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What is or are the mechanism(s) behind the naming conventions for a church building or organization in a denomination, say Presbyterianism?

This question can be reworded as "When churches assign names to themselves in this fashion 'First Presbyterian Church; Second Presbyterian Church; Third Presbyterian Church', are they accounting for the fact that there are other Presbyterian churches in the locality (regardless of the sub-denomination or organization name, evangelical or mainline) or that there may be other churches in the EXACT same sub-denomination under Presbyterianism and that one Presbyterian church chooses to name itself as a way to distinguish this Presbyterian church from that Presbyterian church?"

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Who know? Who can tell how church buildings are named, espcially among presbyterians? –  Elberich Schneider Nov 21 '13 at 0:29
    
I figured that the naming is really whimsical. A local church organization goes by the name of H2O, but that's nondenominational. Catholic churches have a tendency to choose names in honor of saints, which I suspect is a way for an entire community to dedicate itself to like a patron saint. –  Anonymous Nov 21 '13 at 0:44

2 Answers 2

Catholic Parishes are faith communities named after a Catholic Saint; a combination of Saijts whose names appear together in the Liturgy of the Mass; a title of Our Lady; or a title of the Holy Trinity.

Examples:

  • St. Augustine Parish
  • Sts. Pepetua and Felicity Parish
  • Holy Mother of Consolation Parish
  • Divine Mercy Parish
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I read this in my diocese' newspaper last week, probably could be cited somewhere else, I made it a CW answer so others can add to make it complete with other denominations. –  Peter Turner Nov 21 '13 at 12:27

Within Baptist churches, there tends to be a significant number of ordinal and locational church names, although the modern trend is to eschew both "Baptist" and incorporate more soteriological concepts. So, let me unpack that:

  1. Ordinal naming

    Baptists are a highly missiological group - they want to plant as many churches as they can, and are often highly aware of their parentage. When a new Baptist church is planted in a particular area, it is often named for the area. The First Baptist Church of {Clarendon | Crewe | Alexandria | insert all sorts of cities where I've attended} is often succeeded by the Second Baptist Church of {X}. (And, incidentally, African American Churches tend to be 'Second Baptist of X' a lot, because the whites kicked out the blacks at a certain point.)

  2. Locational naming

    Absent a First or second, there is often just a {X} Baptist church, when it isn't expected there will be more than one. I have preached at Middleburg, Marshall, The Plains, and Antioch Baptist churches, for example - all based on the place name. Because the city or place is sufficiently ambiguous, some churches in cities will just take the name of the street. In Washington DC, Sixteenth Street Baptist has historically been known as that - although it is now going to a First Baptist of DC moniker in order to establish its history. Martin Luther King, Jr. served at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church, which incidentally is located on Dexter Avenue, right below the State Capitol. (Got to visit that church and had a 'D'oh' moment on that one.)

  3. Soteriological Concepts

    The more more modern church naming scheme tends towards concepts. "United Baptist Church" in Annandale was the merger of two locationally named churches (Barcroft and Annandale). Fireside Church, New Life Church, and many other 'Community Churches' (eschewing the name 'Baptist') now pop up. These tend to be younger and 'edgier' than the old First and Seconds.

What is rare amongst Baptist is naming after a Saint. Baptists as a whole tend to be rather leery of anything "Popish" and because of their love of local autonomy, tend to avoid tying themselves to any one individual. While there is the occasional William Broaddus Memorial Church or Smith Memorial, it is very rare to find a "St X of X" Baptist church.

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