Jesus felt that the law was literal;
Matthew 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass,
one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be
Paul felt the "all" scripture was true and useful.
2 Timothy 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is
profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction
Jesus felt that even the verb tenses were significant;
Matthew 22:32 I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the
God of Jacob? God is not the God of the dead, but of the living.
The Hellenistic practice of the academy was taken into the early church but was relatively dormant until the Italian humanist movement and the scholasticism of the high middle ages. Once a forum was established for man to use his intellect as the measure of the Bible, the Bible was left behind.
The so-called age of enlightenment and German rationalism are all extensions of human thought desiring to surpass the perceived limitations of the Bible. As secularism became ascendant, there were those who attempted to stem the tide by advocating the truth of the Bible. This was not a new movement but may have appeared so to those who saw nothing wrong with the secularist trend.
A problem people have with the Bible is that it is more than just words. This cannot be seen or understood by those who are not saved;
1 Corinthians 2:14 But the natural man receiveth not the things of
the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he
know them, because they are spiritually discerned.
Hebrews 4:12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper
than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul
and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the
thoughts and intents of the heart.
John 16:13 Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will
guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but
whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will shew you
things to come.
The Bible calls three things truth, God, Jesus, and the Bible. People who have new life in Jesus and walk by the Spirit in truth usually do not have a problem with inerrancy. Those who do not often have a problem with what the Bible says and seek ways to interpret it so that it causes less discomfort.
1 Corinthians 1:18 For the preaching of the cross is to them that
perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved it is the power of