Several are listed at this site: http://100prophecies.org/
The site does include several prophecies that are supported primarily by the Biblical record, but several include events that meet the criteria you asked for.
Jesus prophesied that the Temple would be destroyed Bible prophecy:
Matthew 24:1-2 Prophecy written: During the first century Prophecy
fulfilled: 70 AD
In Matthew 24:1-2, Jesus prophesied that the Temple of Jerusalem would
be destroyed and that its destruction would be so complete that not
one stone would be left standing on top of another. His prophecy was
fulfilled about 40 years later when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and
tore down the Temple. The destruction was so complete that even the
foundations of the Temple were dug up, according to Josephus, an
historian who wrote about the destruction
Jesus prophesied that the Jews would be exiled Bible prophecy: Luke
21:24 Prophecy written: During the first century Prophecy fulfilled:
In Luke 21:24, Jesus said that Jerusalem would be trampled upon by
foreigners and that the people of Israel would be forced into exile.
About 40 years after Jesus delivered that prophecy, it began to find
fulfillment. The Romans destroyed Jerusalem in the year 70, and again
in the year 135.
During the first destruction, Josephus, an historian who lived during
the first century, claimed that 1.1 million Jews died and that
hundreds of thousands were forced out of the country and into exile
During the second destruction, Cassius Dio, an historian who lived
during the second century, claimed that 580,000 Jews were killed, and
that 50 fortified towns and 985 villages were destroyed.
The exiled Jews were taken to countries throughout the Roman Empire
and eventually scattered and re-scattered throughout the world.
Daniel foretold the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple Bible
prophecy: Daniel 9:24-26 Prophecy written: About 530 BC Prophecy
fulfilled: 70 AD
During the time of Daniel, who lived about 2600 years ago, the
Babylonians invaded Judah (the southern part of the land of Israel)
and took many Jews, including Daniel, as captives to Babylon.
The Babylonians also destroyed the city of Jerusalem and the Temple,
in 586 B.C.
In Daniel 9:24-26, Daniel delivers a prophecy that Jerusalem and the
Temple would be destroyed, again. Within these verses, Daniel provides
a chronology by which certain events would occur. First, the Jews
would return from captivity and rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple.
Afterwards, an "anointed one," or Messiah, would appear, but he would
be rejected. Then, Jerusalem and the Temple would be destroyed, again.
These events later played out during the century in which Jesus had
announced that he was the Messiah.
Edom would be toppled and humbled Bible prophecy: Jeremiah 49:16
Prophecy written: Sometime between 626-586 BC Prophecy fulfilled:
About 100 BC
In Jeremiah 49:16, the prophet said that Edom, a long-time enemy of
Israel, would be destroyed. Edom's capital city, Petra, was carved out
of a mountain side and had great natural defenses. Nonetheless, it was
destroyed and the kingdom of Edom no longer exists. Today, Petra is
part of Jordan. The city was conquered by the Romans in the year 106
AD but flourished again shortly after that. A rival city, Palmyra,
eventually took most of the trade away from Petra and Petra began to
decline. Petra gradually fell into ruin.
There's also this site: http://www.reasons.org/fulfilled-prophecy-evidence-reliability-bible
Which lists some more, such as...
The prophet Isaiah foretold that a conqueror named Cyrus would destroy
seemingly impregnable Babylon and subdue Egypt along with most of the
rest of the known world. This same man, said Isaiah, would decide to
let the Jewish exiles in his territory go free without any payment of
ransom (Isaiah 44:28; 45:1; and 45:13). Isaiah made this prophecy 150
years before Cyrus was born, 180 years before Cyrus performed any of
these feats (and he did, eventually, perform them all), and 80 years
before the Jews were taken into exile.
The exact location and construction sequence of Jerusalem's nine
suburbs was predicted by Jeremiah about 2600 years ago. He referred to
the time of this building project as "the last days," that is, the
time period of Israel's second rebirth as a nation in the land of
Palestine (Jeremiah 31:38-40). This rebirth became history in 1948,
and the construction of the nine suburbs has gone forward precisely in
the locations and in the sequence predicted.