There are some common points that exist between Christianity and Islam. What are the similarities and disagreement between Christianity and Islam?
closed as too broad by David Stratton♦, Jayarathina Madharasan, wax eagle♦ Jun 11 '14 at 12:50
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The fundamental claim of Islam is that there is only one God and Mohammad is his prophet. This is believed because it is written in the Qur'an. The Qur'an is believed to be true based on Mohammad's testimony that he received it from the angel Gabriel.
Mohammad claimed to be the last in a long line of prophets, including most of the major Old Testament figures like Adam, Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Elijah, etc., as well as Jesus. He claimed that the messages God gave to the other prophets were true (and were one with Islam). Muslims have concluded that the real Jesus and his message have since been lost or corrupted and what we now know to be Christianity is not reliable (because it disagrees with the Qur'an). Islam asserts that it is in accord with the real teachings of the prophet Jesus (which we no longer have in a reliable form). The Qur'an asserts that Jesus was not divine and never died (and, by implication, did not come back to life).
If you don't wholly accept its claim that Islam has been around since the first prophet, Adam, then Islam is post-Christian. Mohammad appears to have known a little about Christianity (and perhaps Judaism). What he wrote down shows some familiarity with Christianity but also a severe misunderstanding of it and complete ignorance of some historical details (e.g. placing Samaritans with Moses).
Its relationship to Christianity is that it attempts to supersede Christianity by incorporating selected elements of Judao-Christian beliefs while simultaneously denying the fundamental beliefs both of Judaism and Christianity. Islam is logically incompatible with both Christianity and Judaism as we understand them. Judaism points to Jesus. Nothing in Christianity points to Mohammad. The movement started by Mohammad is superficially rooted in Judao-Christian history, but differs in important facts all along the way. As a movement, it is completely distinct and separate from Christianity, and its fundamental beliefs are mutually exclusive with those of Judaism or Christianity.
I read a lot on Islam and Quran, and I think best source to know and understand something is to listen to it directly from its sources. I also read the material like this, which they use to convert people. That way I will know what I accept and what I reject, and if I am with the truth I have nothing to fear. I am writing directly from the Quran here, without any comments, leaving the judgement to you. To start with some verses from the Quran, telling us about a different miracle of Jesus, him talking in the cradle, but maybe not in the way it would fit in the Gospels.
Islam claims to be the religion of submission to God only. It is a pure monotheistic faith, with severe criticism about trinity, or any other type of polytheism. In Quran anything similar to polytheism is mentioned with anger and mentions the concept of a son with "being an atrocious thing" which would almost make the universe collapse.
This is one of the most important chapters for Muslims:
This is designated as the most important verse by the Prophet of Muslims:
Following explains the Islamic perspective on Jesus, acknowledging his birth, but claiming he was a human being.
Islam defines Christianity, that is being a Christ-follower, to be made up by people and rejects the ideas of Judaism, that concentrate on race. Islam calls followers of this two religion as People of the Scripture. Islam claims, Abraham is distorted by "The People of the Scripture". It claims, Abraham was a monotheist, not having anything to do with a Jewish race - he is the grandfather of Israel (Jacob)- and with a Christ to worship.
There are many places like this in Quran, calling "The People of Scripture" to monotheism. The Quran claims to be original and not derived from any other book.
The Quran has some significant differences than Gospels, because it does not tell the story of Muhammad, but talks to Muhammad, mentioning and telling about other prophets. As can be seen here, the name Muhammad is mentioned only 5 times throughout the whole Quran, while Moses 136 and Jesus 25 times by their names. The significant difference is that Quran tells the stories of Biblical prophets with emphasizing them as being innocent and far from having the atrocities attributed to them in the Old Testament. Noah getting drunk, David getting his soldier killed, Solomon worshiping idols, etc. are false and a result of the distortion of the revelations according to Islam.
The stance of Quran on Christianity and Biblical characters can be understood better with the following chapters, some of them with the names of them, actually: