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What does being Born Again mean per Catholic teaching?

Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” (John 3:3 NKJV)

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No 1213 Catechism of the Catholic Church under THE SACRAMENT OF BAPTISM summarises what baptism is:

1213 Holy Baptism is the basis of the whole Christian life, the gateway to life in the Spirit (vitae spiritualis ianua) [4 Cf. Council Of Florence: DS 1314: vitae spiritualis ianua.], and the door which gives access to the other sacraments. Through Baptism we are freed from sin and reborn as sons of God; we become members of Christ, are incorporated into the Church and made sharers in her mission: "Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word." [Roman Catechism II,2,5; Cf. Council Of Florence: DS 1314; CIC, cann. 204 § 1; 849; CCEO, can. 675 § 1.]

The answer to the question is in bold.

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Much of the Doctrine of Jesus was in explanation to the teachings of the Ten Commandments. His strongest focus however was the care of the truths that the people held in their hearts.

The Following Expands on the First Commandment

You shall have no other gods before Me. (Exodus 20:3 NKJV)

The goal was for all to be of one mind, and to share in all truths. To do this the people needed to learn how to listen. And this was a main problem. The preparation to understanding this concept. Is to understand the Parable of the Sower Also explained by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops.

Then He spoke many things to them in parables, saying: “Behold, a sower went out to sow. 4 And as he sowed, some seed fell by the wayside; and the birds came and devoured them. 5 Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. 6 But when the sun was up they were scorched, and because they had no root they withered away. 7 And some fell among thorns, and the thorns sprang up and choked them. 8 But others fell on good ground and yielded a crop: some a hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. 9 He who has ears to hear, let him hear!” (Matthew 13:3-9 NKJV)

From this parable he explains the Four States that Ones Mind Is In, concern with hearing the truth.

The Wayside The truth was spoken but the birds took the words away. This resembles speech that occurs at a distance, or in a scenario where to much noise is surrounding the two having a conversation. So the words are never heard.

The Stoney Place This is the listener with the hardened heart. There is the appearance of joy. But the words never sunk into memory, because they where not important enough, something else was more important then the Word failing the Commandment.

The Thorny Ground This is the listener who hears what is being said. and it also is remembered, but worrying resisted Peace, Love, and Joy. Something Else was more important then the Word failing the Commandment.

The Good Ground This is the mind who hears the words, remembers them, and produces much Peace, Love, and Joy. Successfully accomplished the commandment. For the Word was the most important.

Then to be born again is to make the mind onto the Good Ground. For the renewing of the mind prepares a person to hear the truth.

The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but cannot tell where it comes from and where it goes. So is everyone who is born of the Spirit.” (John 3:8 NKJV)

So you can see that the sign that one is "Born of the Spirit" is that they "Hear the sound of it." Hold the Word of Truth as the only thing of importance. Not getting distracted by "Any Other God" or anything else.

In this the water of Life enters into a person.

but whoever drinks of the water that I shall give him will never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become in him a fountain of water springing up into everlasting life.” (John 4:14 NKJV)

Notice "In the Word"
"Baptism is the sacrament of regeneration through water in the word." [Roman Catechism II,2,5; Cf. Council Of Florence: DS 1314; CIC, cann. 204 § 1; 849; CCEO, can. 675 § 1.]

Hearing is a Main Prerequisite for Forgiveness

so that ‘Seeing they may see and not perceive, And hearing they may hear and not understand; Lest they should turn, And their sins be forgiven them.’” (Mark 4:12 NKJV)

Through Deductive Reasoning Another way to say it is. "God gives the water of life to those that can hear the word. For In the Word IS THE WATER. And It comes in through your ears. And the ones that are Born Again are on the Good Ground, will Love the Word, Remember It, and Produce Fruits. ^^

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Is this the Catholic teaching (backed up with documented Catholic references)? Did you really just ask a question, ask for a specific view, and then answer from a completely different view? Or did you simply fail to add references to Catholic sources showing that this is the Catholic view? –  David Stratton Jul 15 at 2:51
    
If people require Catholic references I suggest looking at FMShyanguya's answer. His answer provides your required references. In Mine God has sliced all the other denominations with the Sword of Truth. Now it is time for all to come back to the Catholic Faith. –  Only he is good. Jul 15 at 2:51
    
This is as Catholic as it Gets, because it is the truth. –  Only he is good. Jul 15 at 2:53
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Re this statement: "This is as Catholic as it Gets, because it is the truth." However valid this sentiment may or may not be in the context of the church, it is baloney in the context of this site. On this site "Catholic" refers to the current documented beliefs of the Roman Catholic church. Historical Catholic positions need to be delineated as such and neither any argument solely from the truth of Scripture nor your view an what it should be has any relevance at all. Please STOP trying to pawn off your personal views as "true Catholicism". –  Caleb Jul 15 at 9:40
    
If your views are relevant anywhere on this site it would be under question specifically about whatever group you actually currently represent, whether that is a reform movement inside Catholicism or whatever. Answering Catholicism questions in fine as long as you do so from the current established and referenceable teachings (whether you think these are right or wrong). If what you believe is right or true is in any way in variance with current Catholic dogma and practice, then you must identify what position you are representing for your answers to be valid. –  Caleb Jul 15 at 9:40

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