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It's been said that there is no biblical basis for the assumption that Jesus ever took on the sins of mankind, before, during or after his death. What is the biblical proof that Jesus did take on the sins of mankind?

There's been some really great answers here but I'm looking for some more firsthand proof, such as Matthew 5:17–18

Christ Came to Fulfill the Law

17 Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. 18 For truly, I say to you, until heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the Law until all is accomplished.

Here Matthew quotes Jesus. Jesus fulfills the mosaic laws which also includes the sacrificial laws. The one perfect sacrifice that would forgive the sins of mankind past, present and future.

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Before I try to answer, I'd like to clarify what you're looking for; are you looking for verses that support that Jesus came to die for the sins of mankind on the cross, or are you looking for an explanation of how his death on the cross took away the sins of the world? – Blessed to be a Witness Aug 15 '15 at 21:34
@Blessed The OP hasn't been seen in more than a year, so you are unlikely to get clarification. If you wish to answer, feel free to answer however think best answers the question. – ThaddeusB Aug 16 '15 at 16:10

I believe that this Bible verse confirms that Jesus took on the sins of mankind.

John 1:29 ESV

The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

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Welcome to the site. As you're a new visitor, I'd like to recommend the following posts, which are meant to help newcomers "learn the ropes": help page, How we are different than other sites? and What makes a good supported answer? – David Mar 14 '14 at 4:48

Isaiah 53:6 ESV

All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned, every one, to his own way; and the Lord has laid on Him the iniquity of us all"

John 3:16 ESV

For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life

1 John 2:2 ESV

And He Himself is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the whole world

I hope that's enough proof. This is one of the most-supported ideas in the Bible!

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I feel that it is clearly explained in the following verse.

2 Corinthians 5:21 NASB

He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.

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I think this is the best answer because (with the exception of the Isaiah 53 quote) is the only quote which clearly answers the question. – Wikis Mar 14 '14 at 14:31
@Wikis, I do not agree. Paul was speaking to the Corinthian church in this letter. It is not abundantly clear in this verse that Jesus died for the sins of all mankind for all time. There have been better answers provided. – user10381 Mar 14 '14 at 16:37
@JonathanLandrum: interesting theory but Paul uses we, not you so it cannot be just the Corinthian church. Or did you have in mind another group, eg the early church only? – Wikis Mar 14 '14 at 17:07
@Wikis true, but what keeps this verse from being applicable to a select group only, à la Calvinism? – user10381 Mar 14 '14 at 17:20

Here I have not given any verses from Acts and epistles, for there are several explicit verses in Acts and epistles (especially Romans) clearly saying that Jesus died for our sins. All the verses below are from Gospels. The emphasis is mine so as to highlight the relevant sentences.

Matt. 9:11-13 When the Pharisees saw this they said to his disciples, “Why does your teacher eat with tax collectors and sinners?” When Jesus heard this he said, “Those who are healthy don’t need a physician, but those who are sick do. Go and learn what this saying means: ‘I want mercy and not sacrifice.’ For I did not come to call the righteous, but sinners.”

Matt. 26:27 And after taking the cup and giving thanks, he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, 26:28 for this is my blood, the blood of the covenant, that is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.

Matt. 20:28 just as the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

Luke 24:46-47 and said to them, “Thus it stands written that the Christ would suffer and would rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance for the forgiveness of sins would be proclaimed in his name to all nations, beginning from Jerusalem.

John 1:29 On the next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!

John 8:24 Thus I told you that you will die in your sins. For unless you believe that I am he, you will die in your sins.”

John 8:34-36 Jesus answered them, “I tell you the solemn truth, everyone who practices sin is a slave of sin. The slave does not remain in the family forever, but the son remains forever. So if the son sets you free, you will be really free.

John 3:15-17 so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.” For this is the way God loved the world: He gave his one and only Son, so that everyone who believes in him will not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world should be saved through him.

John 10:11-14 “I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. The hired hand, who is not a shepherd and does not own sheep, sees the wolf coming and abandons the sheep and runs away. So the wolf attacks the sheep and scatters them. Because he is a hired hand and is not concerned about the sheep, he runs away. “I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me – 10:15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father – and I lay down my life for the sheep.

John 11:49-52 Then one of them, Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, said, “You know nothing at all! You do not realize that it is more to your advantage to have one man die for the people than for the whole nation to perish.” (Now he did not say this on his own, but because he was high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus was going to die for the Jewish nation, and not for the Jewish nation only, but to gather together into one the children of God who are scattered.)

John 15:13 No one has greater love than this – that one lays down his life for his friends. 15:14 You are my friends if you do what I command you.

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  • Hebrews 9:28 (KJV, King James Version):

"So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation."

  • Hebrews 9:28 (NRS, New Revised Standard):

". . . so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin, but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him."

  • 1 Peter 2:24 (KJV):

"Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we , being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed."

  • 1 Peter 2:24 (NRS):

"He himself bore our sins in his body on the cross, so that, free from sins, we might live for righteousness; by his wounds you have been healed."

The Greek word for bear or bore is a transliterated word which can mean a number of things, including offer, offered, bore, led, led up, offering, take away, and taken up.

Here is how biblestudytools summarizes the meanings of bore or bear:

to carry or bring up, to lead up men to a higher place


to put upon the altar, to bring to the altar, to offer


to lift up one's self, to take upon one's self


to place on one's self anything as a load to be carried


to sustain, i.e. their punishment

In truth, the Bible could not be clearer that Jesus bore the sins of the world as He hung on the cross. Just as a lamb of old bore symbolically the sins of a single penitent or the entire nation of Israel, Jesus, the Lamb of God, literally bore away the sins of the world (John 1:29).

Furthermore, each detail about Jesus' crucifixion bears witness to the spiritual reality of what was taking place at Calvary, where the sins of humankind were imputed to Jesus, and where Jesus' righteousness was imputed to humankind. (We know of course that God does not impute that righteousness to a person who does not believe Jesus died for his or her sins. Nevertheless, the potential is there to receive that righteousness by receiving Christ as one's Lord and Savior.)

At Calvary there was

  • a preternatural darkness from noon until 3PM, as God hid, as it were, His face from His Son, the wrath-bearer, the atonement and expiation for sin

  • a preternatural earthquake, during which the burial tombs of many holy ones were opened and the dead were raised to life. The earthquake reminds us of creation's groaning in travail because of the curse of sin, but it also reminds us that creation will one day be set free from its slavery to corruption, and then enter the freedom of the glory of the children of God (see Romans 8:19-22).

  • a torrent of abuse heaped upon Jesus, by many of those who witnessed the travail of His soul, by the religious leaders who had condemned Jesus to death, by the soldiers who crucified Him, by the observers at the cross who witnessed His life and public ministry, and by the two thieves who were crucified next to Him (one of whom repented and was forgiven by Jesus)

  • an abandonment by ten of His closest disciples

Each of the above details of Jesus' death can be found in prophetic passages in the Old Testament (Tanakh), with Psalm 22 and Isaiah 53 as outstanding examples.

In conclusion, I suggest you mediate on Isaiah 53:10-12, as should we all:

But the LORD was pleased

To crush Him, putting Him to grief;

If He would render Himself as a guilt offering,

He will see His offspring,

He will prolong His days,

And the good pleasure of the LORD will prosper in His hand.

As a result of the anguish of His soul,

He will see it and be satisfied;

By His knowledge the Righteous One,

My Servant , will justify the many,

As He will bear their iniquities.

Therefore, I will allot Him a portion with the great,

And He will divide the booty with the strong;

Because He has poured out Himself to death,

And was numbered with the transgressors;

Yet He Himself bore the sin of many,

And interceded for the transgressors. (my emphasis)

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I don't know why this hasn't been quoted but.

2 Cor 5:21 states it plainly. - "For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him."

How did that happen? well because it's a divine exchange. That's why I correct people who use atonement and Jesus in the same sentence. It's not your sins covered, it's an exchanged life. In the spirit you are a new creation. A 3 part being where your spirit is absolutely perfect and just like Jesus.

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It was quoted... > I feel that it is clearly explained in the following verse. 2 Corinthians 5:21 NASB He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him. share edit flag edited Mar 14 at 15:34 answered Mar 14 at 14:23 The Freemason Terence 825 19 51 1 – rob Mar 23 '14 at 5:14
@Rob I think adding that verse to this one is a great suggestion. – Andrew Aug 15 '15 at 20:04
+1 Thanks for this concise Biblical response. I think you should add Rob's verse to make it a more compete and compelling answer. Also, it would be good to replace the first sentence with a strong thesis statement, like "Yes, Jesus took on the sins of mankind." Then support it with something like, "In 2 Cor 5:21, Paul states plainly that God had made him to be sin for us." You may want to include some context if necessary to characterize the citation. You may want to investigate if made here means created or caused in the language Paul wrote the thing, and report what you find. – Andrew Aug 15 '15 at 20:11

Why was Jesus, who is God, baptized by John the Baptist?

When Jesus was baptised by means of "the laying on of hands" (Leviticus 16:21), it was "one Man's" righteous act (Romans 5:18), which took away all the sins of humankind. When Jesus was baptized, He said to John,

"Permit it to be so now, for thus it is fitting for us to fulfill all righteousness"(Matthew 3:15).

Here, "for thus" means by laying on of hands in order to pass all the sins of the world on to Jesus, so that all righteousness might be fulfilled for all of us. Jesus has fulfilled all righteousness for all people through His baptism in a just and fitting manner. Because Jesus took on all the sins of people through His baptism, the next day, John the Baptist testified

"Behold The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29)

With all the sins of humankind on His shoulders, Jesus walked towards the Cross. He vicariously took the judgement for all the sins He had taken on Himself through His baptism. He died on the Cross, saying, "It is finished" (John 19:30). He took all our sins onto Himself and received the complete judgement for them.

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