What are the 'things offered to idols' written about in Acts 15: 29 and the 'things polluted by idols' of Acts 15: 20? How was this understood by the Apostles and their followers? On what laws in the Old Testament is this 'rule' based? Can Sunday be a religious day for Christians if it was already a religious day offered to the pagan sun god?
What are the 'things' offered to idols? In days of old, the leaders of different communities would make for themselves statues of creatures, then to obtain obedience from the general population, they would threaten that the creature would kill them or devour them if they did not work as expected. To continue with the illusion, feasts were assembled and pagan priests would do what they could to make it appear that the statue was eating. Or sacrifices where made, to make the illusion appear that the statue killed someone.
Acts 15:29 NKJV
The main point is that by eating of the things offered to idols, you would stand as a affidavit witnessing that the events of the illusion where true. They obviously are not true. So standing in any form of position to help conclude this illusion was real was supporting a lie.
Acts 15:20 NKJV
Now knowing above, If I where to abstain from eating the meat, but was part of the ceremony , and made some elaborate display for them like presenting the knife, or playing a trumpet. This still all would fall under helping to conclude this illusion was real and supporting a lie.
To understand How was this understood by the Apostles I assume it was given to them by God's Holy Spirit either supernaturally, or as a common truth.
To understand how their followers perceived it. I guess here, but I would assume that they have witnessed such gatherings and displays due to the location. I do not know at this moment about what idols where being sacrificed to in Antioch, Syria, or Cilicia. I feel it safe to say though that the command would have been elaborated on if not to be naturally understood by the audience of that time.
This 'rule' is based on the Second Commandment of the Ten Commandments the Old Testament law. According to the Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex, Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only), and also the Septuagint.
Exodus 20:4-6 NKJV
Can Sunday be a religious day for Christians if it was already a religious day offered to the pagan sun god? Yes. Not for the purpose of raising the pagan sun god to honor. Yet God explains through Paul.
In Hebrews 3:7-11 we are directed to understand Psalm 95:7–11.
Psalm 95:7–11 NKJV
So in the fullness of Hebrews Chapter 3 he concludes that the rest was no longer available to them because of their unbelief.
Hebrews 3:19 NKJV
Then in Hebrews Chapter 4 he points out that a new day has been created to enter into rest.
Hebrews 4:7 NKJV
The need for this is pointed out
Hebrews 4:8 NKJV
Going back to point out that the day was to continuously be today.
Hebrews 3:13 NKJV
Therefore here is logic. If today you enter into his rest, and continually enter into his rest for every today. Then all the Sabbath days would then be covered, so the fulfillment of the duty to honor the seventh day would always be completed. Also since when today happens also to be a Sunday. That day is also considered a "Today". Therefore the festival may continue for any day that becomes today!
So then know in case this is your situation. If you do happen to know a Pagan Sun Worshiper I say be careful not to include yourself in any of the duties, or offer respect that supports any illusion. But instead love them and show them the perfect way. Amen.
What are the things offered to idols written about in Acts 15;29?
The things offered to idols are; meats, blood, things strangled, and fornication. Acts 15;20 adds; pollutions of idols. I Corinthians 8, clearly addresses this.
I Corinthians 8;10,11
For if any man see thee which have knowledge sit at meat in the idol's temple, shall not the concience of him which is weak be emboldened to eat those things which are offered to idols; 11 And through thy knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?
How was this ( idolatrous practices ) understood by the appostles and their followers?
Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us, who believed on the Lord Jesus Christ; what was I, that I could withstand God? 18 When they heard these things, they held their peace, and glorified God, saying then hath God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.
The letters to the Gentiles were to apraise them of the rules, a matter of procedure.
On what laws in the Old Testament is this ( idolatrous practices) based?
Blood Leviticus 17;10
And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
Strangled beast or fowl. Leviticus 17;13
And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.
Fornication Leviticus 18
6 None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, and uncover their nakedness: I am the Lord.
Idols Leviticus 18;21
And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the Lord.
Sabbaths Leviticus 19;30 23;3
19;30 Ye shall keep my sabbaths, aqnd reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord.
23;3 Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, and holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.
Can Sunday be a religious day for Christians if it was already a religious day offered to the pagan sun god?
Yes. Sunday is a religious day for most of Christendom. It is not a holy day unto the Lord. Leviticus 23;3 designates the seventh day as the sabbath of the Lord. Exodus 20,8-11 and Deuteronomy 5;12-15 validate the sabbath day.
If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honor him, not doing their own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: 14 Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.