Obviously they refer to the same human being, however what are some beliefs that Christians hold about Jesus that Muslims do not share. I ask this question in sort of an apologetic spirit so that I can explain it to others.
The simplest place to start is that Muslims view Jesus as a man with a special role as prophet. Christians view him as God himself in the flesh (incarnate). To Muslims, the idea that God had a son is blasphemy. Even though Christians view him as one in the same being (as a person in the Trinity) and thus still hold the idea of God being one, that concept does not compute in the Islamic faith.
Interestingly there is a reference in the Qur'an to Jesus being considered sinless, but the ramifications of this idea are not developed.
Besides that detail, the rest of the story follows relatively consistently from the key identity issue of being God incarnate or just a man. In Islam, as just a prophet, Jesus plays no role in salvation and it is not accepted that he rose from the dead. Views on whether he was actually crucified vary, but the resurrection is never recognized.
In Christianity, Jesus role is not just that of a prophet (1 Peter 2:22), but also those of a priest and king -- The King: Lord of all creation and Lord of salvation.
Here are the differences:
I hope this answers your question.
Source: The Dark Side of Islam by R. C. Sproul, Abdul Saleeb
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Why not take a look at the same question from the Muslim perspective, which is actually very informative:
Muslims believe Jesus (Isa Masih):
Islam accepts Jesus as a prophet. A man of God so to speak. They also believe he was born of a virgin and did miracles, but take the Gnostic Gospels take on his crucifixion and somehow think that it was just a big hoax and some even think that it was Judas who died on the cross.
It is one of the greatest ironies of Islam that the one thing they differ from Christians about Jesus is the thing that is most uncontroversial about him. That he died on the cross. It is the one thing that almost all of the New Testament scholars believe is true.
Even the non Christian ones like Marcus Borg and John Dominic Crossan of the Jesus seminar agree with Christianity on this point.
Some opinions of Islam on Jesus which is possibly similar to christian belief-
Some differing points may be-
protected by Caleb♦ Mar 9 at 12:51
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