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Do we know of any martyrs from among the Roman Catholic Church that lived during the 5 centuries before Martin Luther (i.e. 10 - 15th centuries). I am especially interested in those who have been well-spoken of by Martin Luther.

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There were definitely martyrs. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Christian_martyrs_by_century I'm not familiar enough with Luther to list any he thought particularly highly of. –  Andrew Leach Apr 29 '12 at 8:29
    
Thank you Andrew. A very good list. –  brilliant Apr 30 '12 at 4:14
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up vote 6 down vote accepted

St. Thomas Beckett - 1170 - assassinated at a church for annoying the king who made him Archbishop.

St. Bernard and companions - 1226 - killed by the Moors

Bl. Charles the Good - 1127 - killed at church after stopping black marketers

St. Stanislaus - 1079 - killed after excommunicating a wicked king.

St. Elphege - 1012 - killed by Danish invaders for refusing ransom by selling off his church property.

St Adalbert - 983 - killed evangelizing Prussians.

St. Joan of Arc - 1412 - (not canonized until 1920, but pardoned thirty years after her death) burned at the stake and not really a martyr, but I thought I'd throw her in here.

St Wenceslaus - 929 - killed by his brother while praying in a church.

St. John Nepomucene - 1390 - drowned in the Vltava by a very different King Wenceslaus for refusing to violate the Seal of confession.

I found these folks just by looking through my lives of the saints book there are undoubtably more. I haven't a clue about Luther's knowledge of these particular saints. However, I think it's safe to say that everyone knew about St Thomas Beckett. Everyone knew about Joan of Arc. And everyone from Luther's neck of the woods knew about St. Wenceslaus and St Stanislaus.

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Thank you Peter very much. Can you, please, tell me what the "neck of the woods" mean? –  brilliant Apr 30 '12 at 4:13
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Neck of the woods: locality, area, especially one which is familiar because of residence. –  Andrew Leach Apr 30 '12 at 7:52
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@AndrewLeach thanks, I just realized how much of a recursively worthless idiom that might be! –  Peter Turner Apr 30 '12 at 14:03
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