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Primary Question:

Orthodoxy is divided on whether to baptize converts who were baptized by heretics under the Trinitarian formula. Some groups baptize them; some groups only require chrismation. Which groups accept the baptism of heretics and only require chrismation?

Secondary Question (not necessary for the answer):

From my understanding, the split can be divided on Old Calendar, anti-Ecumenical vs. New Calendar, pro-Ecumenical grounds. Churches adhering to the New Calendar will accept heretical converts via chrismation, but not baptism; churches adhering to the Old Calendar will accept heretical converts via baptism (and then chrismation).

Is this an incorrect way to categorize the question --- I would be very interested in examples of either Old Calendarists/anti-Ecumenists who accept heretical converts via chrismation and of New Calendarists/pro-Ecumenists who accept heretical converts via baptism. EDIT -- I was informed today that there is a monastary under the authority of Constantinople (New Calendar/pro-Ecumenical) in my area that baptizes heretical converts (in opposition to those who they are under the authority of). While I found it interesting, I would prefer examples of churches, not monasteries, for purposes of this secondary question.

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I upvoted. Cool question, by the way. –  Anonymous Mar 15 at 14:29
    
What are "heretics" according to this question? Is it just non-Orthodox Christians? –  Mr. Bultitude Mar 15 at 20:02
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@Mr.Bultitude Correct. Any group that self identifies as Christian who does not self identify as Orthodox Christian. –  Matthew Moisen Mar 15 at 20:08
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@Mr.Bultitude Some Orthodox groups call other Orthodox groups heretics for Ecumenicism or the adoption of the New Calendar; but for purposes of this question, a "heretic" will only be Christians whom do not self-identify as Orthodox. –  Matthew Moisen Mar 15 at 20:22
    
Big O Orthodox or small o orthodox? –  The Freemason Apr 23 at 1:57
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1 Answer 1

This controversy is as old as the 250s AD. Cyprian wrote:

... since there cannot be two baptisms, if heretics truly baptize, they themselves have this baptism. And he who of his own authority grants this advantage to them yields and consents to them, that the enemy and adversary of Christ should seem to have the power of washing, and purifying, and sanctifying a man. But we say that those who come thence are not re-baptized among us, but are baptized.

At that time, the North African bishops did not believe in accepting the baptisms of heretics, but Stephen bishop of Rome told them they had to. They actually held a council to condemn him, calling him a "Judas." Yet, Stephen eventually won, and it became standard policy to accept any Trinitarian baptism.

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Here is the particular link if anyone is interested. –  Matthew Moisen Mar 24 at 1:23
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