I see that our current-day Bibles only refer to God as LORD. Can you explain to me what the different names of God are and what they mean?
closed as too broad by Flimzy, Affable Geek, Mawia, Narnian, fredsbend Nov 18 '13 at 1:26
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Genesis 1:1 (ESV)
1 In the beginning, God [Elohim] created the heavens and the earth.
Pslam 19:1 (ESV)
1 The heavens declare the glory of God, [Elohim] and the sky above proclaims his handiwork.
The name "Elohim" means "God" and is a reference to God's power and might.
Malachi 1:6 (ESV)
… And if I am a master, where is my fear? says the LORD of hosts [Adonai] to you, O priests…
Adonai means "Lord" and refers to the Lordship of God.
Genesis 2:4 (ESV)
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created,in the day that the LORD God [Jehovah-Yahweh] made the earth and the heavens.
Translated as I am, I am who am, or I am who I am, and indicates God's personal, eternal, non-contingent nature. It is given to Moses by God when prompted for His name.
13"You are to speak to the people of Israel and say, 'Above all you shall keep my Sabbaths, for this is a sign between me and you throughout your generations, that you may know that I, the LORD, [Jehovah-Maccaddeshem] sanctify you.'"
Means "The Lord thy sanctifier"
Psalm 23:1 (ESV)
1The LORD [Jehovah-Rohi] is my shepherd; I shall not want.
Ezekiel 48:35 (ESV)
35The circumference of the city shall be 18,000 cubits. And the name of the city from that time on shall be, The LORD Is There. [Jehovah-Shammah]"
Means "The Lord who is present"
Exodus 15:26 (ESV)
"…I will put none of the diseases on you that I put on the Egyptians, for I am the LORD, your healer. [Jehovah-Rapha]"
Means "The Lord our healer"
Jeremiah 23:6 (ESV)
6In his days Judah will be saved, and Israel will dwell securely. And this is the name by which he will be called: 'The LORD is our righteousness.'
Means "The Lord our righteousness"
Genesis 22:14 (ESV)
14So Abraham called the name of that place, "The LORD will provide"; as it is said to this day, "On the mount of the LORD it shall be provided."
Means "The Lord will provide"
Exodus 17:15 (ESV)
15And Moses built an altar and called the name of it, The LORD Is My Banner,
Means the "The Lord is my banner"
Judges 6:24 (ESV)
24Then Gideon built an altar there to the LORD [Jehovah-Shalom] and called it, The LORD Is Peace. To this day it still stands at Ophrah, which belongs to the Abiezrites.
Means "The Lord is peace"
Isaiah 6:1-3 (ESV)
3And one called to another and said:
Means the "Lord of hosts"
Jeremiah 51:6 (ESV)
6 …Be not cut off in her punishment, for this is the time of the LORD’s [Jehovah-Gmolah] vengeance, the repayment he is rendering her.
Means "The God of Recompense"
Genesis 14:17-20 (ESV)
19And he blessed him and said,
Isaiah 14:14 (ESV)
14I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will make myself like the Most High.'
Means "The most high God"
Genesis 16:13 (ESV)
13 So she called the name of the LORD [El-Roi] who spoke to her, "You are a God of seeing," for she said, "Truly here I have seen him who looks after me."
Means "The strong one who sees"
Genesis 17:1 (ESV)
1 When Abram was ninety-nine years old the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty [El Shaddai]; walk before me, and be blameless,
1 He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High [El-Shaddai] will abide in the shadow of the Almighty.
Means "The God of the mountains" or "God Almighty"
Isaiah 40:31 (ESV)
31but they who wait for the LORD shall renew their strength;
Means "The everlasting God"
I am not sure if this is what you are looking for, but here are some other names of God:
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You may want to start by understanding where the usage of LORD came. LORD is Jehovah, which is Yahweh (YHWH), the ineffable name of the God of Israel. (This is why Jewish people sometimes write G-d.)
Start with the Wikipedia article on Jehova. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jehovah
Under the http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jehovah#Introduction_into_English section, it says "The Authorized King James Bible also, which used Jehovah in a few places, most frequently gave 'the LORD' as the equivalent of the Tetragammaton."
(The Tetragammaton is YHWH.)
PS: My favorite name is 'the LORD of heavens armies' or 'the LORD of hosts'. (The God of Israel is also nice as it is very specific.)
If you are looking for the proper noun name of God, then there is only one name. Some of the said above are titles, except for one name JEHOVAH. When Moises ask God what is his name God said in Exodus 3:15, Then God said once more to Moses: “This is what you are to say to the sons of Israel, Jehovah the God of your forefathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name to time indefinite, and this is the memorial of me to generation after generation - Exodus 3:15 (New World Translation) So God has only one personal name, like you, you have only one personal name.
Below are some verses which are proof that God's proper noun name is Jehovah:
That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth. Psalm 83:18 (King James Version)
Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for the LORD JEHOVAH is my strength and my song; he also is become my salvation. Isaiah 12:2 (King James Version)
Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH is everlasting strength: Isaiah 26:4 (King James Version)
For more information read The Divine Name that Will Endure Forever.
HERE ARE SOME OTHER NAMES OF GOD
JANELLE - GOD IS GRACIOUS
THOR - THY MAKER
ABBA - FATHER
ALPHA & OMEGA - THE BEGINNING & END
IMMANUEL - GOD WITH US
The name of god is rendered in English Jehovah. We do not know that that is exactly how it is pronounced. Your name in your language is familiar to you, but yet when you hear your name in another language it will sometimes sound very alien.
I don't expect a foreign person to be able to pronounce my name correctly. In fact most do not. I am very pleased when someone remembers my name and uses it. It shows me that they cared enough or where interested enough in me to remember my name.
Here is another example. The bible tells us that god wants us to know both his name and the qualities attached to it. Say then that we know the president, but we don't know his name. Knowing the job of the president doesn't help us to understand the man behind the position. We don't know him as a person, only that he is our leader and generally what he is supposed to do.
As for gods name, in the exodus when Moses asked god what he should call him god answered “I shall prove to be what I shall prove to be.” (Exodus 3:14). In other words that means he will become whatever I need to become.
The jews stopped using gods name because of superstitious reasons. God commanded them not to take up his name in a worthless way. Today most bible translations have taken that same aspect of substituting Jehovah's name for Lord and god. Like the president those are just titles and don't allow us to truly identify the traits of god with him.
Another article to consider The Divine Name.
Ok Jehovah is not the actual name but rather one humans have given to God the word YHWH is the proper noun however the vowels were long taken away in Jewish text and culture as to never use the lords name in vain. Now when translated to Jehovah this is again incorrect for the simple fact that there never was any j in the Hebrew language in which was originally used to write these text. However the other names provided are correct and for people asking questions about this or question the other names of God I suggest doing your own independent exegetical work and instead of using Wikipedia which is a non academic source. Try usually scholarly research suck as commentaries, concordances and other scholarly work and would also suggest taking Hebrew for those that use the word Jehovah :-)
the question was "what are the different names of god in the bible and what do they mean?" However, IN TH BIBLE there is only ONE name for god! best identified from the tetragrammaton "YHWH" Yahweh which means "hayah asher hayah" translated "I AM THAT I AM" in Exodus 3:14. To which many bible scholars and teachers admit. This name speaks to the awesomeness of the creator's power to be self existent. Nowhere in the bible refers to the NAMES of God only NAME (singular). It has been a very common error for persons to use the creator's "TITLES" for names. Man-given titles such as god, lord, Lord God are common in the bible and the man-given name Jehovah. As someone previously posted, there is no J in the Hebrew alphabet. The name was first given in Hebrew. The letter J was not a part of the english alphabet until around the middle to late 1800s. So what was the creator's name before that time?...could not have been Jehovah.
protected by Affable Geek Nov 18 '13 at 14:30
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