2
votes
4answers
457 views

How do we argue when someone posits a non-causal universe

So, I've been thinking about apologetics recently, and I've come to a rather nasty knot which I've not been able to unwind. It is relatively easy to get from the idea, "there must have been a first ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

How can we defend our faith against the “Argument from Evil” or “Problem of Evil”? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Do the Adultery Pericope and Mark 16:9-20 disprove the inerrancy of the Bible? [closed]

I have encountered a few instances when Bible critics and Muslims have tried to use the Adultery Pericope (John 7:53-8:11) and the extended ending of the Gospel of Mark (Mark 16:9-20) to disprove the ...
2
votes
3answers
146 views

Is the Eternal imperative?

I just had an interesting conversation at Ask The Atheist: http://asktheatheist.com/?p=1860 Essentially, I asked: Do atheists believe that everything came from nothingness or do they believe that ...