Why do people feel that there is a break in the Seventy weeks between
the 69th and the 70th?
Verse twenty-four begins with a direct declaration of whom this prophecy focuses upon, i.e., thy people (Jews) thy holy city (Jerusalem). Any interpretation of this prophecy, which ignores or overlooks this fact, must be entirely disregarded.
Six accomplishments of the 490 years (70 weeks) are predicted. The first three items of accomplishment are negative. The remaining three are positive:
To finish the transgression. “Finish” (Hebrew lekalle’) means “to complete,” not “to atone,” as is sometimes asserted. The kind of transgressions Daniel had been confessing for his people were to come to an end. That has not, two and a half millenniums later, occurred.
To make an end of sins. Literally, to seal up. This word (as in Job 9:7; 37:7) means to bring under full restraint. Cf. the sealing of Satan’s prison to restrain him (Revelation 20:1-3).
To make reconciliation for iniquity (lekap-per ‘awon) Calvary’s reconciliation will become effective for Daniel’s people when again, “in that Day” of Messiah’s second advent, they look on him “whom they have pierced” (Zechariah 12:10; cf. Revelation 1:7) and shall in repentance believe on him (Jeremiah 50:4, 5, 17-20).
To bring in everlasting righteousness. This will be effected by inward moral transformation (Jeremiah 31:33,34).
To seal up the vision and prophecy (Hebrews prophet). When the people cease sinning, the disciplinary oracles of prophets will no longer be needed (Jeremiah 31:34).
To anoint the most Holy (most holy place, ASV marg.).
Most commentators feel that this refers to a renewed Temple, anointed like the Tabernacle of old, following the results enumerated in the five promises preceding (see Ezekiel 40: 1-7; Isaiah
From The Going Forth Of The Commandment:
This command was given by Artaxerxes Longimanus on March 14,445 B.C. (Nehemiah 2:1).
Unto The Messiah The Prince:
This is, quite obviously, Yeshua. Yeshua entered into Jerusalem as Messiah the Prince on Palm Sunday, April 2, A.D. 30 (Luke 19:37-41).
Seven Weeks And Threescore And Two Weeks:
First notice that it was not stated as 69 weeks. God has a purpose for stating things in the manner he does. He specifically says, “Seven weeks and threescore and two weeks.”
Here a week = 7 years (cf. Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 4:6). One day = 1 year. Thus, 7X7=49 years. That takes us up to the end of the book of Malachi.
Now, 62X7=434 years. From the book of Malachi to the birth of Yeshua there was 400 years of scriptural silence. Yeshua was killed in the 34th year of his life.
We must not forget that there are years of different lengths. The lunar year has 354 days. The calendar year has 360 days. The solar year has 365 days, and the astronomical year or Julian year has 365¼ days, and it is necessary to add one day every 4 years.
As to which of these years to use in our reckoning here, we find the key Genesis 7:11-24; 8:3,4. In the account of the flood, we find that the 5 months from the 17th days of the 2nd month, to the 17th day of the 7th month, are reckoned as 150 days. That means that each month has 30 days, thus the year is 360 days long.
From B.C. 445 to A.D. 30 is 475 solar years. But we are looking for 69X7 or 483 years. We are short by eight years. However, the problem is easily (relatively) solved by using the right days to year ratio.
From B.C. 445 to A.D. 30 INCLUSIVELY, you have 476 solar years. Since a solar year is 365 days, 476X365 = 173,740 days.
In those 476 years, there are 119 leap years where we must add another day (476/4=119). So, 173,740+119=173,859 solar days.
The going forth of the command was on March 14. Yeshua entered Jerusalem on April 2. We now add 20 days for the period of time from March 14 to April 2, INCLUSIVELY. Now our total is 173,859+20 = 173,879 solar days.
But we have determined from the bible that we need to be using a year of 360 days, not a year of 365 days. Since we have to TOTAL number of days calculated, converting to years is a simple matter of dividing the total number of days, 173,879 by the number of days in our year, or, 360: 173,879/360=483 years (482.997 All to within one day).
After Threescore And Two Weeks:
It is requisite to observe that certain events are said to be, “and after” (Hebrew we’ahare) the sixty-two weeks (plus, of course, the first seven weeks, or sixty-nine in all).
These two events were separated by a period of nearly forty years (29-70 A.D.). Yet, in the literary order of the passage, they are both after the sixty-ninth week and before the final “one week” mentioned in the next verse. Thus the very syntax, grammar, and word-meaning indicate a gap in the succession of the seventy weeks.
Other important reasons for supposing a gap here are:
Yeshua placed the culminating week, with its “abomination” in the times of final Antichrist, just before his second advent (Matthew 24:15).
Daniel 7:25, which describes what appear to be the very same events as those of 9:27, the seventieth week, is certainly a prophecy of the times of final Antichrist.
The period of three and one-half times or years (the second half-week of v. 27) is often mentioned elsewhere in Scripture and always in an eschatological setting (Revelation 11 :2,3; 12:6,14).
The six things to be accomplished in the seventy weeks (see Daniel 9:24 and comments) require the second advent of Christ, and the restoration and conversion of Israel.
Messiah Be Cut Off:
The Hebrew word here is “karath,” and is used 277 times in Scripture. Here are just two instances.
Genesis 9: 11
Genesis 15:18 (made)
Messiah was killed, but not for himself. He was killed for you and for me.
THIS MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE CHURCH AGE. The church age will continue until the beginning of the seventieth week.
The People Of The Prince That Shall Come:
Not the Prince himself.
He Shall Confirm The Covenant With Many:
The many here, as elsewhere, is a reference to the Hebrew people, the subject of discussion throughout chapter 9 (cf. vv. 2,12,18,19, esp. 24, “thy people — thy holy city”). Evidently the covenant is to be made between Antichrist and Israel when the Jews are back in their homeland in the last days. The exact nature of the covenant is unknown, but will allow for the reinstatement of the daily sacrifice.
For One Week:
this is the seventieth week.
In The Midst Of The Week:
After the first 3½ years of the final 7-year period of human history.
The evil and destructive events described in the remainder of this verse should be interpreted as summary information concerning the final “time of Jacob’s trouble” (Jeremiah 30:7 and context) set forth rather more fully in 12:1 ff; 2Th 2:1 ff; Revelation 13; 14; and other passages.