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A few times in the book of John, Jesus instructs us to pray "in His Name". What does this mean? How do we know if we are praying in His name? How would we not be praying in His name?

I don't believe this is using "In Jesus' Name, Amen" as the closing line of our prayers.

Whatever you ask in my name, this I will do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son. If you ask me anything in my name, I will do it. John 14:13-14 ESV

You did not choose me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit and that your fruit should abide, so that whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you. John 15:16 ESV

In that day you will ask nothing of me. Truly, truly, I say to you, whatever you ask of the Father in my name, he will give it to you. Until now you have asked nothing in my name. Ask, and you will receive, that your joy may be full. "I have said these things to you in figures of speech. The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figures of speech but will tell you plainly about the Father. In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will ask the Father on your behalf; for the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me and have believed that I came from God. John 16:23-27 ESV

Interestingly, there are other things that refer to "in Jesus' name':

Whoever receives one such child in my name receives me Matthew 18:5 ESV

For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them. Matthew 18:20 ESV

Many will come in my name, saying, 'I am he!' and they will lead many astray. Mark 13:6 ESV

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3 Answers 3

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This can be answered by answering a more general question: what does "in someone's (anyone's) name" mean? It means to act by proxy, on the authority of something or someone greater than yourself. It's a concept that our culture has kind of lost, though it still exists as a storytelling trope. When a medieval herald reads a proclamation "in the name of the king," or a cop yells at a fleeing thief to "stop in the name of the law!" this is what they mean. It's a convenient shorthand for "I'm not just saying this of myself; I'm speaking with the authority of a higher power."

So how does this apply to acting (and praying) in the name of Christ? It means to act in his place. To pray in the name of Jesus is to pray what Jesus would pray if he were in your position. When we understand this in the context of Christ as the Perfect Man and our Exemplar, it means to pray for the right things, to seek the will of God and not our own desires. And whatever we ask the Father in the name of Jesus Christ, that will be given to us.

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To ask "in His name" simply means "in" or "with" His authority....Jesus has given believers His spiritual "power of attorney" to use His authority....God only answer those who approach Him "in" or "with" the consent, or "authority" of His Son. This is another reason Jesus said no one comes unto the Father except by Him. All who believe in the substitutional death of Jesus receive four imputations: the Holy Spirit, eternal life, righteousness, and His (Jesus') authority! The apostle Paul said "these things we are to KNOW!"

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A good answer, though I'd qualify that God does sometimes listen to prayers that aren't prayed in Jesus' name, such as the prayers of the OT saints. But as Christians we have a promise that God will always listen to our prayers. –  curiousdannii Jun 12 at 22:54

Be mindful that Jesus said "no one" comes unto the Father save through Him....that includes in prayer (John 16:23 & 24)....OT saints had direct contact with God, but not NT saints after Jesus came,....God'S presence was with OT saints in the Holy of Hollies, but not after Jesus came,.... God tore the veil of the temple to reveal that His presence was no longer with the Israelites, Jesus became the new way to approach God....Paul called Jesus the "living veil" to approach God....(Hebrews 10:19 & 20)....therefore without approaching God through the "living veil," (Jesus Christ), no one can reach God, not even in prayer! That's why we're to pray "in His name;" that is, with His authorization to do so!

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Welcome to Christianity Stack Exchange! Welcome to the site. As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following two posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": help page and How we are different than other sites? This doesn't really answer the question. The OP clearly recognizes that prayer should be in Jesus' name, s/he is asking what this means specifically, which you have not explained. –  Dan Jun 19 at 18:12

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