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Congregations such as the Jehovah's Witness and Seventh day Adventists believe that Jesus is Michael. What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael?

Jehovah's Witness

...it is logical to conclude that Michael is none other than Jesus Christ in his heavenly role. Source

Seventh day Adventists

Moses passed through death, but Michael came down and gave him life before his body had seen corruption. Satan tried to hold the body, claiming it as his; but Michael resurrected Moses and took him to heaven. Satan railed bitterly against God, denouncing Him as unjust in permitting his prey to be taken from him; but Christ did not rebuke His adversary, though it was through his temptation that the servant of God had fallen. He meekly referred him to His Father, saying, "The Lord rebuke thee."

Early Writings, p. 164.

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@lonesomeday: I don't see the OP assuming anything, but rather asking. –  Flimzy Mar 4 at 15:05
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I have edited the title to match the question--and to avoid getting a duality of answers ("Yes!" and "No!"), which would make it a truth question, and off-topic... not to mention that there obviously is Biblical evidence... whether there is Biblical proof is another question, and a matter for intense debate. –  Flimzy Mar 4 at 15:28
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@lonesomeday What Flimzy said, plus with these two groups there is always a "biblical basis." –  fredsbend Mar 4 at 15:30
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@warren I don't think its a dupe. Though that page links to many resources supporting this theology, it is about finding who conceived it. This is looking for biblical basis per SDA and JW interpretations. –  fredsbend Mar 4 at 15:35
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I was afraid this question was a dupe but then the suggested duplicate is not even close to being duplicate. The one question asks a historical question and the other a theological question. Surely all can see this...@fredsbend you are right. I conclude by saying this question is fresh and has no duplicate. –  Tony Jays Mar 4 at 19:14

3 Answers 3

up vote 5 down vote accepted

The Seventh Day Adventist view

The SDA view is well articulated here: Amazing Facts: Who Is Michael The Archangel?

The primary arguments involved are:

  • There are appearances of the preincarnate Christ with titles of “Angel of the LORD”, “Angel of His Presence” and “Angel of the Covenant”.
  • The meaning of angel has a wide range of interpretations (it literally means “messenger”).
  • The use of echad in Daniel 10:13 can mean “one” or “first”, so one interpretation is “Michael, the first of the chief princes” (rather than “one of”).

One note that is important regarding the SDA view is that they do not deny the deity of Christ, but teach that the title “Michael the Archangel” is another title for God the Son in the same vein as “Angel of the LORD” or “Captain of the LORD’s Host.”

From the conclusion:

In conclusion, we see this majestic and mysterious being, sometimes called Michael, sometimes the angel of the Lord, sometimes the commander of the Lord’s army, veiling His divinity and appearing in the form of a humble angel. Yet this same enigmatic being has the power, authority and attributes that belong only to God. He evicts the devil from heaven; He resurrects the dead; He intercedes for the saints; He judges and then stands, launching the great time of trouble. He redeems the saints and receives their worship. He offers us a new name.

The Jehovah’s Witness view

The JW view is articulated here: Is Jesus the Archangel Michael?

The principle arguments are:

  • The custom of having more than one name is common in the Bible.
  • Arch in archangel means “principal” or “chief.”
  • The word “archangel” is never used in plural form (therefore it describes a unique being).
  • Jesus spoke of his preincarnate existence.

From the conclusion:

So Michael the archangel is Jesus in his prehuman existence. After his resurrection and return to heaven, Jesus resumed his service as Michael, the chief angel, “to the glory of God the Father.”

The two views are actually quite similar regarding the use of “Michael the Archangel” as yet another title for Christ.

The two groups differ, however, regarding the deity of Christ. Jehovah’s Witnesses explicitly deny his deity, arguing He was the first of God’s creations and placed in authority over it. He is a created being, albeit the most powerful being short of God himself.

Note: This latter view has always been considered the aberrant view in Christianity. While the SDA view would fall within the camp of orthodoxy, the JW view does not.

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Nice answer, welcome to Christianity SE! –  Wikis Apr 3 at 11:47
    
Nice answer, welcome aboard the Christianity SE! –  Tony Jays Apr 3 at 19:25

What is the Biblical basis for the belief that Jesus is Michael?

None! In fact the Bible declares quite the opposite.

For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? —Hebrews 1:5 (AV)

The quotation in verse 5a comes from Psalm 2:7; the quotation in Hebrews 1:5b comes from either 2 Samuel 7:14 or 1 Chronicles 17:13.

Psalm 2 is an enthronement psalm in which God “adopts” the Davidic King as his “Son.” Obviously that is what the author of Hebrews understood is confirmed in Hebrews 1:5a via the quotation from the Davidic Covenant.

Of course the Lord Yeshua Messiah has always been the eternal Son of God. In a collective sense, the angels are called “sons of God” in the Old Testament (Job 38:7, margin), but the writer was thinking of the title Son in the sense of David's heir who is entitled to ask God for dominion over the whole earth (cf. Psalm 2:8). In this sense the title belongs uniquely to Jesus and not to the angels.

The very nature of the question in Hebrew 1:5 seeks a negative response.

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This is not a trouble for either group. SDA and JW both still call Jesus the begotten son. –  fredsbend Mar 4 at 15:32
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The question and site guidelines are asking that you answer from the SDA and JW perspective. –  fredsbend Mar 4 at 15:37
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Since both SDA and JW groups both claim the Bible is authoritative, in what way does my response fail to address the issue from either an SDA or JW perspective? –  DrFry Mar 4 at 15:41
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I already said, saying the Son is begotten is something both groups do, as well as most other Christians. For JW's it is their reasoning for rejecting the Trinity, and this verse is used as indirect support for Michael=Jesus theology. SDA are classic Trinitarians; Michael, the archangel, is just another name and title for Jesus. In short, this is not an answer that either group would give. –  fredsbend Mar 4 at 15:51
    
@fredsbend every time I look at this answer it bewilders me because of first the poor research shown and second answering in the negative. Do you think it is OK to answer a question negatively? Would this not cause a fight? –  Tony Jays Apr 3 at 19:20

Here is an answer from an Adventist scholar, taken from his website (http://www.bibledoc.org/daniel-class/daniel-10-and-12-and-thoughts-on-michael-2/).

Here are the texts that speak about Michael in the Bible:

Da 10:13, 21 But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one [that is, “first”, YLT] of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia. . . . [21] But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.

Da 12:1 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

Jude 1:9 Yet Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation, but said, The Lord rebuke thee.

Re 12:7 And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels,

Here the Adventist scholar found the following points from these Bible texts:

Michael is an exalted being, one sent to help Gabriel in his struggles

Michael is either “one of the chief” [KJV] or “the first of the chief” [Young’s Literal Translation] among the angels.

Michael is Daniel’s “prince” and a “great prince”

At the time of trouble Michael stands as prince in defense of Daniel’s people.

Michael is the archangel.

Michael fought with the Devil regarding the resurrection of Moses’ body (and won…).

Michael was over the angels that fought against the devil and his angels.

The positions ascribed to Michael in these verses include “prince” of God’s people (i.e., Daniel’s people), archangel, and captain of the faithful angels.

Now, when Jesus will come again, there are several things that the Bible says will happen, which have a connection with Michael the archangel:

There will be a resurrection of the bodies of the saints.

Commands will be given to the loyal angels to gather the saints.

The kingdoms of this earth will become the kingdoms of Christ.

The faithful will sit with him on his throne.

The resurrection will be called for by the mighty voice of Christ.

Here follows the Bible texts regarding each point:

Joh 5:25 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The hour is coming, and now is, when the dead shall hear the voice of the Son of God: and they that hear shall live.

It will be the Son of God (Christ) giving the command for the dead to resurrect

Mt 24:31 And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other. {with…: or, with a trumpet, and a great voice}

Mr 13:27 And then shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.

There will be a sound of trumpet and the angels will be sent, under the command of Christ, to take his elect from the whole earth.

The kingdoms of this world become the kingdom of Christ

Re 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever.

In light of this, the name "prince is reserved for Jesus, as ruler of the earth On earth there are many princes, but in the kingdom of God we find only one

Ac 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.

Ac 5:31 Him hath God exalted with his right hand to be a Prince and a Saviour, for to give repentance to Israel, and forgiveness of sins.

Re 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth. Unto him that loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood,

Again we see here that the dead are resurrected by the voice of Jesus. It shows his rulership over Satan, that wanted to keep all of them in their grave, as he did regarding Moses

Joh 5:28 Marvel not at this: for the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice,

The voice of "the Lord" connected here, by Paul, to the resurrection, is also called the “voice of the archangel.”

1Th 4:16 For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first:

The point is here made by the author of the article:

This brings us to a good question. Is Jesus the captain, or prince, of the armies of heaven? Or might he have an angel working under him in that position? We find a definitive answer by comparing two texts of scripture:

Jos 5:14 And he said, Nay; but as captain of the host of the LORD am I now come. And Joshua fell on his face to the earth, and did worship, and said unto him, What saith my lord unto his servant? {margin — captain: or, prince}

Re 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Notice the contrast. The “captain of the host of the Lord” receives the worship of Joshua. The mighty angel of Revelation refuses the worship of John.

These observations lead, it seems to me, to the following inescapable conclusion:

Either there are two captains of the Lord’s hosts, two beings with the voice of the archangel, two beings exalted to be “prince” over God’s people, two agents in the resurrection of the saints, two beings giving commands to the angels of God,

Or…

Jesus, a name chosen by God for our Savior, had the name “Michael” in the Old Testament.

In this regard, it is interesting to note that the New Testament references to Michael are all references to Old Testament events: the fall of Lucifer and the resurrection of Moses. We find no use of the name “Michael” for any being after the day that God’s Son is named "Jesus"

In fact in Hebrews, when it is spoken of the difference between angels and the Son of God, it is said that he rightly receives worship.

Heb 1:5-6 For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son? 6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

Worship was given to the “captain of the host of the Lord” when he met with Joshua. Even more than this, Joshua was commanded to put off his shoes (see Josh 5:26) and this reminds us of what happened to Moses when he saw the burning bush and spoke with God Himself. It is even more interesting to see how the Bible calls God in this context:

Ex 3:2 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.

And also in Malachi, when speaking about Jesus, the Lord is called "messenger of the covenant", where the Hebrew for "messenger" the common word translated "angel" 111 times in the Old Testament.

Mal 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me: and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith the LORD of hosts.

Here is the conclusion of the author:

Jesus, Michael, our Prince, our coming King, captain of the host of the Lord, the Archangel, will descend and rout the prince of this world, send the holy angels to gather the saints, and we will reign with him.

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answers which are complete single citations need to be briefly summarized. –  caseyr547 Apr 2 at 23:14
    
when you downvote, you should at least explain why! I'm not speaking of caseyr547: if you downvoted, at least you said why you did so... –  clami219 Apr 3 at 12:02
    
@clami219 don't be frustrated. The thing is many people down vote an answer if it shows lack of research. Basically quoting one article from an SDA scholar is not enough for others and they take it as laziness. You need to show at least three sources and at most maybe ten. I personally do not like very long answers but if they have good and relevant information then I read on and on and on... Just do the research and no one will down vote you unless they hate you but I don't think anyone does... –  Tony Jays Apr 3 at 19:06
    
@Tony Jays Thanks for the suggestion... It's a few weeks I'm in this community, so for me it is more helpful to receive explainations and suggestions, even if together with downvotes, than to just receive downvotes without a word! –  clami219 Apr 4 at 9:22

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