From what I understand of premillenial eschatology, during the millennial reign, people who survived the tribulation will have their longevity returned like before the flood, but they will still die. What happens to those that die, but are saved? Jesus is already on earth with the saints, the people saved before the tribulation; but what about those saved after? Would they just get their glorified bodies immediately?
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This is a good question. What does happen to the people who are born into the Millennial Reign and then die? During this time there are those who are involved in the 1st resurrection present on the earth. The 1st resurrection has subsections of groups who are resurrected after Christ. First is the Bride of Christ. Secondly are the Old Testament saints. Thirdly are the ones who died in the Great tribulation. All these are part of the 1st resurrection at the start of the Millennial reign. The second resurrection has one occurrence at the end of the Millennial reign. This includes everyone through history who did not believe and thus did not have righteousness credited to them. So we are left with the ones who have mortal bodies yet believed on Christ in the Millennial reign. The problem is they die and need resurrection bodies to continue in the New Heavens and New Earth.
It is my understanding that Rev20:5 answers the question. Its subject is about the 1st resurrection, describing the Tribulation saints as blessed for being a part of it. The 'rest of the dead' are those dying in the Millennial reign of Christ. Rev 20:6 The second death has no power over them seems to include the dead of v5. So in a nutshell, according to Rev 20:5 the millennial believers are resurrected at the end of the Millennial reign. Useful?
When Adam and Eve were first created they were given bodies that were immortal. Meaning that they would not die. With the single act of sin in the garden, they put on mortality and as a result death entered into creation. Death was foreign prior to the first sin. Often we hear that the raptured will get glorified incorruptible bodies. That is not what the Scripture tells us. Paul tells us that the DEAD gets glorified incorruptible bodies.
1 Cor. 15:51-54 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality. So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.
Look at the distinction that Paul makes… the DEAD get the glorified incorruptible bodies, while the raptured are merely changed. The raptured get bodies just like Adam and Eve did prior to the fall, where they put on mortality with the single act of sin.
The significance of this in relation to the rapture is eye opening. Firstly, if the raptured don’t get glorified incorruptible bodies, then they cannot be heaven bound. Rather they meet Jesus in the air (1 Thess. 4) or clouds (Matt. 24:29-31). Translated from one place on Earth to another. At this point the raptured are forever with the Lord. Jesus is not headed back to heaven in a giant u-turn as some suppose, but on His way to the Mount of Olives… Zech 14:4,5
Paul tells the Bride how to get ready on Earth for when Jesus comes for her with all of His saints…1 Thess. 3:10-13. All of His saints refer to those who have died and risen first. They are the ones that have been dwelling the the places in heaven that Jesus stated in John 14:2,3, “In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.” Jesus is going to be dwelling on Earth for the next 1000 years. The tribulation saints who were martyred during the tribulation will be ruling and reigning with Him there…Rev. 20:4. Jesus and His saints will not be returning to those dwelling places in heaven spoken of in John for 1000 years. So you see, there is no need for the raptured to have glorified incorruptible bodies until then, because they are not heaven bound until the end of the millennium.
The word for rapture “harpazo” is used twice in the Word. Once in 1 Thess. 4 and the other in Acts where Philip was translated from the sea where he baptized the Ethiopian Eunuch. Philip disappeared from one location and reappeared in another on Earth. That is the definition of a rapture. Often it is referred to as translated. At the “rapture” or our gathering together with Him (2 Thess. 2:1), we are relocated from one place on Earth to another. First the air/clouds, then to the Mount of Olives.
Satan is bound for 1000 years. I do not know if sin is totally absent from the Earth at that time due to the selfishness of the flesh, but the tempter is not present until the end. It appears that sin is not totally absent from what Isaiah states… Is. 65:20 Obviously the choice to sin could “put on” mortality once again, if that were possible for the elect. However, reproduction and having children is very possible for the elect, who do not have glorified bodies, but rather immortal bodies like Adam and Eve at the beginnings of creation. Isaiah speaks of this form of immortality in Isaiah 65:20.
In Summary: It is important to understand that without glorified bodies, residence in heaven doesn’t take place. Only the dead get glorified bodies. Without them the raptured remain on Earth with Christ for 1000 years. Methuselah lived 969 years with a mortal body. Longevity is the correct understanding of immortality that is spoken of by Paul.
According to Rev.20:14 and Rev.21:1-5, death is cast into the lake of fire after the millennial and the final judgement is over and therefore, the sting of death and the victory of the grave are no more. Therefore all the survivors of the great tribulation that shall live on to the millennial reign of Jesus Christ with their mortal bodies and all the children born during the period will still be subjected to death until after the final judgement. after the final judgement, no one will die again. So i believe, eventhough it is not stated categorically in the those passages, that those with mortal bodies will then be automatically transformed by the Holy Spirit.
Here's how I understand it. The people who have become believers during the Millennium Kingdom won't die! Think about it. We know from Scripture that the people who make up the population during this time are those who were martyred during the Tribulation and came back to life to reign with Christ, and those who didn't take the mark of the beast, instead choosing to believe and accept Christ and survived the Tribulation. The other inhabitants are the Saints-the dead in Christ who were resurrected and those raptured before the Tribulation. They will also rule and reign with Christ. The people who are still in fleshly bodies will be like as in Noah's day, eating and drinking, working and playing, marrying and having children. Everyone will live long, long lives. The age of accountability will be extended to a hundred years! There will be no babies or children that die. All who are born during that time will have to choose Jesus (be saved) just as before the Millennium. Those who don't accept Christ will be cursed. If they die during the Millennium, they will go to Hades to await the final judgment. If they remain alive until the thousand years over ended, then they will have an opportunity to accept Christ or participate in the last rebellion when Satan will be loosed for a time to deceive the nations. There will be absolutely no fence sitting at this time. After the thousand years are ended, the rest of the dead will come back to life and be judged. Read Rev. 21 for what happens next!
The passage you link to is Isaiah 65:20:
Your assumption is that this is referring to Christians. However, we know that during the Millenium there will be Christians and non-Christians (either those that come out of the Tribulation or perhaps people born during these 1000 years):
So my understanding is that Christians will all have their resurrected, immortal bodies during the Millenium, and non-Christians will not.
Unfortunately, this theory does not address what happens to people who become Christians during this time!