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After sinning, Adam and Eve "sewed fig leaves together" and made clothing for themselves. However, when God comes into the garden and calls to Adam, Adam responds by claiming that he was afraid and that his fear came from his own nakedness.

Genesis 3:7-10 (ESV)
7Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths. 8And they heard the sound of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God among the trees of the garden. 9But the LORD God called to the man and said to him, "Where are you?" 10And he said, "I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself."

Why does Adam claim he is still naked, even after clothing himself with the fig leaves?

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Can there be any definitive answer to such a question if the text of the Bible doesn't explain it? Isn't any answer jut a guess? –  Chelonian Oct 14 '11 at 16:26
If all you were wearing was a fig leaf, would you feel fully clothed? –  jchaffee Oct 14 '11 at 20:02
Chelonian, that is my problem with this website, people often want references for things that aren't in the bible. People on this website do not seem to be content with the answer "Scripture doesn't tell us." –  jchaffee Oct 14 '11 at 21:11
+1 huh, I'd never noticed that before –  Dave DeLong Oct 15 '11 at 0:02
@jchaffee - when scripture is silent often you can find a commentary or church doctrine that speaks to an issue. Not every answer has to be scripturally backed, it just has to be supported beyond "this is what I believe" –  wax eagle Oct 20 '11 at 14:06
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4 Answers

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The Nakedness was not merely physical in nature

It's important to note that this is Adam's claim--not God's. Adam and Eve had indeed taken measures to clothe their nakedness after their sin. Before sin, when they were both in a state of innocence, it seems they felt no need for clothing. This is akin to a young child who experiences no shame in being unclothed, much to the chagrin of his parents.

Adam and Eve's clothing appears to have been sufficient in relation to one another. However, as soon as God enters the picture, the insufficiency of their own efforts becomes apparent.

It seems, then, that mankind's efforts to cover over their own sin may be sufficient among others who have sinned, but it is insufficient in the presence of God.

If Adam's nakedness had merely been physical, then physical clothing would have been sufficient to cover over his shame. The shame, however, was not merely physical and neither was his sin. It was also a spiritual act of defiance toward God.

God's Provision

It's interesting to note that later in the chapter, God makes clothing for Adam and Eve. We must wonder what the fig leaves were insufficient and why God considered other clothing to be superior.

The nature of the clothing provided by God is that they were from the skins of an animal. Although this is not explicitly stated, it seems reasonable to conclude that this was the first substitutionary sacrifice. An animal had to die to provide the animal skins for that clothing. The death of the innocent animal was sufficient to cover the shame of sin, yet it was insufficient to atone for the guilt, since Adam and Eve were still banished from the garden.

While the sacrifice of the innocent covered over the shame of sin, it would require the sacrifice of the Righteous One (Jesus) to atone for the guilt.

The physical clothing made by God is then a picture of the spiritual clothing that would be provided through the atoning sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

The New Testament speaks of a type of clothing that comes to followers of Christ:

You are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus, for all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ. Galatians 3:26-27

Now we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands. Meanwhile we groan, longing to be clothed with our heavenly dwelling, because when we are clothed, we will not be found naked. For while we are in this tent, we groan and are burdened, because we do not wish to be unclothed but to be clothed with our heavenly dwelling, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. 2 Corinthians 5:1-2

So, Adam was not naked at that time in a physical sense, but he was still naked (exposed, in a state of shame) in a spiritual sense.

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Because he had not yet confessed to the thing he actually did wrong: breaking God's commandment to not eat of the fruit. So instead, he did what human beings quite often do in that kind of situation: he made up an excuse as a cover story and hoped the person he was talking to would fall for it.

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See meta: "Answers that are not verifiable by using biblical, doctrinal or other factual references are no more useful than simple statements of opinion. These answers should not be allowed." –  Chelonian Oct 15 '11 at 2:39
@Chelonian: I disagree - these answers will be deemed useful or not by the community votes. –  Lawrence Dol Oct 15 '11 at 3:07
@SoftwareMonkey OK, but you might want to engage then in the discussion of this point on meta (this is not my edict, but what I took to be converging there): What makes a good supported answer? –  Chelonian Oct 16 '11 at 5:10
This answer seems like pure speculation to me. It might be right, but what Biblical reference or established church doctrine would you point to for a group that holds this view or what other references do you have of people who have held this interpretation and what hermeneutic principles did they use to arrive at it? What makes this anything more than speculation? –  Caleb Oct 16 '11 at 20:09
I agree with Chelonian and Caleb. Also, just because you're a mod and this answer has a +3 score does not make this answer immune to deletion. That goes for us all. –  El'endia Starman Oct 16 '11 at 21:00
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Adam said that he was afraid because he WAS naked. Past tense. He was not naked when God when God was looking for him. The question asked has a false assumption, that is, that Adam is still naked.

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This answer would be a lot better if you could add references showing that this is a common understanding, and who teaches/believes it. Remember that "I believe it means..." isn't an acceptable answer, since this site isn't about personal interpretation. See How we are different than other sites? and What makes a good supported answer? –  David Stratton Nov 26 '13 at 0:47
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If all you were wearing was a fig leaf, would you feel fully clothed?

Truth is, Scripture doesn't tell us why Adam responds with saying that he is still naked. So apparently Scripture finds the fact that Adam still thought of himself as naked as a minute detail in a narrative that has much larger points.

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Your previous answer (consisting of the first sentence) was converted into a comment. Instead of accepting the mod's decision, you reposted it (albeit with a bit more content). This kind of behavior is strongly frowned upon throughout the StackExchange network. Don't do it again. –  El'endia Starman Oct 14 '11 at 21:39
The correct way to approach it would have been to edit your original answer to include more content and flag it for moderator attention once the new content had been added. –  Richard Oct 17 '11 at 14:33
Yes, thank you for letting me know. –  jchaffee Oct 17 '11 at 15:00
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