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In His conversation with Nicodemus, Jesus referenced the story of the snake in the desert and indicated that it foreshadowed Himself. How exactly does this story foreshadow Jesus?

And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up. John 3:14 ESV

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6 Answers 6

up vote 12 down vote accepted

Numbers 21:6-9 (NIV)

6 Then the LORD sent venomous snakes among them; they bit the people and many Israelites died. 7 The people came to Moses and said, “We sinned when we spoke against the LORD and against you. Pray that the LORD will take the snakes away from us.” So Moses prayed for the people.

8 The LORD said to Moses, “Make a snake and put it up on a pole; anyone who is bitten can look at it and live.” 9 So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, they lived.

I believe the key here is the type of action that was taken "raising up" and the result of that action "healing". If you recall the people of Israel were struck with a plague of snakes. To alleviate the plague Moses was instructed to raise up a bronze snake and all who looked at the snake were healed.

Jon 3:14-15(NIV)

14 Just as Moses lifted up the snake in the wilderness, so the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15 that everyone who believes may have eternal life in him.”

We are bitten with a plague of sin, Christ was raised up on the Cross. Those who look to Christ are healed. I also don't think its a coincidence that the plague was snakes. This goes back to more snake imagery involving Jesus from Genesis:

Genesis 3:15(NIV)

15 And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.”

Jesus' coming was foreshadowed with snakes as far back as Genesis, this is a continuation of that theme.

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snake = sin. Jesus became a snake (sin) for us. –  Thomas Shields Apr 5 '12 at 20:21
oh, and +1 for tying it back to the garden! –  Thomas Shields Apr 5 '12 at 20:27

The snake being lifted up in the wilderness is a symbol of Christ 'becoming sin' and being 'lifted up' on the cross. Those who looked upon it lived even if they had the poison of the serpent in them, and in like fashion, those that look upon Christ crucified are saved from the venom of death. To understand what 'looking' means in this case you must consider that to accept the Gospel one must accept 'The Crucified God' - a big deal for pagans (and later, Muslims) who reject the idea of a God who would permit himself to be killed by men and actually die.

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The snake was killed and hung up on a wooden pole. Jesus was killed and hung on a wooden cross. People looked to the snake to be cured from a physical plague. People looked to Jesus to be cured of the plague of sin.

Perhaps one could draw further analogies, but I think that's the essence of what Jesus was pointing out.

I made a comment on another question that I think Christians find too many parallels to Christ in the Old Testament. But this was is clearly spelled out by Jesus himself.

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what you say here is good, but its already covered by RiverC and WaxEagle in their answers. Perhaps you could distinguish your answer somehow? –  Thomas Shields Apr 7 '12 at 4:35

When the Israelites were bitten by serpents in the wilderness, God told Moses to put a bronze serpent on a pole. The pole represents the cross and bronze speaks of judgment. Those who beheld the serpent on the pole lived because they saw their problem — the deadly serpent — nailed and put to death on the cross. (Numbers 21:6–9)

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Welcome to C.SE! When you get the chance, please check out our tour and specifically How we are different than other sites. This is 100% the right reference, but if you could add context and explanation, it would be more helpful. Remember - the Gospel is veiled to those who are perishing! –  Affable Geek Feb 26 '14 at 20:05

In the Old Testament the people were healed of sickness and death. In Jesus we are healed of sickness and death. As long as people keep believing that we are healed from sin alone Gods people are going to continue to die of sicknesses. My people perish from a lack of Knowledge, God says. When we look at a cross section of the Church we see that there is just as much sickness as the world, just as much cancer, obesity, diabetes, you mane it. It is time we allow ourselves to profit from Jesus in this life not just the next.

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I don't see how this answers the original question - you don't mention the serpent at all. –  James T Aug 23 '13 at 13:17
Welcome to the site! While I don't disagree with what you're saying, this doesn't answer the question. That's not uncommon for a first post, so I hope you don't take this negatively or as a discouragement. When you get a chance, you should check the Help center to get a feel for how this site differs from a typical discussion forum. –  David Aug 23 '13 at 13:36

We can also note that in the proper Hindu religion the yogis raise the 'kundalini' ( coiled serpent-like lifeforce) up from it's normal tangled knot at the base of the spine ( where consciousness is totally caught up with the affairs and desires of the material world) using special meditation techniques ( similar to those known to Moses and Jesus and his immediate disciples) so that the serpent of lifeforce is drawn up the human spine through the lower chakras to the highest chakras in the head. In this way, one raises one's consciousness away from 'sin' to unite with one's inner Christ Conciousness. The goal of spiritual yoga is Union with God. Thus, the raising on a pole of a bronze serpent symbolises the aspiration to raise one's own inner 'serpent' to the highest states of consciousness, where one would no longer be troubled by snakes from the material world. Paramahansa Yogananda, the last in a line of Gurus from India dating back to Krishna, has made available a Kriya technique for ordinary people all over the world to be able to do this. It is pleasing to see that many are now doing this - but it requires dedication and effort. It is said that when Jesus talks of the Son of Man he is talking about himself ( and indeed any human being) as a person in this world with a physical body.

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Welcome to the site! This next has nothing to do with the quality of your answer, it's just standard to help new visitors avoid misunderstanding the site (as I did at first.) As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following two posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": the help page and How we are different than other sites? –  David Dec 29 '13 at 21:34
That said, I fail to see how this represents a Christian perspective. –  David Dec 29 '13 at 21:35
The Christian perspective. Well, we are talking about Christ Consciousness - that is, the state of God communion. Jesus reminded people around him when he said 'Do not your own texts say that 'Ye are all gods''. The actual John 3:14 raises central issues. Perhaps not so much about foreshadowing things but rather linking things. Jesus chooses to bring the serpent into the forefront of his revelatory talk with Nicodemus - who was a Pharisee of considerable status, but who had secretly come to Jesus by night because he felt deeply that Jesus had contact with God. –  Oliver H Dec 29 '13 at 22:10

protected by wax eagle Feb 26 '14 at 13:34

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