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Was Jesus made from God's Spirit "fertilizing" Mary's egg or was he a being entirely created through God's spirit but merely placed in Mary's womb?

Another way of asking the question could be, was Mary Jesus' biological mother, or was she a surrogate?

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The Council of Nicea established the orthodox view a long time ago: that Jesus pre-existed as a person of the trinity since eternity past. Since then, it's roughly safe to say that most mainstream churches hold to that view. There are many other churches, though, which interpret the scriptures differently on this matter. Even among unitarians, many believe that he pre-existed his birth, while some believe he did not. Others, yet, believe that he did not become God's son until he was adopted as such at his baptism. –  Steven Doggart Dec 29 '13 at 14:19
    
As such, it's impossible to answer this question as it's currently worded. It's currently primarily opinion-based. –  Steven Doggart Dec 29 '13 at 14:19
    
That the answer is opinion based does not degrade it in any way. From your answer I infer that some Unitarians believe that Jesus is 100% human. What are the opinions of other churches? Is he 50% human, 0% human, or another figure? –  Clint Eastwood Dec 29 '13 at 15:14
    
I could completely understand why this question isn't upvoted. But I do not understand why a question asked (especially by a new person) that is plausibly non-argumentative or combative would be down voted. I understand that this question needs some help and rewording, but the question itself isn't "bad". –  The Freemason Dec 30 '13 at 1:27
    
You do understand that a question like, "What is the science of a virgin birth?" is impossible to answer for that period in time. The premise of your question is a miracle and that makes everything else associated with it equally a miracle and impossible to answer realistically. –  gideon marx Dec 30 '13 at 11:47
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1 Answer 1

To take your second question first:

was Mary Jesus' biological mother, or was she a surrogate?

According to the vast majority of Christian churches, Mary was in every way the mother of the human being Jesus Christ. So yes, she was his biological mother. He was genuinely Mary's son, as you see confessed time and time again in the creeds, confessions and liturgies of pretty much every church.

Your second question:

Was Jesus made from God's Spirit "fertilizing" Mary's egg or was he a being entirely created through God's spirit but merely placed in Mary's womb?

The best answer to this is "neither".

According to Nicene Christianity, the Son of God, the second Person of the Trinity, existing from eternity, of one substance with the Father and the Holy Spirit, took flesh in the person of Jesus Christ and was born of the Virgin Mary. (See the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed.)

So the Son of God existed before the conception of Jesus Christ. When he took flesh, he received his human nature from the Virgin Mary. (See, for instance, this agreement between the Catholics and an alliance of evangelicals.)

In my personal opinion, thinking about this in terms of eggs, embryos and DNA is not a helpful way of addressing this mystery, but your mileage may vary!

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