Does Christianity claim to be the last true religion that will ever exist, or does it admit the possibility of being supplanted by a new revelation, like Judaism was with Christianity?
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Christianity1 doesn't make claims about itself but rather makes claims about Jesus. And those claims are based on the Bible, which records Jesus' own words. So what does Jesus say about being supplanted by a new revelation? He was asked exactly this question - here is His answer:
Furthermore, in another place He specifically says that there is no other way to God than through Him:
1 And here you'd have to specify which flavour of Christianity you're talking about.
2 My paraphrase.
Christianity is based on the New Testament. What ever the New Testament says, that is what Christianity believes.
According to the NT, Jesus is the promised Messiah from the Old Testament, which is the scripture for the Jews. Basically, without the Jewish scripture, there is no New Testament, which means no Christianity. The New Testament claims that Jesus is the promised Messiah whom the Jews were waiting, even today. Which means that Christianity is the completion or the ultimate stage of Judaism.
Christianity itself never claims to be a new religion. Christians believe that God is a Trinity, three persons in one, known as - God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit. Since Jesus is God the Son, Christianity doesn't produce any new Deity. It's the same God from the Old Testament. Christianity claims that there are many scriptural proves in the Jewish scripture which refers to the Trinity, and also the Messiah as the Son of God who would be flogged and crucified for our sins.
Hebrews is a long discussion about how Jesus is supreme in every way: compared to angels, to Moses, to the high priests etc. It begins though by noting that Jesus is supreme way God has revealed himself. As Jesus said, "Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father." (John 14:9)
So Jesus is the big definitive revelation from God.
Does that mean that God has not given further revelations after the New Testament? There is no consensus on that question, and the debate between continuationism and cessationism is still ongoing.
Jesus' claims about Himself, such as there is no way to God but through Him (John 14:6) expressly reject any newer revelation that will supplant faith in Jesus Christ.
The book of Revelation shows us what will happen for a good while to come, and it shows Jesus, the Lamb of God, on the throne at the end (Rev. 21:22).
According to 1 Cor. 15:20-28 we find that the God of the Bible will endure forever; there will be no other gods from new revelations to replace Him, and Jesus is the agent through which God will draw all people to Himself.
The Bible (Old and New testaments) presents a progressive revelation of God's plan for man's salvation. Some truths are presented as eternal and unchanging, so every later revelation adds to the former without rejecting those that came before. Conflict surrounds those truths that were specifically intended to be for one dispensation but not a later one, such as animal sacrifice and certain laws intended for Israel but not humanity in general, or not for the time after Jesus' resurrection.
Some important verses:
Moses warns the people to expect another prophet (believed by Christians to be Jesus) in Deuteronomy 18:
Jesus taught the continuity of what came before in Matthew 5:
Jesus prepares his disciples to welcome and obey the Holy Spirit going forward in John 16:
The history of the Christian Church since the day of Pentecost has been an attempt to listen to the Holy Spirit and learn from that spirit.
To a certain degree, Scripture supplies a certain sense of finality of the revealed truths of God in Revelation 22:
These words in Revelation stand in contrast against the many promises of future teachings and the arrival of a messiah that were predicted by the earlier prophets, like Isaiah and Jeremiah. They merely echo what Jesus said on the cross in John 19:
Ever since Eve was promised in Genesis that her seed would crush the serpent, mankind had been looking forward for its hope. We no longer need to look forward.
It IS finished.
When you read Mathew 16:18 and go up a few verses the rock that Jesus is referring to is the statement by Peter “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.”
Matthew 16:18 18 And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it.
Will it get replaced? - In the above verse the second part is your answer.
John 14:6 6 Jesus said to him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.
Revelation is the revealed christian life being lived out in a person The Book of Revelation Chap 21 22 shows this is the fullness of all Revelation there is no more