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Acts 2:34 NKJV:

“For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he says himself: ‘ The LORD said to my Lord,“ Sit at My right

Why didn't David ascend to heaven? Is this past tense? Is David in heaven now, or has he just never ascended into heaven all at?

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I, personally, don't see any confusion in this verse. If you read it in context, it seems to make perfect sense: Acts 2:29-36‌​. –  Richard Sep 14 '11 at 13:26
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3 Answers

This verse is contrasting Jesus and David. Jesus ascended:

Luke 24:51

While he was blessing them, he left them and was taken up into heaven.

David went to heaven the old fashioned way: by dying first.

This is evidenced by David's body being buried:

Acts 2:29

“Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day.

By contrast, Jesus was not "abandoned" (left) in the grave:

Acts 2:31

Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay.

That David is in heaven is clear from Hebrews 11:32-40. David is named in verse 32 with other faith heroes. Then in verse 40 it says, "together with us would they be made perfect" (since they can only be perfected in heaven).

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Jesus did go to the bosom of Abraham and the scriptures do say they were set free. psalm 68:18 and Ephesians 4:8 also Matthew 57:52-53 speak of those who came out of the grave. The verse is speaking of Christ,that it would be Jesus who would ascend up and sit on the throne,not David.David was speaking prophetically of Jesus. David did not ascend to heaven,speaking of the one who would sit on the throne,he was speaking of Jesus.No one ascended till Jesus first ascended, then captivity was led to heaven meaning no one is no longer in the bosom of Abraham.

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Welcome to the site! As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": help page, How we are different than other sites? and What makes a good supported answer? –  David Stratton Oct 23 '13 at 2:20
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The belief that one goes to heaven or hell immediately upon death is totally wrong. David has not ascended into Heaven because he is still dead and buried as Peter said. There's no need to twist his words to fit one's preconceived idea of what happens at death. There is no need to rely on a parable Jesus told abou the rich man and Lazarus. One cannot possibly think that you start living among Abraham's chest hairs when you die. The parable had a point and that point wasn't to teach what Heaven is like. No one ascends into Heaven (save for Enoch, Elijah and Moses) until the Lord returns with a shout and resurrects the dead as it says in 1 Thessalonians 4.

15 According to the Lord’s word, we tell you that we who are still alive, who are left until the coming of the Lord, will certainly not precede those who have fallen asleep. 16 For the Lord himself will come down from heaven, with a loud command, with the voice of the archangel and with the trumpet call of God, and the dead in Christ will rise first. 17 After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord forever.

Ever wonder why the Bible refers to death as a sleep so many times? So and so "slept" with their fathers, etc. Because there is no awareness in death! It's like a dreamless sleep. "For the living know that they shall die, but the dead know not anything" Ecclesiastes 9:5.

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Welcome. Please mention which denomination or group believe this way of interpretation. We do not welcome personal interpretations here. –  Mawia Nov 6 '13 at 8:35
    
Welcome to the site. As a new visitor, I'd recommend checking out the following posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": help page, How we are different than other sites? and What makes a good supported answer? –  David Stratton Nov 6 '13 at 12:38
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