Defenses of religious positions using reason. This tag should only be used with respect to disagreements with religions other than Christianity.

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How do you know for sure if Jesus of Nazareth resurrected? [duplicate]

Why should we believe anything that is not proven?
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In LDS, how are 'milk' doctrines distinguished from 'meat' doctrines?

When discussing doctrine with ex-LDS acquaintances, they've mentioned the concept of "milk before meat," presumably based on these words from Joseph Smith's revelation in Doctrines & Covenants 19: ...
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3answers
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How Does Catholicism Refute the Reasons Muslims Claim That Jesus Was Not Crucified?

Muslims say Jesus didn't claim to be God. My question is Twofold: 1) When a Muslim objects to the teaching that Christ was crucified, what is their given reason that anyone ever attempted to ...
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1answer
131 views

What common apologetic arguments support the view that it is more likely that Jesus was resurrected than his body was stolen?

I am curious as to why Christians think that the resurrection hypothesis is more plausible and probable than any of the many alternative explanations like the body being stolen. I look forward to ...
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2answers
357 views

Why Moses is not Sargon I?

This is not going to be a question about the Bible or God but I believe that is related with the christianity. I believe in God, I came to my Savior several years ago but recently a friend sent me a ...
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1answer
73 views

What defence can be made for Christian anthropocentrism?

In the light of the ecological crisis, the Western appeal to Buddhist interrelatedness and Confucianism seems to be gaining favour. My question is, has Christian anthropocentrism become outdated? I ...
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1answer
125 views

Is there any Biblical reference strictly speaking about God being timeless?

I've heard a lot, mainly from apologists, the notion that God is Timeless (Little example). So, this is an assumption on the philosophical ground, but is there a theological ground for it? Any verse ...
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1k views

Have any major Christian intellectuals responded to Stephen Hawking's “The Grand Design”?

Stephen Hawking, in The Grand Design, argues that God did not create the universe. One review of the book states its aim as "to banish a divine creator from physics". The essence of the argument is: ...
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203 views

How do Catholic apologists explain the cross to a Muslim?

I'm an American Catholic currently living in India and teaching Communicative English to students of an Islamic school (ages 5 - 14). I am trying to live on the fence and keeping my faith promoted and ...
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128 views

What evidence is there that the genealogies in the early part of Genesis refer to tribes instead of individuals?

One method of interpreting the genealogies in the early parts of Genesis is as not referring to actual individuals, but rather to tribes, nations, and groups of people represented by the names of ...
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4answers
385 views

What evidence is there for the Resurrection of Jesus?

What historical evidence has been used by people who argue for truth of Jesus' Resurrection? It’s important to distinguish between the evidence and the best explanation of that evidence. This ...
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2answers
137 views

How do local flood proponents explain God's promises to never do it again?

Some Christians believe that Noah's Flood was a local event, and that the author of the Flood narrative never intended it to be understood as global in scope. My question is, how then would we ...
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159 views

Can other “scripture” (such as the Quran) be used as ultimate authority in presuppositional apologetics?

I've been impressed lately with the presuppositional apologetic work of Sye Ten Bruggencate and how his arguments seem to be irrefutable by those he debates. The only problem I have is that he claims ...
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2answers
104 views

Refutations of, or Thoughts on How Jesus Became God (Bart D. Ehrman)

Are there any published, written or recorded (audio or video) responses to the claims Bart D Ehrman makes in How Jesus Became God? I'm currently reading this and Misquoting Jesus as part of an ...
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2answers
145 views

Do the Adultery Pericope and Mark 16:9-20 disprove the inerrancy of the Bible? [closed]

I have encountered a few instances when Bible critics and Muslims have tried to use the Adultery Pericope (John 7:53-8:11) and the extended ending of the Gospel of Mark (Mark 16:9-20) to disprove the ...
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3answers
727 views

What should the man of God in 1 Kings 13 have done when faced with the old prophet's lie? [closed]

One of the stories in the Bible that has bothered me and many other Christians out there is the story of the old prophet and the man of God in 1 Kings 13. 1 Kings 13:16-19 (NKJV) 16 And he ...
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3answers
367 views

How is the Catholic belief in Purgatory supported?

There is already this question on this site: What is the Biblical support for Purgatory? But I believe there might be more the the Catholic argument. We know that Catholics regard the Holy Tradition ...
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2answers
126 views

Are there example writings of general refutation from Jesus' time?

There is an apologetic argument that goes like this: If the gospels were not factual, then we should expect to find other writings from the same time which refute them. We do not, therefore the ...
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1answer
194 views

What is the single best reason - specific to Christianity - that the Christian God is the real God? [closed]

Looking at history it seems clear that we are a God inventing species and obviously 99.99% of these Gods cannot be real. But let us suppose that there is indeed a Higher Being. What is the best ...
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1answer
377 views

How can we defend our faith against the “Argument from Evil” or “Problem of Evil”? [duplicate]

Of all of the arguments against the Bible from a stance of pure logic which I have ever heard, the only one which seems to be able to stand up to honest, logical scrutiny in even the smallest way is ...
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2answers
422 views

How can a Christian effectively explain the seeming contradiction between Gen 1:31 and Gen 6:6?

Gen 1:31 (KJV) And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day. Gen 6:6 (KJV) And it repented the LORD that he had ...
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2answers
949 views

What reasons do Christians have to believe there is one God? [closed]

Related to What reasons does Christianity give for "Why There Must Be A God?". In my reading on apologetics, I have come across many arguments for Theism, but next to nothing for Monotheism....
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Did God use man as a vehicle to bring about death? [closed]

Before creation there would have been no death. All of the Angels God created are eternal. When God Created everything then time was also created, but Earth and time are both temporary creations. ...
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2answers
73 views

Question regarding the nature of moral absolutes [closed]

I was having a highly spirited debate with one of my best friends about religion. He is an avowed atheist. When I brought up the subject of morality, he countered me with an interesting argument that ...
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1answer
186 views

Is SIN a sin just because God says it is sin? [duplicate]

What then shall we say? That the law is sin? By no means! Yet if it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin. For I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said, “...
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747 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls impact modern apologetics?

I understand that the 1946 discovery of almost a thousand ancient texts in caves on the West Bank has had a significant impact, I'm just trying to figure out what specific changes the discovery has ...
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3answers
830 views

Is there a difference between theology and apologetics?

I've heard that it all has to do with knowing the right audience. Perhaps, if the audience be Christian, it would be labelled as "theology", and if the audience is non-Christian, it would be labelled ...
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4answers
1k views

What is the “Leviathan” mentioned in Job?

I'm trying to brush up on my apologetics skills, but this is one question I haven't found a clear answer to. I've seen a few explanations for this — a dinosaur, crocodile, whale etc., but none ...
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5answers
311 views

How to make driving out demons reasonable for non-christians

Recently I invited some colleague students over to an evening called Questions to Christians at my student association. Two of them came (both (almost) completely unfamiliar with Christianity/faith/...
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1answer
116 views

What are some good resources that explain the rational reasons behind the faith for a questioning Atheist? [closed]

I have been contemplating the existence of a god for years now, and have settled upon the idea as a remedy to the absurd. I would like to believe in God, but my mind is so apt to lean on reason that ...
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3answers
109 views

What specifically is in the Pentateuch that later writers could not have known?

I have heard people say that the Five Books of Moses had to be divine and written 3-4 thousand years ago because there is content in it that later writers (a la Documentary Hypothesis) simply could ...
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Was Jesus command to watch in Matthew 26 just for that night or was it a general caution for the Church?

Jesus charged his disciples to watch and pray in Matthew Chapter 26, and in earlier reading it seemed to me that he was probably referring to the events of that night. In my more recent studies the ...
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Is the Eternal imperative?

I just had an interesting conversation at Ask The Atheist: http://asktheatheist.com/?p=1860 Essentially, I asked: Do atheists believe that everything came from nothingness or do they believe that ...
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3answers
891 views

What properties does Christianity attribute to God [closed]

What are the claimed properties of God that define Christianity, and what is the basis or reason for each attribution?
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107 views

Did church fathers ever deal with “Bible requires brutality” critics?

A recent question here caused some confusion, and increases my curiosity about this topic. Someone asked why people say Christians have disdain for the handicapped. (Apparent) practicing Christians ...
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1answer
814 views

What does Ravi Zacharias mean when he says “Intent is always prior to content”?

I am a constant listener to Ravi's Podcasts and he always says "Intent is always prior to content." What does that mean? Thanks
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437 views

How does Christianity deal with biblical criticism related to the Old Testament?

As an orthodox Jew I have seen quite a stir lately regarding the topic of biblical criticism, specifically towards the Old Testament (Torah). I have perused several questions in this stack which ...
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1answer
245 views

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods?

What is The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints view of historical-critical methods? The method calls for understanding the world behind the ancient text, accepting that the text has human ...
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1answer
538 views

What are typical Christian responses to The Grand Inquisitor?

Upon reading this chapter in the Brothers Karamazov I find myself confused as to why The Grand Inquisitor is considered to be such a powerful argument for atheism and against theodicy. What are ...
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1answer
715 views

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus?

Why is Jeremiah 31:31-34 interpreted by Catholic Christians to point toward Jesus? How and why has Christianity fused together the idea of a Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, or messiah, with the concept of something ...
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11answers
8k views

Why can't Catholicism just drop its Marian devotion?

Catholicism puts great emphasis on the importance on the Mary, the Mother of God. It honors her and insists upon her perpetual sinlessness and perpetual virginity. And in my observation, it seems as ...
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1answer
168 views

How to answer: “If God is omnipotent, can he create an object he cannot move?” [duplicate]

Some people think that God cannot exist because he would be paradoxical, for example "If God is omnipotent, can he create an object he cannot move?" How should this question be answered? Thanks.
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3answers
373 views

What place do ontological arguments for God have in Christianity?

As I understand it, the ontological argument that is sometimes applied to the existence of God goes something like this: God by definition is perfect. Non-existence would be an imperfection, ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do those who take Matthew 23:9 literally not emphasize 23:8 and 23:10 similarly?

This could be seen as a follow-up question for "Is there any Christian group that takes Matthew 23:8-10 literally?". There are some groups (usually evangelical) who emphasize Matthew 23:9, especially ...
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4answers
656 views

Any philosphers arguing that the Christian worldview is the most rational?

I have seen life at either extreme, first as a Hindu, with a sort of blind faith in general religiosity, and later as an atheist, with a blind faith in knowledge obtained through the senses alone. I ...
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11answers
15k views

How can Heaven exist if we know that people in Hell will suffer? [closed]

Suppose for the following scenario that both the Christian Heaven and Hell exist. My mother is a good Christian and loves me dearly. I am an atheist, and will therefore go to hell upon death. [If ...
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656 views

Are there any references to “four canonical Gospels” prior to 100 AD?

According to the "Institut für neutestamentliche Textforschung" eleven manuscripts of NT are from within the second century alone, which include: P52 (100-150), P90, 104 (2nd century), P66 (c. AD 175-...
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Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. LXVI: “Inconsistencies in Christian text regarding food”

In Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. LXVI, 16th century Jewish theologian Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai wrote, Acts 10:11-15, "And Peter saw heaven opened; and a certain vessel descending unto him, ...
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Refutation of Chizzuk Emunah, Part II, Ch. XII: “Doctrine of the Divinity of Jesus Examined”

Yitzchak ben Avraham of Trakai, Lithuania, also known as Isaac ben Abraham of Troki, was a Karaite Jew who wrote a polemic against Christians known as Chizzuk Emunah (חזוק אמונה), which translates ...
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909 views

Why are some denominations so against the idea of personal revelation as a source of Truth?

In the spirit of On what basis do some denominations prohibit Christians from drinking alcohol? and Why do Young-Earth Creationists make such a big deal about the YEC view First, what this question ...