The LDS Bible Dictionary entry on faith states that one of the effects of true faith in Christ is "an assurance of personal salvation in the world to come." How does this assurance compare to the Methodist doctrine on assurance? What do they have in common and what is distinct?
I was a member of the LDS church for 20 years. I've been a Methodist for 2 years.
The sentence from the LDS Bible Dictionary:
In LDS church doctrine, all people will be saved. What this means is that all people will be resurrected, and as spirits, regain a perfected body.
However, your place in the kingdoms of God is determined by how you lived your life. Mormons work so that they will be worthy of the highest kingdom of God, the celestial kingdom.
The LDS church has an obscure ordinance called the second anointing.
So yes, according to LDS doctrine, you can have an assurance of personal salvation. However, a member of the LDS church has to work very hard to be worthy of a second anointing.
The LDS church doctrine is based on salvation by works. Many, many works.
The sentence from the Methodist doctrine of assurance:
This comes from Romans 8:16:
John Wesley delivered a sermon entitled "The Witness of the Spirit".
Here's the pertinent line from the sermon:
Basically, it's God assuring us that God loves us and is with us, no matter what we did or didn't do.
Methodist doctrine is based on salvation by grace. Works do not earn you a place in heaven, but rather strengthen our character and serve others through God.