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Before anything in our world was created, God was already there. Also, there is biblical evidence for omniscience.

However, did God, prior to the creation of everything, already know the events that would unfold in our world?

What are the different viewpoints regarding God's foreknowledge of the events of this world?

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I've made a substantial edit to the question based on your previous comments. If we start out with this question, you will be able to get a survey of beliefs. Moving forward from there, you can ask more questions regarding how individual doctrines deals with the idea of a world that has chosen sin. Thank you for your patience with this process. –  Richard Nov 2 '11 at 14:53
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The Bible indicates that God is eternal and outside of time. As we understand from science, time, space, and matter all came into existence at once. The Creator of time, space, and matter must of necessity be outside of time, space, and matter. God reveals in the Scriptures that He is eternal (outside of time) and He is spirit (outside of space and matter).

Learning or growing in knowledge takes place inside of time, so, in a way, this concept is irrelevant to a Being who is outside of time.

Psalm 139 seems to indicate that God's knowledge includes what we will do in the future:

Even before a word is on my tongue, behold, O LORD, you know it altogether. Psalm 139:4 ESV

It also indicates that God was able to see what was yet unformed, and that every one of our days was written in a book before we were born.

Your eyes saw my unformed substance; in your book were written, every one of them, the days that were formed for me, when as yet there was none of them. Psalm 139:16 ESV

So, a very common position is that God has always known everything. His knowledge has never grown, but has always been complete and infinite.

As one person questioned, "Has it ever occurred to you that nothing has ever occurred to God?"

This doctrine is one that provides us with exceedlingly abundant comfort, because it means that God will never be surprised at our failures. There will never be a time when God gets buyer's remorse when our sins become greater than he originally anticipated. His salvation accounts for all of our sins that we will ever commit--even sins we didn't know we would commit--from the very beginning. He drew us to Himself knowing full well how frequently and how great we would fail and continue in our sin.

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Good stuff... Does this doctrine have a name? The OP may need it for future questions. –  Richard Nov 3 '11 at 12:55
    
This blog post seems to indicate that it is the classical view theologyweb.com/campus/… –  Narnian Nov 3 '11 at 13:13
    
It is called 'foreknowledge', if I recall correctly. Some fathers will say, 'he forknew, but he did not predestine' in reference to our free actions. –  RiverC Nov 4 '11 at 0:24
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No he did not know. But he trusted his word knowing that it will make things PERFECT again. Just like he is asking you to do, trust his word. He call darkness light. He has not stop that word it is still creating light. I know rocket scientist who say light is still being created beyond our sight. And it is moving at the speed of light. God's word is the same yesterday, today and it will be the same tomorrow.

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