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Which Catholic papal encyclicals discuss questions like -

1) Why did Jesus have to die?

2) What are the effects of the sacrifice of Jesus?

3) How does God look at the world before and after the sacrifice of Jesus?

If there aren't any papal encyclicals, are there any books / writings that discuss the same?

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closed as too broad by Caleb Jul 2 '14 at 8:35

There are either too many possible answers, or good answers would be too long for this format. Please add details to narrow the answer set or to isolate an issue that can be answered in a few paragraphs.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

Quite a lot of this is answered in the Catechism which has biblical references rather than encyclical. – Andrew Leach Apr 7 '14 at 15:11

This is a very broad question, but to answer your question briefly, the Baltimore Catechism says:

Q. 398. Why did Christ suffer and die?
A. Christ suffered and died for our sins.

Q. 453. Which are the chief effects of the Redemption?
A. The chief effects of the Redemption are two: The satisfaction of God’s justice by Christ’s sufferings and death, and the gaining of grace for men.

For your third question, God still considered the created world to be good: "For every creature of God is good." (1 Tim. 4:4a).

An excellent encyclical that covers Christ's sacrifice, its necessity for our redemption and salvation, and its relationship to the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass is Pope Pius XII's 1947 Mediator Dei.

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