What is the biblical basis for the priesthood of all believers?
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This doctrine was made evident from several passages:
Wikipedia is a good source for more information.
The priesthood of all believers is the most ignored, yet one of the most fundamental doctrines of the Bible. I believe this because of a basic misunderstanding of the qualifications, appointment, and function of a priest. In the 21st Century, a priest is associated with advanced seminary degrees, formal appointment as a clergy and conducting sacraments.
Arthur Lindsley observed in The Priesthood of All Believers:
As you can see from this quote, priesthood of all believers was a promise first made to the Israelites during the exodus. God promised He will make them a kingdom of priests, a holy nation and His own possession (Exodus 19:5-6). But there was one condition (Exodus 19:5), "if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant."
As the story of Exodus progresses, we all know Israel failed to meet the condition and in the end Levi was appointed to be a tribe were the priests would come from. But, this highlights another important aspect of priesthood: priests followed a specific bloodline. Only people in a specific family were allowed to be priests.
Jesus' priesthood was of the order of Melchizedek and as believers we're his siblings. So, then God fulfills His promise of making a kingdom of priests and a holy nation in us. Uche Anizor and Hank Voss, makes this point, priesthood of all believers, clear by recounting Mark 12 when Jesus and His disciples were accused of breaking the Sabbath:
I hope this answers your question.