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My understanding of Isaiah 42:4 is that it states that the Messiah will not falter before his job is completed. How do Christians reconcile this with the fact that Jesus died?

He will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his teaching the islands will put their hope. Isaiah 42:4 NIV

“He will not be disheartened or crushed until He has established justice in the earth; And the coastlands will wait expectantly for His law.” Isaiah 42:4 NASB

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Falter means "to lose strength or momentum." The cross was not a setback, but a victory. –  Ryan Frame Dec 4 '13 at 22:01

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This is easily reconciled because here is nothing to reconcile! Christ has never faltered, been disheartened, or crushed. He fulfilled His mission while here on earth, continues to do so as our advocate, and will continue to do so. His death and resurrection demonstrated this, rather than negating it!

A look at Christian commentaries shows that this is the common understanding among Christians.

Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

Isaiah 42:1-4 This prophecy was fulfilled in Christ, Mt 12:17. Let our souls rely on him, and rejoice in him; then, for his sake, the Father will be well-pleased with us. The Holy Spirit not only came, but rested upon him, and without measure. He patiently bore the contradiction of sinners. His kingdom is spiritual; he was not to appear with earthly honours. He is tender of those oppressed with doubts and fears, as a bruised reed; those who are as smoking flax, as the wick of a lamp newly lighted, which is ready to go out again. He will not despise them, nor lay upon them more work or more suffering than they can bear. By a long course of miracles and his resurrection, he fully showed the truth of his holy religion. By the power of his gospel and grace he fixes principles in the minds of men, which tend to make them wise and just. The most distant nations wait for his law, wait for his gospel, and shall welcome it. If we would make our calling and election sure, and have the Father delight over us for good, we must behold, hear, believe in, and obey Christ.

Even in His darkest hour, as He prepared to fulfill His mission on the cross, He never faltered. He did the will of the Father, putting aside His own needs without hesitation.

Matthew 26:39 (KJV)

And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou wilt.

In my book. that's not faltering. were it me, I'd have faltered. I'd have run away, lied, done anything to escape, yet He never faltered. He went ahead, knowing what was to come, because He cannot falter.

Extra credit: Here's a list of sermons that preach on that verse, many of which focus on Christ as the triumphant servant.


Edits to address points missed per the comments below. Namely, this comment:

Maybe you know more than me and can show that there has been justice on this earth for the past 2000 years.

This was addressed in the very first paragraph on this answer, but I will expand upon it. Repeating the relevant sentence, with some emphasis added:

He fulfilled His mission while here on earth, continues to do so as our advocate, and will continue to do so.

The misunderstanding here of commonly accepted Christian doctrine, is that in asking whether there has been justice on this earth in the last 2000 years is that His work was done on the cross. That is not the case. Christianity isn't based on His death, it's based on His resurrection, and the work that He continues to do. He has still not, to this very second, faltered. He is still doing the will of his father.

The idea that the verse is nullified because perfect justice wasn't established on this earth by the time of His death ignores the very basic tenets of the Christian faith. For there to be a discrepancy, His would would have had to end with His death. It didn't.

Rather than going deep into detail on all of the doctrinal points that this question ignores, I'll simply summarize them with links for further study.

So, up until the present time, at no point has Christ stumbled, wavered, or strayed from his path. We have no evidence whatsoever that he was discouraged, even in His darkest hour, or since. Thus, the fact that perfect justice hasn't been established yet is not a problem.

Scripture does promise that He will establish new Heaven and a new Earth. This is the point at which perfect justice will be established on earth, but that is a promise for the future.

Only if he stumbles before that future promise comes to pass could there possibly be any potential discrepancy here.

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I regard your (and Matthew Henry's) answer as incomplete. I had to answer the same question and got taken to task as regards the 'justice on earth' part that is central to the prophecy and the definition of 'justice'. Maybe you know more than me and can show that there has been justice on this earth for the past 2000 years. (I can only do it by distorting the truth about the meaning of justice.) –  gideon marx Dec 5 '13 at 13:54
    
Fair enough. thanks for the clarification. There is more that can be added. I will do so when I can. –  David Stratton Dec 5 '13 at 19:23
    
@gideonmarx - updated. –  David Stratton Dec 6 '13 at 3:21
    
That was very good. Isaiah is speaking of the second coming. Thank you for the trouble and effort. (Voting up!) –  gideon marx Dec 6 '13 at 9:06
    
@ Gideon marx I may be wrong, but I have come to believe that since Jesus death on the cross paid the penalty for sin that it may have been that was the Justice referred to by Isaiah. –  Bye Dec 8 '13 at 13:34

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