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HIPAA, the United States Health Care Privacy Law has been in effect for nearly two decades. It's the law that makes people all nervous about talking about other people's well being with their doctors and I've got a feeling it cuts in to Catholic Social teaching, but I can't say exactly why.

According to the Catholic social teaching, the principle of subsidiarity laws are best crafted at the an appropriate level

Excessive intervention by the state can threaten personal freedom and initiative. The teaching of the Church has elaborated the principle of subsidiarity, according to which "a community of a higher order should not interfere in the internal life of a community of a lower order, depriving the latter of its functions, but rather should support it in case of need and help to co- ordinate its activity with the activities of the rest of society, always with a view to the common good."

CCC 1883

I got off on a bit of a tangent today at my Religious Ed. class telling the 13 and 14 year olds that HIPAA was in direct violation of Catholic Social teaching because of the part that potentially removes their parents from the loop of their healthcare decisions.

So, my question is, should a family ever be trumped by a higher order when it comes to medicine?

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I did an edit to make it more clear you aren't looking for a truth question. It wasn't clear that you wanted the "Catholic" answer, although you were right that the denominational tag technically should have sufficed. FYI, retracted my close vote. –  Affable Geek Feb 13 at 14:47
    
Just like Peter's other recent question, this too, is on-topic because it specifically asks for what the Catholic Church has to say about this. –  fredsbend Feb 13 at 19:03
    
I think this'll be tough to get a quality answer on: It's an area wherein there isn't likely any official or "semi-official" publication. And it's hard to sell a "there's no official stance" answer. Hence, the most relevant answer is probably the most speculative or personal answer, in this case. –  svidgen Feb 21 at 15:52
    
@svi I'd really like an application of the principle of subsidiarity on HIPAA since it seems like the last thing on the mind of folks in Washington. Personally, I think HIPAA is more egregious than the individual mandate (except the part that forces coverage of contraception and abortifacients). I think opening the door for a 14 year old to make medical decisions for herself without her parent's knowledge or consent is terrible. Of course, I also think girls should have long clean hair and free and leisured mothers. –  Peter Turner Feb 21 at 18:38
    
@PeterTurner Sure. And there is undoubtedly plenty to say about HIPAA from the subsidiarity and solidarity stances; but, I don't think you'll find an official or clear-cut answer on those grounds here. –  svidgen Feb 21 at 19:12
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There's no clear-cut, doctrinal, or official Roman Catholic stance on HIPAA. In general, Catholic organizations willingly comply with HIPAA. To that point, a quick search shows a lot of Catholic organizations describing their members' rights under HIPAA.

More notably, if there were a doctrinal issue with a national policy like HIPAA on any grounds, that of subsidiarity or otherwise, I would expect to see a statement and/or resistance from the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. For instance, there are numerous statements and commentaries opposing portions of the Affordable Care Act. Not so with HIPAA. The only mention on their site is a wellness document, in which the rationale for requiring "new sisters" to provide HIPAA and DPOA forms is summarized like so:

We bind ourselves to the members of the community, trusting in their faithfulness to support us.

So, it seems to me that the USCCB, or whatever subsidiary this is, feels no need to object to these policies. And to the contrary is highly respectful of them, pointing out that the HIPAA release papers demand is justified by the intended level trust and support in their community, which implicitly makes the request a bit extraordinary. Whether that level of respect for HIPAA and medical privacy extends to every "application" may be a different matter.

So, there are two things to keep in mind:

  1. Subsidiary is a single, vague social guideline among many; not an overarching, specific moral precept. Subsidiarity demands that we handle things as close to the issue as possible. But, the motivation to escalate to higher levels of community and government stem from the Catholic principle of solidarity. And both of these principles are meaningless without the context of another moral need or needs: In this case, the right to individual privacy, the responsibilities of a parent, and the obligations of medical practitioners.
  2. The Church explicitly avoids speaking on most matters. You're expected to reason things out and use your conscience. There's a lot to think about. The specific issues you're familiar with may or may not be representative of the broader application. Without overanalyzing, acknowledge the complexity. And vocalize that our judgement if it seems imperative.

There may be moral issues with certain applications of HIPAA. Presently, the moral issues are either isolated or negligible enough in the eyes of the Catholic Church to warrant widespread Catholic compliance.


As to whether HIPAA erodes parental rights, maybe. Maybe not. With respect to parental rights and responsibilities, I would personally be inclined to argue in favor of HIPAA or HIPAA-like legislation for two reasons:

  1. HIPAA allows kids to receive medical care without fear of disproportionate punishment and judgement. It's not all that dissimilar, in my opinion, from the seal of confession. Like every parent, I'm far from perfect. And we tend overreact and punish for more than an offense is worth. I don't want the fear parental overreaction to stand in the way of medical treatment. (Or spiritual treatment!)
  2. My kids will know the Catholic stuff either way. They will make mistakes. Some of them may be downright egregious. But, they'll know my beliefs regardless of whether I'm informed enough to distribute a consequence for every mistake. And because I'm far from a perfect parent, far from an effective disciplinarian in emotional situations, it's probably better in some cases that I don't know what they've done, and rather allow the kids to reflect on their own actions based on what they know I/we believe.

And to the extent that any parent succeeds in charitably correcting their kids' behavior with due mercy, I presume the kids will be open about their lives. To the extent that any parent reacts selfishly, degrading, devaluing, or disproportionately punishing, I suspect that kids will be private about their sins.

HIPAA lets doctors do their work without forcing them to double as spies for parents. And it lets kids seek needed treatment without worrying that their doctor is a spy! And this agreement, I suspect, does not stand in the way of a healthy parent-child relationship.

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And a note to the readers: Edits to correct my typos and clunky wording are always welcome! (Provided the meaning doesn't change.) –  svidgen Feb 24 at 16:59
    
I teach public school kids catechism and they're under the impression that they can get birth control without their parents knowing. That's why I brought this up. But this is a good answer. At some point (like the case of a communist state) I think offenses against subsidiarity go from being vague infractions in the moral law to the exact root of what is wrong with the system. Oh well, maybe I need to be reprogrammed by the UN. –  Peter Turner Feb 24 at 17:39
    
Yeah. Subsidiarity demands that you operate locally before escalating problems (and solutions) to wider social circles. America is trending more and more away from solving individual problems and writing national sweeping legislation. But, I don't think subsidiarity can be treated as a rule that that a single action or piece of legislation can violate. It's more of a principle that an attitude violates. This requires more thought, but I might say HIPAA, in some sense, can't violate subsidiarity in itself; but, the thinking that went into HIPAA may have. –  svidgen Feb 24 at 18:05
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From what I know of HIPAA, I don't think it contradicts Catholic social teaching. The purpose of HIPAA was two-fold: to protect employees from losing group health coverage when losing/changing jobs, and to allow health workers to share patient information in a way that keeps patient information secure and reduce fraud (stolen information). Just as mentioned in the article you linked to, parents have the right to their child's information unless state law prohibits it. So I don't think the question is whether or not HIPAA is unjust, rather, whether the state law that trumps it is lawful.

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This addresses how you think the law postures itself in relation to the church, but this question is the opposite of that. What does the Catholic church think about the law? –  Caleb Feb 19 at 8:00
    
It erodes parental rights broadly, where parental rights should only be taken away in the gravest of situations. It seems to me to be the reverse of subsidiarity where the top manages everything and allows the bottom to maybe pass laws to protect themselves, but otherwise rely on HIPAA –  Peter Turner Feb 19 at 12:01
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