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Does Bible impose any type of mandatory prayer that you have to offer at particular time or particular day? If so, what are some important prayers? Is a prayer at Church more worthy than a prayer at home?

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Which are you asking? Are there any mandatory prayers in the Bible or are there any mandatory prayers in Christianity. –  DJClayworth Jul 15 '12 at 19:58
    
@DJClayworth to me they both are the same. If any of the two says something about the prayers, that means it would be part of Christianity although an emphasis in bible will carry more weight. –  Learner Jul 16 '12 at 10:58
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3 Answers

up vote 15 down vote accepted

The closest would be the model prayer given in Matthew chapter 6 as part of the Sermon on the Mount. This prayer is understood by most to be an example, or model, rather than something to be repeated verbatim.

So, no, there are no specific mandatory prayers given in scripture, other than that we are to pray — and to pray without ceasing. Mandatory prayers reflect an ethos that is more about rule keeping. While there are rules, Christianity is not really about rule keeping: it's about building a relationship with God, and by extension your fellow man.

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Excellent answer. I think it is funny that "the Lord's prayer" is sometimes taught as a prayer that should be repeated, when there is not a single instance in Scripture of anyone (including the Lord) praying it verbatim! –  Jas 3.1 Jul 15 '12 at 5:49
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It is simply not true that The Lords Prayer is "understood by most to be an example, or model, rather than something to be repeated verbatim." For the vast majority of Christians the reverse is true. Even if you for some reason exclude the Roman Catholic church (which by itself makes up a majority of Christians!) then the majority still repeat this prayer verbatim. –  DJClayworth Jul 15 '12 at 20:00
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My understanding is that this is the official Roman Catholic view is well: it's not mandatory or sacramental, but rather a model. The distinction is that the Church also says verbatim recital of the prayer can be helpful/beneficial, something I'd agree with. The key difference is that they use it during mass, which for most Catholics makes it effectively mandatory, even if not doctrinally mandatory... though that's a fine hair to split. Also this may by off, as my understanding of Catholic practices is limited; there's a lot there that leaves bible-first folks scratching their heads. –  Joel Coehoorn Jul 19 '12 at 1:37
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@DJClayworth: I agree with you: most Christians see the prayer as something to be repeated verbatim. But I think most people who have read Matthew 6 will agree that it also is a model for prayer. (See also: What biblical reasons are there for using the Lord's Prayer as a pattern for prayer rather than a prayer to repeat verbatim?) –  Jon Ericson Aug 29 '12 at 18:12
    
In my church we recite the Lord's Prayer verbatim because it is a model of how to pray. –  Bruce Alderman Aug 29 '12 at 21:17
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To Catholics, observance of the Sabbath as mandated by the 3rd commandment:

Remember the sabbath day—keep it holy. Six days you may labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the LORD your God.f You shall not do any work, either you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your work animal, or the resident alien within your gates. For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them; but on the seventh day he rested. That is why the LORD has blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. Exodus 20:8-11 NABRE

is observed by the precept of the church

The precept of the Church specifies the law of the Lord more precisely: "On Sundays and other holy days of obligation the faithful are bound to participate in the Mass." "The precept of participating in the Mass is satisfied by assistance at a Mass which is celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the holy day or on the evening of the preceding day." CCC 2180

and, as a prayer

"The Mass is the most perfect form of prayer" -Pope Paul VI (legit citation appreciated)

it ranks right up there. Even if one doesn't consider the Mass a prayer, it certainly contains lots and lots of prayers and lots and lots of scripture.


But, there is another prayer that all Christians must pray, because prayer is more than verbal. One must contemplate Jesus

that at the name of Jesus every knee should bend, of those in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father. Phil 2:10-11 NABRE

And, in so doing, one must pray.


Finally there's the Lord's Prayer, which has been noted elsewhere, I wasn't going to mention it, but people are claiming that it was never meant to be repeated. Well...

To many protestants this:

Neither pray as the hypocrites; but as the Lord commanded in His Gospel, thus pray: Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be Your name. Your kingdom come. Your will be done, as in heaven, so on earth. Give us today our daily (needful) bread, and forgive us our debt as we also forgive our debtors. And bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one (or, evil); for Yours is the power and the glory for ever.

Thrice in the day thus pray.

May seem more familiar, or at least the end, and they sure as heck didn't get it from the Bible. I think they got it from the Didache Chapter 8, the apocryphal, but still pretty holy, book of the compiled wisdom of the Apostles, by way of the Catholic Church which preserved the tradition, but lost the manuscript.

So, owing to the age of this book (certainly older than Eusebius of Caesarea who wrote about it in the 4th century), it's pretty clear that the Lord's Prayer was interpreted as "the what to pray" if you want to be a Christian.

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Truly, there is no place in the Bible where you can find MANDATORY prayer. But Jesus gave us some guidelines on how we should pray and what the content of our prayer should be.

Recommended is the Lord's prayer which I found sufficient to cater for all needs of a christian. This doesn't mean you have to pray it verbatim but reflect on every part of it and pray it in your own words.

The Lord's prayer encourages approaching God in prayer like a child to Father, that every christian should anticipate the coming of christ and value doing the will of God. Daily provision of food, Deliverance from evil, grace not to fall into temptation, forgiveness of sins and so on.

Sticking to this alone is enough for a christian to be sustained in life journey and the christian journey.

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