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Hebrews 9:27 says

Just as man is destined to die once, and after that to face judgment (NIV)

Elijah and Enoch are both presented in the bible as men who do not die. Are they exceptions to the rule that all men die once, or is there another explanation?

Answers from a protestant viewpoint would be appreciated.

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put on hold as primarily opinion-based by Lee Woofenden, curiousdannii, Nathaniel, David yesterday

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up vote 4 down vote accepted

John Calvin says (Commentarium in epistolam ad Hebraeos, translated by John Owen in 1853):

Were any one to object and say, that some had died twice, such as Lazarus, and not once; the answer would be this, - that the Apostle speaks here of the ordinary lot of men; but they are to be excepted from this condition, who shall by an instantaneous change put off corruption, (1 Corinthians 15:51;) for he includes none but those who wait for a long time in the dust for the redemption of their bodies.1

Therefore, he reads this text as referring to a general rule: the scope of the passage is not meant to speak about these various special cases. In particular, Calvin thinks the author is primarily addressing the normal case of people who die once and then stay dead for a long time. The cross-reference inserted by Owen is illuminating; Paul writes there:

Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed. KJV

This chimes with other New Testament references to the living and the dead (traditionally, in English, "the quick and the dead") as in Acts 10:42, 2 Timothy 4:1, 1 Peter 4:5. In 1 Thessalonians 4:15-17, we read:

We which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. KJV

The fates of Elijah and Enoch are basically this, but earlier: they were taken up by God in the same way, albeit in anticipation of the coming of Christ, rather than after it. They have been seen as prototypes (in the sense of "characteristic or normative" rather than "rudimentary experiments") for the transformation Paul discusses in 1 Corinthians 15.

If we accept Calvin's scoping, then Elijah and Enoch are also explained. Lazarus is not a counterexample to the basic point of the author of Hebrews, and neither are they. In the same way, the judgement of those who are alive at the time of Jesus's return isn't a counterexample either. For one thing, everybody does eventually face a final judgement following the end of their earthly life, whether that period of their existence is terminated by normal death or by something else.

1. Si quis obiiciat, bis quosdam esse mortuos, ut Lazarum et similes: expedita est solutio, apostolum hic de ordinaria hominum conditione disputare, quin etiam ab hoc ordine eximuntur quos subita immutatio corruptione exuet: quia non comprehendit nisi eos qui diu in pulvere corporum suorum redemptionem exspectant.

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Many agree that the TWO WITNESSES of Revelation chap. 11 will be Enoch and Elijah for the reason that they have yet to experience death. God could send them back to Earth a second time through the womb to be born of "water". Wouldn't that be something! Devil never expected that.

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I've heard the idea that they may be the two witnesses, but what do you mean by "through the womb"?? – curiousdannii May 22 '14 at 5:20
    
I have heard that theory before. Can you spell it a bit more (particularly the "through the womb")? – Greg May 22 '14 at 6:17

Hebrews 9:27 is about death to sin.

Dead To Sin

Hebrews 9:27-28 And inasmuch as it is appointed for men to die once and after this comes judgment, so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time for salvation without reference to sin, to those who eagerly await Him.

Romans 6:8-11 Now if we have died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him, knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, is never to die again; death no longer is master over Him. For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God. Even so consider yourselves to be dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.

Hebrews 6:4-6 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted the good word of God and the powers of the age to come, and then have fallen away, it is impossible to renew them again to repentance, since they again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame.

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Some of the information contained in this post requires additional references. Please edit to add citations to reliable sources that support the assertions made here. Unsourced material may be disputed or deleted.

    
Welcome! We're glad you are here, but this answer would be much stronger if you a) explained more fully, rather than just quoteing verses and b) showed, with sources, that it doesn't merely reflect your own analysis of the texts. I hope you'll take a minute to review how this site is different from others, and better understand how your answer can be supported. – Nathaniel yesterday

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