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When talking with a Catholic friend (I'm a Protestant) about the apocrypha/deuterocanonical books, it occurred to me that a possible argument for their inclusion in the Canon would be their authority, measured in two ways:

  • Claiming to be speaking on behalf of God (e.g "Thus saith the Lord...")
  • Being quoted by other books considered to be a part of the Canon

Thus, I was wondering which (if any) books are quoted or referenced in the New Testament?

Also, are there any OT books that quote the apocrypha? (I have a feeling this may be a stupid question since, if I understand correctly, they were mostly written before the apocrypha.)

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Yes actually there are quotes in the NT from apocryphal books. 1st Peter comes to mind but I don't have references right now so I wont make this an answer. Being quoted, however, didn't make a work authoritative or inspired. Paul quoted Greek poets! – Caleb Feb 28 '12 at 5:02
That is a good open minded question, not a stupid one! Check out this related question and this one for a bit more background on the relative ages of the books. – Peter Turner Feb 28 '12 at 15:11
Indeed Caleb, good point! Thanks for the extra reading material @PeterTurner! – Jeff Bridgman Feb 28 '12 at 17:40
There's a tally on Wikipedia, see Non-canonical_books_referenced_in_the_Bible. – Liudvikas Bukys Feb 28 '12 at 22:13
@Caleb: The other day my son and I were reading his Bible formatted for children and it used a pull-out quote from 1 Corinthians 15:33: "Bad company corrupts good morals." Paul was quoting the Greek playwright Menander! – Jon Ericson Feb 28 '12 at 22:20
up vote 12 down vote accepted

There are no direct quotes, at least, not in the sense that, for example, Isaiah is quoted, but there are certainly several allusions and parallel passages. Here is a list of some of them from both NT and OT (and yes, I am well aware that some of those are debatable).

As to "other books quoting them," it should be noted that neither Song of Songs, Esther, or Ecclesiastes are quoted elsewhere in scripture. It should also be noted that the Apocalypse of Enoch is quoted in Jude as well as I & II Peter (and it is fairly obviously quoted in Jude and II Peter) and no one sees that document as canonical.

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I realize this is an old post, but for the record, the Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox do consider the book of Enoch to be canonical. – ffxtian Sep 26 '15 at 23:28

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