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1 Corinthians 5:9-11 states that

I have written you in my letter no to associate with sexually immoral people -- not at all meaning the people of this world who are immoral, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters. In that case you would have to leave this world. But I am writing you that you must not associate with anyone who calls himself a brother but is sexually immoral or greedy, an idolater or a slanderer, a drunkard or a swindler. With such a man do not even eat.

Why are the sexually immoral singled out as those with whom the Corinthians should not associate? I don't see any reason why such sin should be considered better or worse than any other. Thank you.

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That appears to oppose "The Believer’s Freedom" - "So whether you eat or drink or whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God." –  user1054 Mar 20 '12 at 20:53
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@DanAndrews The Scripture clearly states that the Believer's Freedom is not to be used to indulge the sinful nature. –  Narnian Mar 20 '12 at 22:04
    
@narnian Sorry for not being so clear, I was thinking specifically to "With such a man do not even eat." After reading what I wrote, and w/o knowing specifically what I was talking about, you're completely right - I didn't intend it that way. –  user1054 Mar 21 '12 at 1:03
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4 Answers

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Because, as 1 Corinthians 6:18 says,

Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are outside his body, but he who sins sexually sins against his own body

As a port-town frequented by sailors (and Cretens!) Corinth had a lot of sexual sin going on. The town had all sorts of temple prostitutes. In sinning with said prostitutes, a person is using his own body in such a way as to bring disgrace to Christ:

Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ himself? Shall I then take the members of Christ and unite them with a prostitute? Never! Do you not know that he who unites himself with a prostitute is one with her in body? For it is said, “The two will become one flesh.” 17 But whoever is united with the Lord is one with him in spirit.

And finally, at least one member of the Corinthian church was engaging in gross immorality, even by the standards of such an immoral town. As 1 Corinthians 5:1 states:

It is actually reported that there is immorality among you, and immorality of such a kind as does not exist even among the Gentiles, that someone has his father’s wife.

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Thanks, that first verse is particularly interesting. I had never thought of sexual sin in that way. –  Pupple Mar 20 '12 at 23:54
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The Apostle John actually commands believers to not associate with those professing to be believers who deny that Jesus came in the flesh.

For many deceivers have gone out into the world, those who do not confess the coming of Jesus Christ in the flesh. Such a one is the deceiver and the antichrist. 8 Watch yourselves, so that you may not lose what we have worked for, but may win a full reward. 9 Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. 10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not receive him into your house or give him any greeting, 11 for whoever greets him takes part in his wicked works. 2 John 1:7-11 ESV

Additionally, Jesus Himself taught that there times when believers should disassociate from others who claimed to be believers:

“If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. 16 But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses. 17 If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector." Matthew 18:15-17 ESV

For a Jew at that time, there was strict rules about associating with Gentiles (those who did not worship the one true God).

Of course, no one--Christian and non-Christian and even atheist alike--should ever associate with tax collectors. That's a universal moral absolute.

Paul's instructions are directed at a specific case that was occurring in the Corinthian church, so he didn't mention those who deny that Jesus came in the flesh or because that wasn't an issue in the Corinthian church at the time--really bad sexual immorality was.

So, sexual immorality is not singled out in the body of Scripture for disassociation--it's just mentioned because it was occurring in this specific instance.

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I'm not sure Paul is singling out the sexually immoral. The only place they are mentioned exclusively is when he talks about his previous writing. Everywhere else he says " immoral, or the greedy and swindlers, or idolaters...". I would take that as a deliberately inclusive list - i.e. he is making a long list to make it clear that he's talking about all kinds of morality. A possible interpretation is that he wrote previously about sexual immorality for some reason, and now he's is having to correct a few misinterpretations, one being that sexually immorality is a special kind of immorality.

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If we take a look at the surrounding context, we see that Paul is dealing with a case of sexual immorality within the church:

1 Corinthians 5:1-2 (NASB)
1 It is actually reported that there is immorality among you, and immorality of such a kind as does not exist even among the Gentiles, that someone has his father’s wife. 2 You have become arrogant and have not mourned instead, so that the one who had done this deed would be removed from your midst.

So he is specifically dealing with sexual immorality in the context, and basically tacks on "and for that matter, not greedy, swindlers, or idolaters either". It is evident that in the passage you cite (v 9-11), he is still operating in the context set up in v 1-2, because he goes on in verse 13 to say:

1 Corinthians 5:13 (NASB)
13 But those who are outside, God judges. REMOVE THE WICKED MAN FROM AMONG YOURSELVES.

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Thanks! So is this particular instance specified for the Church in Corinth, but not a general principle to always be applied? In that Christians today shouldn't be afraid to associate with sexually immoral, otherwise how else could there be any outreach? –  Pupple Mar 20 '12 at 23:53
    
Well, Paul is dealing with a specific case, but I think he's also referencing a general principal. And that is that sexual immorality is serious, and can't be allowed to go on unchecked within the Church (any church). What "unchecked" means varies from situation to situation, and in extreme cases, such as this one (especially since the Corinthians even boasted in it), it may mean excommunication, in order to preserve the integrity of the church. Remember that this is only applicable within the Church - he goes out of his way to tell us not to hold the world to such standards. –  Eric Mar 21 '12 at 0:21
    
Note the passage you quoted included the phrase, "not at all meaning the people of this world who are immoral". He is saying that Christians should not associate with someone who calls himself a Christian but who engages in flagrant, unrepentant sin. He then clarifies that he is not talking about people who do not claim to be Christians. As you say, if we did that, we couldn't engage in any sort of missions. –  Jay Mar 21 '12 at 7:18
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