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A discussion in chat today has lead me to this question. Most of us should be familiar with the debate about whether Jesus drank alcoholic wine, or some other form of wine, or simple grape juice.

My question isn't about settling that debate, however. My question is essentially asking when did the debate begin? What is the history of "Jesus only drank grape juice" interpretation?

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I'm going to guess it came after the invention of Welch's Grape Juice... Since that was the invention of grape juice. –  Mark Edward Jul 18 at 23:40
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According to wiki, Thomas Bramwell Welch developed the pasteurization of grape juice for his church, where they wanted to use only unfermented grape juice instead of wine. I would guess some tried to use fresh-squeezed juice for a while before 1869. –  disciple Jul 19 at 2:00
    
You have touched on a huge historical subject but to keep it concise you might want to add to your question the reason for the debate. There might well have been people from earliest times that hated alcohol. The Romans (having centralized yeast distribution) did not understand that fermented wine = life. The debate might already have started before the early Christian church among the Gentiles. –  gideon marx Jul 19 at 13:52
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@ShemSeger: In any case, old wine or new wine, this doesn't answer the question. If you can point to the first person saying that Jesus drank only 'new wine' and that 'new wine' means grape juice, that would be an answer to the question. –  Flimzy Aug 7 at 19:02

2 Answers 2

I just found out about this "grape juice" theory today. Maybe it was a mom who came up with that theory to protect her children from thinking that they should drink wine to be more like Jesus. That's something I would do, but according to the .pdf found here: http://www.cuf.org/FileDownloads/wine.pdf

The theory comes from the idea that the current process of fermentation far exceeds the fermentation process of Jesus time, therefore the concentration of alcohol in the wine must have been so weak compared to wine today, that people started to assume it must have been like grape juice compared to the wine today. However, the bible does talk about drunkenness, and the only way to get drunk is with alcohol so the wine described in the Bible must have had some alcohol.

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how to I cite sources on this site? APA, MLA? –  Courteous Christian Aug 9 at 10:40

The consistent use of sacramental wine and admission of archaeological/paleoanthropological finds as evidencing positions (see the argument over the fillioque clause) in the Catholic & Orthodox Churches precludes the possibility of such a position. The protestant reformation is often dated to begin in 1517 with Luther's nailing of his theses to a church door. Early Christian Protestantism, however, focused on real theological and eschatological issues mostly centered on certain forms of corruption within the Church and a belief that the Pope was the Antichrist. The objections to alcohol appear to have begun with American Puritanism, and probably ran into nuanced opposition likely to elicit the creation of a position like Jesus only drinking grape juice when abstinence from alcohol first became a major political force. For guesses as to when this might be, see below:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Temperance_movement

The earliest record I personally can find of this particular argument is in Dr. Stephen Reynolds' Purified Translation of the Bible, intended for Southern Baptists, and published in the year 2000, but with many editions released in 1999.

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