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My personal understanding is that plants have a body, animals have both a body and a soul, and mankind has a body, a soul and a spirit. However, angels, as I understand, do not have a body that is physical. Jesus seems to have indicated this after His bodily resurrection.

See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself. Touch me, and see. For a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have. Luke 24:39 ESV

Are angels, then, classified as spirits, having no flesh and bones? If so, are they spirits with souls or just spirits?

I would like an answer from the perspective of those who hold to the tripartite nature of mankind (body, soul and spirit). I do not know if positions differ between the traditions of Protestant, Orthodox and Catholic. If they do, I am specifically interested in what Protestants believe on this issue and and in what ways this is distinct.

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This will depend a lot on how you define soul and spirit! –  curiousdannii Jan 8 at 23:51
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5 Answers

body? yes. 1)Abraham fed them, and 2)Lot took them into his house, 3)they bow down and worship God.

spirit? yes. 1)evil spirits are fallen angels.

soul? biblically yes. from the Biblical definition of soul.

Biblically soul = body + breath of life

And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. Gen 2:7

if they are alive, they are a living soul. there is no dead soul in the Bible. "the dead know nothing" Ecclesiastes 9:5

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  • a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see that I have. Luke 24:39 ESV

this, may refer to an apearation or ghost, which the desciples first suspected. Scripture clearly demonstrates and personal experience further confirms that many angels do indeed have full and tangible bodies.

It is a misunderstanding of the spirit realm and of angelic beings to assume that they can not materialise and even function as a human being, (this can be seen early in the book of Genesis).

The spirit realm is much more "real" than the material world we live in. God is a SPIRIT, do you assume he has less substance than yourself or all of His glorious creation?

It is probably counterproductive to rationalise as to whether angles have the specific qualities you enquire about. We cannot begin to imagine Heaven. We cannot graple with the absence of time and without it, we have barely a notion of what eternity is. Yet, eternity is that which born again believers have already entered! We can sit in our office, drive our cars, dig ditches and yet at the same time be seated in Heavenly places in Christ!

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I believe the catholic understanding is, that Angels do not have a body, just spirit, which is the soul.

We have bodies + soul(spirit)

I think Jesus' words, are to suggest that he is fully human, meaning that he took on corporeal form thus reaffirming that body is equally good or holy in comparison to spirit, that body and spirit, are inseparable in some sense(1) ie, that body is not something that a soul is "trapped in" in a Cartesian sense, or as claimed by eastern spirituality or Christian puritanism.

(1) this is why the Catholics believe in resurrection of the body; a very strange, archaic concept to many, because gnostic "spirit good, body bad" and infiltrated out thinking in many ways.

RE animals and plants having souls; don't know much about this, but could it be an Aristotelian-scholastic view/way of reasoning about things without necessarily the same meaning as human soul?

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Through my studies (and with out taking time to add the sources to back my belief), I have found that angels are spirits and have no physical form. They, like "demons" (fallen angels for this meaning of demon) must possess a human body to have a "physical form" as the Watcher angels from Enoch 1 and when the angel possessed Jacob. Angels were created to do God's will with out question, so mixing in a previous question topic on who are the fallen angels, I believe that when an angel possesses a human, they are then as susceptible to corruption by the free will of the soul in as much as they control the body of the possessed. Hence the fall of the Watchers in Enoch 1 when the sons of God laid with the daughters of man.

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Are angels, then, classified as spirits, having no flesh and bones? If so, are they spirits with souls or just spirits?

How you define spirit?
What is the difference between soul and spirit?

In the Bible sometimes soul and spirits seems refers to same thing, the life of a entity.
Spirit, the life of a entity of the other world.
Soul, the life of animals.

Spirit: demons, angels, God.
Soul: animals and human

When the Bible refers the spirit on the human, apparently it talks about how is converted. The trends of decisions in soul.

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This is better than the other one, but there still needs to be much more. –  fredsbend Jan 29 at 5:16
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