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What differentiates the various synods within the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia aka ROCOR?

I met someone who stated that their particular synod was in communion with ROCOR-A (ROCA), but not ROCOR-MP, because the latter was in communion with Moscow and Constantinople.

A quick google search told me that there were in fact multiple ROCOR groups that are distinct from ROCOR-A (ROCA) and who are not in communion with ROCOR-MP. Comments on those groups would be appreciated but not necessary to answer the question.

ROCOR merged with the Moscow Patriarch (MP) in the last decade and is now referred to as either ROCOR or ROCOR-MP.

I think that ROCOR-A is identical to ROCA, which is the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, which broke with ROCOR when the latter merged with MP. ROCA and ROCOR used the refer to the same thing, but now they refer to two distinct groups, the differences of which I would like answered in this question.

Edit - From Wikipedia:

Critics of the reunification [of ROCOR and MP] argue that "the hierarchy in Moscow still has not properly addressed the issue of KGB infiltration of the church hierarchy during the Soviet period." It has also been noted that "some parishes and priests of the ROCOR have always rejected the idea of a reunification with the ROC [MP] and said they would leave the ROCOR if this happened. The communion in Moscow may accelerate their departure."

The signing of the act led to yet another small schism from the ROCOR, this time taking with it Bishop Agafangel (Pashkovsky) of Odessa and Tauria, and with him some of ROCOR's parishes in the Ukraine, which refused to enter the jurisdiction of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church. Agafangel was subsequently suspended by the ROCOR synod for disobedience. Despite censure, Agafangel persisted with the support of ROCOR parishes inside and outside of the Ukraine which had also refused to submit to the Act of Canonical Communion. Agafangel subsequently ordained Bishop Andronik (Kotliaroff) with the assistance of Greek bishops from the Holy Synod in Resistance; these ordinations signified the breach between ROCOR and those who would refused communion with Moscow. At a Fifth All-Diaspora Council (composed of clergy who did not accept the Act of Canonical Communion), Bishop Agafangel was elevated to the rank of metropolitan; he now heads the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad - Provisional Supreme Church Authority (ROCA-PSCA) as Metropolitan Agafangel of New York and Eastern America.

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They're what you might call the hardcore fundamentalists within Orthodoxy, ever vigil to reject the Branch Theory. More later when I have time. –  maj nem ɪz dæn Mar 8 at 12:53
    
@Daи Don't most Orthodox and Catholics fundamentally reject Branch Theory on principle? –  Matthew Moisen Mar 9 at 2:19
    
@MatthewMoisen yes, but ROCOR would go so far as to not accept baptisms performed outside of Orthodoxy, while most Eastern Orthodox will receive someone baptized in a traditional/Trinitarian fashion through chrismation only. They go a lot further than most in what they consider to be acceptance of the theory (often accusing much of Orthodoxy of accepting the theory for various reasons - being somewhat separatist). –  maj nem ɪz dæn Mar 9 at 2:50
    
@curiousdannii Someone unfamiliar with the acronyms is highly unlikely to be able to answer this anyway so i don't think it matters. A good answer on the other hand will naturally shed some light on what stands for what, so i think it's actually in the best interest of this question to stay specialized. –  Caleb Mar 9 at 6:18
    
@Daи, I was under the impression that only Orthodox sect that accepted the baptisms of (what they deem) heretics was the Greeks under the authority of Constantinople. I thought that Moscow, Ukraine, Palestine, ROCOR, and all other Greek churches not under the authority of Constantinople refused to accept the baptism of heretics? –  Matthew Moisen Mar 9 at 6:46

1 Answer 1

The difference between the two groups has been adequately explained, the similarity has not. The two groups are similar because they are led by clerics who want to remain in power instead of joining a purely national church as was structured by the early Church fathers. In the US for example, there are Russian, Greek, Romanian, Antoichian, etc. churches in which ethnicity is celebrated more than God. ROCA and ROCOR are just two of the more pitiable examples.

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Welcome to the site. We are glad you decided to participate. This site strives to be academic and your last sentence is kind of snide. I'm sure you have much to share that you can teach the rest of us, but please be polite and professional/academic. Resources: Guidelines for writing effective answers and What is a well-sourced, dispassionate answer? I hope to see you post again soon. –  fredsbend Jul 8 at 5:26
    
Actually, everything but the first sentence is off. –  Paul Draper Aug 7 at 5:55
    
The first sentence is off too, as it doesn't attempt to answer the question, merely to point out that an answer has been put together in the comments. –  TRiG Sep 6 at 13:40

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