Psalms is a collection of songs written by many people, compiled latter by some unknown editor. Though David wrote many songs, he did not write all the songs. Some songs were written before David and some after him.
The Psalms were written by numerous people over 1,000 years of
Israel 's history. Some of the Psalms were written as far back as the
time of Moses in 1500 BC. Others were written as late as the time of
Ezra around 500 BC. Most, however, were written in the time of King
David. David himself wrote more of the Psalms than any other author,
composing 73 songs in this collection. While modern scholars often
express doubts as to David's authorship, the bible affirms that the
king was an accomplished musician (1 Samuel 16:18) who was also a
great patron of the temple music (1 Chronicles). He is titled in 2
Samuel 23:1 as the sweet psalmist of Israel .
The Psalms were collected and compiled at various times throughout
Israel 's history. Various collections and books of Psalms were
gathered together and published as song books and hymnals. There is
evidence of heavy editing of the Psalms. For example, Psalm 14 is
almost identical to Psalm 53, except in Psalm 14 the name Yahweh is
used for God, while in Psalm 53, the name Elohim is used. Psalm 108 is
a medley of Psalm 57 and Psalm 60, put together for a new occasion.
Therefore, the final order and arrangement of the Psalms suggests a
single editor who brought ancient collections and songs together
into the final form. The final form of the Psalms is arranged into
There are some scholars who connect the five books of the Psalms with
the five books of the Torah. Most of these connections, however,
stretch the connection beyond what is reasonable.
The date of compilation is unknown. Some suggest it to be about 537 B.C. and some believe it to be around the Third Century B.C.