A quick answer is no. Jesus teachings were based on the Torah, hence Paul cannot be teaching about Jesus but teaching about the Teachings of Moses aka Torah. Torah by the way does not mean Law but Teachings. But first you need to look at Paul.
Paul is a very complex person, we do not really know his real intentions but we could only infer, I am in the process of writing an essay on Paul, so here are some of my thoughts on him.
Paul was a liar.
If my falsehood enhances God’s truthfulness and so increases his glory, why am I still condemned as a sinner? Romans 3:7
Maybe he was being rhetorical but we can also say that he is lying, liars are consistent with their inconsistency of events, we can either say he was having Alzheimer's or he was just a liar with a hidden agenda.Paul's journey for me is still questionable, after his conversion did he go to Jerusalem first or did he go there last. We have his letter to the Galatians.
I did not go up to Jerusalem to see those who were apostles before I was, but I went into Arabia. Later I returned to Damascus. Then after three years, I went up to Jerusalem to get acquainted with Cephas and stayed with him fifteen days. Galatians 1:17-18
While in Acts 9:26 it said something else:
When he came to Jerusalem...
Did he go to Jerusalem after his conversion in Damascus or did he first go to Arabia? I think he never did go to Jerusalem, he in fact presented himself as a Christian throughout his journeys. Because we have this hint with his conversation with James which seems to be the same message as in Acts 15 and Acts 21:20-24. So the writer of Acts must have confused two issues on Paul. According to Robert Eisenman Acts 1 -16 is problematic.
24 We have heard that some went out from us without our authorization and disturbed you, troubling your minds by what they said. 25 So we all agreed to choose some men and send them to you with our dear friends Barnabas and Paul— 26 men who have risked their lives for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. 27 Therefore we are sending Judas and Silas to confirm by word of mouth what we are writing. 28 It seemed good to the Holy Spirit and to us not to burden you with anything beyond the following requirements: 29 You are to abstain from food sacrificed to idols, from blood, from the meat of strangled animals and from sexual immorality. You will do well to avoid these things.
Remember in his letter to the Galatians he did not go to Jerusalem first. With that said even if Paul did go to Jerusalem first, his message in Romans 13 and those found in 1Cor 5 -8, are consistent with the Torah, and even the message of James. These are in fact parts of the Universal Law or as the modern Rabbinical tradition would have it -- the Noahide Law.
This is the same message of the letter but in Acts 21
20 When they heard this, they praised God. Then they said to Paul: “You see, brother, how many thousands of Jews have believed, and all of them are zealous for the law. 21 They have been informed that you teach all the Jews who live among the Gentiles to turn away from Moses, telling them not to circumcise their children or live according to our customs. 22 What shall we do? They will certainly hear that you have come, 23 so do what we tell you. There are four men with us who have made a vow. 24 Take these men, join in their purification rites and pay their expenses, so that they can have their heads shaved. Then everyone will know there is no truth in these reports about you, but that you yourself are living in obedience to the law
James here is the one talking to Paul, clearly Paul was accused of preaching those message that James said. In fact this was true, that is why Paul was thrown out of the Synagogues in the first place. In fact he wrote to the Galatians about the Torah as a guardian.
Gal 3: 23-25
Before the coming of this faith, we were held in custody under the law, locked up until the faith that was to come would be revealed. So the law was our guardian until Christ came that we might be justified by faith. Now that this faith has come, we are no longer under a guardian
Here is what James said in contrast to what Paul said;
But he who looks into the perfect law of liberty and continues in it, and is not a forgetful hearer but a doer of the work, this one will be blessed in what he does. James 1:25
So why did James wrote this letter here? Because Paul was going around telling people to throw the Torah away, do not circumcise your children... James was doing damage control
Remember what Jesus also said about the Torah and the Prophets.
Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them Matt 5:17
Today religious Jews continue to fulfill the Torah.
You cannot throw out the Torah because it would completely violate the warnings in Deuteronomy 13, and Paul cannot stand based on the criteria of a prophet or messenger here. Here is Deuteronomy 13: 1-8
- Everything I command you that you shall be careful to do it. You shall neither add to it, nor subtract from it.
- If there will arise among you a prophet, or a dreamer of a dream, and he gives you a sign or a wonder,
- and the sign or the wonder of which he spoke to you happens, [and he] says, "Let us go after other gods which you have not known, and let us worship them,"
- you shall not heed the words of that prophet, or that dreamer of a dream; for the Lord, your God, is testing you, to know whether you really love the Lord, your God, with all your heart and with all your soul
- You shall follow the Lord, your God, fear Him, keep His commandments, heed His voice, worship Him, and cleave to Him.
- And that prophet, or that dreamer of a dream shall be put to death; because he spoke falsehood about the Lord, your God Who brought you out of the land of Egypt, and Who redeemed you from the house of bondage, to lead you astray from the way in which the Lord, your God, commanded you to go; so shall you clear away the evil from your midst.
- If your brother, the son of your mother, tempts you in secret or your son, or your daughter, or the wife of your embrace, or your friend, who is as your own soul saying, "Let us go and worship other gods, which neither you, nor your forefathers have known."
- Of the gods of the peoples around you, [whether] near to you or far from you, from one end of the earth to the other end of the earth;
If we look at this chapter, the YHWH in the flesh concept, it would not stand, because the Jews never experienced a God that came down to earth, clothed in humanity by being born from a virgin, sacrificed, died and resurrected.
The Jesus that I know would uphold the Torah not throw it away. From Mark the oldest known gospel Jesus says in Mark 12:
29 “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.[e] 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’[f] 31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’[g] There is no commandment greater than these.”
Verse 29 being what Judaism calls the Shema (Deut 6:4), is still practiced today by Jews. So why are Christians not reciting it daily? Jesus simplifies the 10 commandments into two categories the commandments for God and the commandments for ones fellow man. Furthermore the 'Love your neighbor' is found in Leviticus 19:9-18
When Jesus said this "Do to others what you want them to do to you" he was being a good Jew and simply paraphrasing Rabbi Hillel who said "That of which is despicable to you do not do unto thy neighbor"
Jesus(alive or before he was crucified) was consistent with his fealty to the Torah of Moses, while Paul sounds very confused.
Liars are always on the defensive, in some of Paul's letters he always mentions that he is not lying this is the truth; here are some lie verses.
“The God and Father of the Lord Jesus, who is to be praised forever, knows that I am not lying” 2Cor 11:31.
“I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie” Gal 1:20
“And for this purpose I was appointed a herald and an apostle—I am telling the truth, I am not lying—and a true and faithful teacher of the Gentiles” 1Tim 2:7.
What does Jesus say about swearing and using the name of God? Matthew 5:34-37
34 But I tell you, do not swear an oath at all: either by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. 36 And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. 37 All you need to say is simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything beyond this comes from the evil one
In conclusion, I cannot say Paul is consistent with the teachings of Jesus which is the Torah, but perhaps his version of Jesus. His conversion is also sketchy, no one really heard the actual words of Jesus when he called Paul, therefore no actual witness apart from him alone.
My companions saw the light, but they did not understand the voice of him who was speaking to me. Acts 22:9